Huangshi

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This article is about the Hubei city. For other uses, see Huangshi (disambiguation).
Huangshi
黄石市
Prefecture-level city
On the Fushui River (Yangxin County)
On the Fushui River (Yangxin County)
Location of Huangshi City in Hubei and the PRC
Location of Huangshi City in Hubei and the PRC
Huangshi is located in Hubei
Huangshi
Huangshi
Location in Hubei
Coordinates: 30°13′N 115°05′E / 30.217°N 115.083°E / 30.217; 115.083Coordinates: 30°13′N 115°05′E / 30.217°N 115.083°E / 30.217; 115.083
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 4,576 km2 (1,767 sq mi)
 • Urban 227 km2 (88 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,793 km2 (692 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 2,429,318
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban 764,571
 • Urban density 3,400/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,601,687
 • Metro density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website huangshi.gov.cn

Huangshi (simplified Chinese: 黄石; traditional Chinese: 黃石; pinyin: Huángshí; literally: "yellow rock") is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate[edit]

Huangshi is located in southeastern Hubei province, along the southwestern bank of one of the major bends in the Yangtze River. It is located 100 kilometres (62 mi)[1] south-east of Wuhan, and borders Jiangxi province to the south. Its area was reported by the local government as 4,583 square kilometres (1,770 sq mi);[2] elsewhere, the number of 4,630 square kilometres (1,790 sq mi) was given. The terrain is mostly small mountains and hills. The tallest mountain is 7 Summit Mountain with an elevation of 860 metres (2,820 ft) above sea-level. Huangshi is also located in a major lake district between Hunan's Dongting Lake and Jiangxi's Poyang lake and has dozens of large lakes.

Its population is 2,429,318 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,601,687 in the built-up area made of 4 urban district plus the city of Daye now being part of the agglomeration.

Huangshi's climate is sub-temperate. Average annual temperature is 17 °C (63 °F) and precipitation is 1,400 mm (55.1 in). There are 264 frost free days. It snows between December and February.

Administration[edit]

A renovated temple in Longgang Zhen. Yangxin County

Huangshi has 4 districts, 1 development zone, 1 county, and 1 county-level city.

City:

Districts:

County:

Development Zone:

On the streets of Tieshan

Demographics[edit]

According to the Fifth Population Census of China (2000), the entire prefecture-level city of Huangshi had 2,476,400 people, making for the population density of 540 people per square kilometer.[3] More than 99% of the population belong to the Han ethnic group.

According to Google Map there are 686.894 people in Huangshi; this refers, presumably, to Huangshi's urban core (Huangshigang District 196,600 people, density 5757 people /km2; West Fort Mountain (Xisaishan) Area, 244,000, density 2171 people /km2; Xialu District, 146,600 people, density 2536 people /km2),[3] and excludes the far-flung Yangxin County, Daye, and Tieshan.

Economy[edit]

Huangshi's GDP for 2003 was 27.5 billion CNY. Its proximity to Wuhan and location along major rail lines and the Yangtze River make Huangshi an important logistics, distribution, and transportation hub. Mineral resources are plentiful in Huangshi giving it the nickname "The Southern Cornucopia". Metals include iron, manganese, gold, copper, tungsten, molybdenum, zinc, lead, cobalt, silver, gallium, and thallium. Other mineral resources include germanium, indium, selenium, tellurium, sulfur, calcite, limestone, celestine, plaster, and many others.

Agriculture is also a major part of Huangshi's economy. There are more than 3000 species of plants in Huangshi, many of them used for food, pharmaceuticals, and fragrance.

Other industries include metallurgy, textiles, contsruction materials, energy, light manufacturing, electronics, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and food processing.

Transportation[edit]

The prefecture-level city is served by China National Highway 106 / 316 and the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway

Many of the passenger trains traveling on the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway between Wuhan (Wuchang and Wuhan Stations) and the points southeast make stops at the Huangshi and Yangxin stations. Huangshi Station is located within the administrative borders of Daye County-level city (30°9′23″N 114°56′5″E / 30.15639°N 114.93472°E / 30.15639; 114.93472), about 5 km (3 mi) north of downtown Daye and 10 km (6 mi) west of downtown Huangshi. Yangxin Station is near Yangxin County's county seat, Xingguo Town.

Although Huangshi's main urban area is some distance away from the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway mainline, it is connected to it by a dead-end branch, of considerable importance for the local industries. It runs all the way to Huangshi's river port on the Yangtze. There is even a downtown passenger station on this branch (Huangshi East Railway Station, 30°12′25″N 115°5′5″E / 30.20694°N 115.08472°E / 30.20694; 115.08472), but, as of 2012, it is served by very few trains.[4]

Tourism[edit]

Qing Long Ta (the "Purple Dragon Pagoda") under construction in Daye

Huangshi has beautiful natural scenery such as lakes and mountains. One of its more famous sites is Feiyun Cave. As well as Dong Fang Shan (East Mountain), Oriental Mountain, and Ci Lake.

The former eastern pit of the Daye Iron Mine, which was in operation since the 1890s until 2000, has been converted into Huangshi National Mining Park (黄石国家矿山公园), where visitors can see a variety of mining equipment from the past and the present, some of it still operational.[5]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Huangshi (China) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b Huangshi population statistics, as reported by Huangshi Prefecture-Level City Government
  4. ^ Huangshi East schedule (Chinese)
  5. ^ "Mining for tourism in Hubei", By Li Jing (China Daily). Updated: 2008-09-22

External links[edit]