Huarpe languages

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Huarpe
Warpe
Native to Argentina, dispossessed to Chile
Ethnicity Huarpe people
Extinct ca. 1630
Dialects
Millcayac
Allentiac
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Linguist list
qbt (Alyentiyak)
  qgb (Milykayak)
Glottolog huar1251  (Huarpean)[1]
alle1238  (Allentiac)[2]
mill1237  (Millcayac)[3]
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Huarpe (Warpe) was a small language family of central Argentina that consisted of two closely related languages, traditionally considered dialects, Alyentiyak (Allentiac, Huarpe) and Milykayak (Millcayac).

Kaufman (1994) tentatively linked Huarpe to the Mura-Matanawi languages in a family he called Macro-Warpean. However, he noted that "no systematic study" had been made, so that it is best to consider them independent families. Swadesh and Suárez both connected Huarpe to Macro-Jibaro, a possibility that has yet to be investigated.

Phonology[edit]

The two languages had apparently similar sound systems, and were not dissimilar from Spanish, at least from the records we have. Barros (2007) reconstructs the consonants as follows:

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p t k
Affricate ts
Fricative s ʃ h
Semivowel w j (ɰ)
Lateral l ʎ
Trill r

Allentiac had at least five vowels, written a, e, i, o, ù. The ù is thought to represent the central vowel [ɨ].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Huarpean". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Allentiac". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Millcayac". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.