|Nickname(s): Tierra de generales|
|• Municipal president||Próspero Ibarra Jr|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
Huatabampo (Spanish pronunciation: [wataˈβampo]) is a city and municipality in the state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. It is situated on the Gulf of California, near the mouth of the Mayo River. It is located at latitude . Huatabampo is 34 km southwest of Navojoa via Sonora State Highway 56 and Sonora State Highway 149. Mexican Federal Highway 15 can be accessed via Sonora State Highway 176.
The area of the municipality (urban and rural) is 1,169.92 km2.
The name Huatabampo is from the local Mayo language, "Huata" (Willow) + "Bampo" (Water), or "Willow in/near the Water".
Huatabampo is also known as "Tierra de Generales" (Land of Generals) since during the Mexican Revolution (1910–1917) several high-ranking revolutionary generals emerged from this town. Among them, Álvaro Obregón (1880–1928), who was born in Navojoa, but lived for many years in Huatabampo, the only undefeated general in the war. He was also elected President of the Mexican Republic (1920–1924) after the war, being an important link between the war-devastated country and the first stages of political, economical and social development. He was murdered after elected to a second term, and is buried in the old local cemetery. Other generals from the area were General José Tiburcio Otero Toledo (1834–1900), a famous military and a governor of Sonora, and General Ignacio Otero Pablos (1896–1970), who was Ambassador to the Dominican Republic and Venezuela and also a candidate for governor of Sonora.
The population was 74,533 in 2005, with 29,789 inhabitants living in the municipal seat. Other towns are Ejido la Unión, Yavaros, Sahuaral de Otero, Etchoropo, Huatabampito, Moroncarit, Agiabampo, Estación Luis, Las Bocas, El Caro, Citavaro, Pozo Dulce, and El Júpare.
Since Huatabampo has 120 km of coastline, fishing plays a major role in the economy. There are over 3,000 registered fishermen and around 20 open sea trawlers, in addition to almost one thousand small boats. Shrimp raising has also become a major industry in recent years.
In 2000 there were 8 industries for industrialization of sardines, crab, and shrimp. The production of fish oil and fish flour is also important.
Huatabampo is home to the Museum of Álvaro Obregón's house, and his tomb in the Old Cemetery.
Huatabampo is known for its famous dance aptly named "El Huatabampo", as in: "do El Huatabampo for me".
- Huatabampo, Ayuntamiento Digital (Official Website of Huatabampo, Sonora)
- Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México (INAFED)
- The official site of Huatabampo With pictures and information
- Sonora Turismo
- Wikimapia satellite view
- Map of Sonora
- Oficina Nacional de Desarrollo Humano (2005). "IDH Municipal 2000-2005 base de datos". Retrieved 2008-12-17.