Huave people

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Huave
Huavetowns.png
The four Huave settlements
Total population
29,931 (2010)
Regions with significant populations
 Mexico (Southeast coast: Juchitán District, Oaxaca)
San Dionisio del Mar 4,940 (2000)[1]
San Francisco del Mar 3,900 (1990)[2]
San Mateo del Mar 12,000 (1990)[3]
Santa María del Mar 500 (1993)[4]
Languages
San Dionisio del Mar Huave,[1] San Francisco del Mar Huave,[2] San Mateo del Mar Huave,[3] San María del Mar Huave,[4]
and Spanish
Religion
traditional tribal religion, Roman Catholicism

The Huave are an indigenous people of Mexico. The autodenomination term used by the Huave themselves is Ikoots/Kunajts (the first person inclusive pronoun, thus meaning "Us"), or Mareños (meaning "Sea People" in Spanish).[5] They have inhabited the Isthmus of Tehuantepec for more than 3000 years[citation needed], preceding the Zapotec people in settling the area. Today they inhabit several villages (most notably San Mateo del Mar, in the Tehuantepec District, and Santa María del Mar, San Dionisio and San Francisco del Mar, in the Juchitán District) on the sandspits of the Pacific Ocean and trade marine products with inland neighbors. According to the 2000 census, 13,687 people declared themselves to be Huave speakers, however, many non-speakers still identify as Huaves/Mareños. Their language is called Huave, or ombeayiüts/umbeyajts, depending on the dialect.

The name Huave is also spelled Huavi or Wabi. Many Huave people works as fishermen and agriculturalists.[3] Huave families are patrilocal and reside homes with thatched rooves. Male members of each Huave village belong to the escalafón, which is a community organization for civic and religious affairs.[6]

Languages[edit]

Huave people speak four languages, some of which are mutually intelligible: San Dionisio del Mar Huave,[1] San Francisco del Mar Huave,[2] San Mateo del Mar Huave,[3] and San María del Mar Huave.[4] They also speak Spanish.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Huave, San Dionisio del Mar." Ethnologue. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d "Huave, San Francisco del Mar." Ethnologue. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d "Huave, San Mateo del Mar." Ethnologue. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Huave, San María del Mar." Ethnologue. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  5. ^ Kim 2008
  6. ^ "Huave." Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 July 2012.

References[edit]