|Illustration by Joseph Smit, 1895|
(G. R. Gray, 1867)
Rhynchotus maculicollis, also known as waypu (Quechua, other spellings guaipo, huaipo, guaypo, waypo, a name which is also applied for other Tinamidae species, however; also (erroneously) huayco tinamou), is a species of bird found on grassy mountain ridges in the Andes of Bolivia and Argentina.
All tinamous are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.
Previously, it was considered a subspecies of the red-winged tinamou, but it has a different song, and its head and neck are streaked and spotted black. The SACC split this into a monotypic species and the IUCN followed suit in 2006.
The Rhynchotus maculicollis has a black streaked and spotted head and neck.
Like other tinamous, the Rhynchotus maculicollis eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots. The male incubates the eggs which may come from different females, and then will raise them until they are ready to be on their own. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.
Range and habitat
- BirdLife International (2012). "Rhynchotus maculicollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Brands, S. (2008)
- Martín R. de la Peña, Diccionario de nombres vulgares de las Aves de Argentina, Serie Naturaleza, Conservación y Sociedad, No. 1, 2011
- Juan Carlos Chebez, Alejandro Mouchard, Lucas Rodríguez, Ornitonimia popular y científica de las aves argentinas II. (Tinamiformes, Sphenisciformes y Podicipediformes), in Nótulas Faunísticas, Segunda Serie, 65, 2011, see p. 5: Rhynchotus maculicollis Gray, 1867 (guaipo, huaipo, guaypo, waypo (QU))
- Clements, J (2007)
- Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
- Remsen Jr., J. V. (2000)
- BirdLife International (2008)
- BirdLife International (2008). "Huayco Tinamou - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Data Zone. Retrieved 9 Feb 2009.
- Brands, Sheila (Aug 14, 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Rhynchotus rufescens". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved Feb 9, 2009.
- Clements, James (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World (6 ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-4501-9.
- Davies, S.J.J.F. (2003). "Tinamous". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–59. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0.
- Remsen Jr., J. V.; et al. (7 Aug 2008). "Proposal to South American Checklist Committee (#2000-01): Elevate Rhynchotus maculicollis to species rank". South American Classification Committee. American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 4 Feb 2009.[dead link]
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