Huayco tinamou

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Rhynchotus maculicollis
RhynchotisMaculicollisSmit.jpg
Illustration by Joseph Smit, 1895
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Nothurinae
Genus: Rhynchotus
Species: R. maculicollis
Binomial name
Rhynchotus maculicollis
(G. R. Gray, 1867)[2]
Synonyms
  • Rhynchotis maculicollis

Rhynchotus maculicollis, also known as waypu (Quechua,[3][4] other spellings guaipo, huaipo, guaypo, waypo, a name which is also applied for other Tinamidae species, however;[3] also (erroneously) huayco tinamou), is a species of bird found on grassy mountain ridges in the Andes of Bolivia and Argentina.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

All tinamous are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[6]

Previously, it was considered a subspecies of the red-winged tinamou, but it has a different song, and its head and neck are streaked and spotted black. The SACC split this into a monotypic species[5] and the IUCN followed suit in 2006.[7]

Description[edit]

The Rhynchotus maculicollis has a black streaked and spotted head and neck.

Behavior[edit]

Like other tinamous, the Rhynchotus maculicollis eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots. The male incubates the eggs which may come from different females, and then will raise them until they are ready to be on their own. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.[6]

Range and habitat[edit]

The Rhynchotus maculicollis lives in the Andes of northwestern Argentina and Bolivia from 1,000–3,000 m (3,300–9,800 ft). It prefers semi-arid scrub and cereal fields.[1]

Conservation[edit]

The IUCN classifies this tinamou as Least Concern,[1] with an occurrence range of 114,000 km2 (44,000 sq mi).[8]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Rhynchotus maculicollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Brands, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b Martín R. de la Peña, Diccionario de nombres vulgares de las Aves de Argentina, Serie Naturaleza, Conservación y Sociedad, No. 1, 2011
  4. ^ Juan Carlos Chebez, Alejandro Mouchard, Lucas Rodríguez, Ornitonimia popular y científica de las aves argentinas II. (Tinamiformes, Sphenisciformes y Podicipediformes), in Nótulas Faunísticas, Segunda Serie, 65, 2011, see p. 5: Rhynchotus maculicollis Gray, 1867 (guaipo, huaipo, guaypo, waypo (QU))
  5. ^ a b Clements, J (2007)
  6. ^ a b Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  7. ^ Remsen Jr., J. V. (2000)
  8. ^ BirdLife International (2008)

References[edit]