Huazhong University of Science and Technology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Huachung University.
Huazhong University of Science & Technology
Hustseals.png
Motto 明德厚学,求是创新[1] (Chinese)
Motto in English Virtue, Knowledge, Truth, Originality[2]
Established 1953 (Engineering School)
1907 (Medical School)
Type National / Public
President Ding Lieyun
Academic staff 3,448
Undergraduates 36,000
Postgraduates 20,040
Location Wuhan, Hubei, China
Campus Suburban / Main Campus
1160 acres/ 470 ha
Urban / Medical Campus
133 acres/ 54 ha
Athletics National CUBA men's and women's
Colors Blue     
Mascot Yellow Crane and White Cloud
Website www.hust.edu.cn

The Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST; simplified Chinese: 华中科技大学; traditional Chinese: 華中科技大學; pinyin: Huázhōng Kējì Dàxué; literally: "Central China University of Science and Technology") is a public, coeducational research university located in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. As a national key university, HUST is directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education of China. HUST has been referred to[clarify]as the flagship of China's higher education system after the Chinese Civil War. HUST manages Wuhan National Laboratories for Opto-electronics (WNLO) at Wuchang, which is one of the five national laboratories in China.

History[edit]

Main Campus
Main Gate

Founding (1952-1954)[edit]

In 1952, the Central Government of China sought to construct a new higher education system for the rapid development of economy, science and technology after Chinese Civil War. Three technical institutes were planned to be established in Wuhan, including Huazhong Institute of Technology (HIT,华中工学院), South-Central China Institute of Power Engineering (中南动力学院) and South-Central China Institute of Water Conservancy and Electric Power (中南水利学院) . In March 1953, the institute's charter was signed by the South-Central China Government under the approval of the Central Government of China. In the original planning, the land south of the Yujia Hill was chosen for the three campuses. Physicist Qian Zha was appointed as chair of the three-institute initiative. Economist Peigang Zhang was appointed as chief in planning to lead the HIT initiative. In June 1953, the land south of the East Lake was chosen as the campus of South-Central China Institute of Water Conservancy and Electric Power. The same year, the South-Central China government decided not to establish an independent South-Central China Institute of Power Engineering. All the programs related to power engineering were administered by Huazhong Institute of Technology. The institute formally opened on October 15, 1953.

Early development (1954-1966)[edit]

All the programs and departments at HIT were organized and formed from the programs related to electrical engineering, power engineering, electricity and mechanical engineering in Wuhan University, Hunan University, Guangxi University and South China Institute of Technology. HIT's first classes were held in spaces at those institutions. There were eight undergraduate programs, 314 full-time faculty members and 2,639 undergraduate students at that time. The first president is physicist Qian Zha, Dean of School of Engineering of Wuhan University. The first provost is Gancai Liu.

In 1960, HIT was evaluated to be a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China.

Culture Revolution (1966-1976)[edit]

In 1971, most of the Wuhan Mechanical Institute (武汉机械学院) was merged into the institute.

Six departments were established. There were 20 undergraduate programs, 1,097 faculty members. The number of undergraduate students reached to 6,087.

New mission, global view (1976-1988)[edit]

Graduate students began to be enrolled in 1978, and in 1984, the institute became one of 22 universities to be approved by the State Council to establish a graduate school. By approval of the State Education Committee, the institute was renamed Huazhong University of Science and Technology (华中理工大学) in 1988.

Leading the Reform in Tech-Schools (1988-2000)[edit]

With China's global strategy and the reform of the economy, HUST led a series of pivotal reforms among technical institutions in China. HUST is the first technical school to establish the Department of Journalism and Communication, the Department of Economics, and Department of Literature, and to host nation-wide lectures in humanities.

Merger[edit]

On May 26, 2000, the former Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Tongji Medical University, Wuhan Urban Construction Institute (武汉城市建设学院), and Wuhan Science and Technology Vocational College (科技部干部管理学院) combined to form the new Huazhong University of Science and Technology (华中科技大学); the Chinese name was changed, but the English name remained the same.

Tongji Medical College[edit]

The history of Tongji Medical College can be traced back to 1907 when Tongji German Medical School was founded by Erich Paulun in Shanghai. The name Tongji[3] suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. In 1927, with the development of the institution, it expanded to include engineering programs. After the establishment of National Tongji University in 1927, the Tongji Medical College was affiliated to the university as one of the schools. In 1950, the medical school was moved to Wuhan from Shanghai and merged with Wuhan University School of Medicine to become South-Central China Tongji Medical College. The college was later renamed as Wuhan College of Medicine in 1955, as Tongji Medical University in 1985, and as Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2000.

Presidents (1953- )[edit]

  • Peigen Li (2005–present) Member of China's Academy of Engineering
  • Mingwu Fan (2001–2005) Member of China's Academy of Engineering, former President of China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • Ji Zhou (1997–2001) Member of China's Academy of Engineering, current President of China's Academy of Engineering, former Minister of Education of China
  • Shuzi Yang (1993–1997) Member of China's Academy of Sciences
  • Shuhuai Huang (1984–1993)
  • Jiusi Zhu: (1979–1984)
  • Qian Zha: (1953–1979)

Campus[edit]

Road and Youth Lake in main campus HUST.

Main Campus at Wuchang[edit]

1037 Luoyu Road, Wuchang, Wuhan

Tongji Medical Campus at Hankou[edit]

13 Hangkong Road, Hankou, Wuhan

Academics[edit]

Schools and Departments[edit]

West12 at Night. All buildings at HUST are named in Direction+Number.
A classroom in West12.

Sciences and Engineering[edit]

  • Department of Control Science & Engr.
  • Department of Electronic Sci. & Tech.
  • Department of Electronics & Information Engr.
  • Department of Mathematics
  • Department of Physics
  • School of Architecture & Urban Planning
  • School of Chemistry & Chemical Engr.
  • School of Computer Sciences & Engr.
  • School of Civil Engineering & Mechanics
  • School of Electrical & Electronic Engr.
  • School of Energy & Power Engineering
  • School of Environmental Science & Engr.
  • School of Hydropower & Information Engr.
  • School of Life Sciences & Technology
  • School of Materials Science & Engr.
  • School of Mechanical Science & Engr.
  • School of Opto-electronic Sci. & Engr.
  • School of Software Engineering
  • School of Transportation Sci. & Engr.

Social Sciences[edit]

  • Department of Chinese Literature
  • Department of Philosophy
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Sociology
  • School of Economics
  • School of Education
  • School of Foreign Language
  • School of Humanities & Social Sciences
  • School of International Education
  • School of Journalism & Communication
  • School of Law
  • School of Management
  • School of Public Administration

Medicine (Tongji Medical College)[edit]

  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • Department of Nursing
  • Basic Medical School
  • School of Clinical Medicine I
    Wuhan Union Hospital
  • School of Clinical Medicine II
    Wuhan Tongji Hospital
  • School of Drug & Health Administration
  • School of Pharmacy
  • School of Public Health

Institutes, centers and laboratories[edit]

South1 is the oldest and largest complex to house many centers and institutes at HUST.

Laboratories[edit]

National laboratories (1)[edit]

National Major Scientific & Technological Facility (1)[edit]

National key laboratories (5)[edit]

National specialized laboratories(2)[edit]

  • National Specialized Laboratory for Storage System National Specialized
  • National Specialized Laboratory for New Type-Electrical Machinery

National research centers (7)[edit]

  • National Engineering Laboratory for Next Generation Internet Access
  • National Engineering Research Center for Nano-Medicine
  • National Anti-Counterfeit Engineering Research Center
  • National Engineering Research Center for CAD Software (Wuhan)
  • National Engineering Research Center for Numerical Control System
  • National Engineering Research Center for Manufacturing Equipment Digitization
  • National Engineering Research Center for Laser Processing

Ministerial / provincial leading labs (16)[edit]

  • Intelligence Manufacturing Technology Lab of the Ministry of Education
  • Image Information Processing and Intelligence Control Lab of the Ministry of Education
  • Peripheral Memory Technology Laboratory of the Ministry of Education
  • Biomedical Photonics Lab of the Ministry of Education
  • Measurement of Elementary Physical Quantities Lab of the Ministry of Education
  • Organ Transplantation Lab of the Ministry of Education
  • Environment and Health Lab of the Ministry of Education
  • Respiratory System Laboratory of the Ministry of Health
  • Organ Transplantation Lab of the Ministry of Health
  • Water Supply & Drainage Laboratory of the Ministry of Construction
  • Gravitation and Quantum Physics Lab of Hubei Province
  • Environment Protection and Health Lab of Hubei Province
  • Tumour Attack Transfer Lab of Hubei Province
  • Cluster and Grid Computing Lab of Hubei Province
  • Digital Valley Technology Lab of Hubei Province
  • Biological Information and Molecule Imaging Lab of Hubei Province

Ministerial / provincial research centers[edit]

  • Mechanical Design and Manufacturing Online Collaboration Research Center
  • Coal Combustion Online Collaboration Research Center
  • Biomedical Photonics Online Collaboration Research Center
  • Hubei Engineering Research Center for Nano-drugs
  • Functional Ceramics Engineering Research Center of the Ministry of Education

International collaboration research centers[edit]

  • China-UK HUST-IACR International Joint Lab
  • HUST Chiang Foundation Industrial Training Center

Other centers and institutes[edit]

  • Center for Computation and Network
  • Institute of Education
  • Institute of History
  • Institute for Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence
  • School of Distance & Continuing Education
  • Division of Physical Education
  • China-EU Institute for Clean and Renewable Energy (ICARE)

Faculty and staff[edit]

  • Faculty: 3,448
  • Staff (main campus): 7,659
  • Staff (hospitals): 5,259
  • Chang Jiang Scholars: 65
  • Member of Academy of Sciences of China: 10
  • Member of Academy of Engineering of China: 14

Rankings[edit]

(General rankings provided by independent agencies or organizations, not by governmental organizations. Program rankings provided by 2007 National Research Evaluation conducted by the Ministry of Education of China)[4]

General[edit]

Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
College Ranking 11 11 11 9 8 9 8 7 7 7 5 5 6
Graduate School Ranking  ?  ? 11 9 6 6 7 8 7 7 6 6 6

[5]

  • The number of Chinese universities used for comparison = 720 (data 2006)[6]

Schools[edit]

[7] Undergraduate|Graduate
Engineering: #6 | #3; Medicine: #2 | #2; Management: #10 | #15; Science: #16 | #17;
Economics: #20 |-; Literature: #36 |-;
Natural Sciences (Engineering, Medicine, Science overall): #7 | #6;
Social Sciences (History, Management, Economics overall): #17 | #18

Programs[8][edit]

Mechanical Engineering: #1; Electrical Engineering: #2; Optic Engineering: #3;
Public Administration: #4; Biomedical Engineering: #5; Control Engineering: #5 ;
Power Engineering: #6; Computer Science: #9; Electronics: #9;

Subjects[9][edit]

Preventive Medicine Epidemiology: #5; Environmental Health: #1; Nutrition: #5; Gynecology: #2; Toxicology: #6;

Computer Science System Structure: #3; Software: #12 ;

Journalism & Communication Journalism: #3; Communication: #7;

Others Statistics: #6; Quantitative Economics: #3;

Services[edit]

Libraries[edit]

New Library, main campus

There are four libraries at HUST: the Old Library, the Shaw Library (New Library), the Medical Library and the Architecture Library. The Old Library and the Shaw Library are located in the center of main campus. The Old Library was designed and constructed in Soviet-Union style in the 1950s. It plays a major role in book circulation and conference hosting. It also provides classrooms for audio-video teaching program and some group-study programs. The first floor of the east wing is the Center for Reader's Services, which is a branch of University Bookstore System. The Shaw Library was donated by Sir Run Run Shaw and built in 1990s. It has more than 30 reading rooms, including Chinese/English social sciences reading rooms, Chinese/English natural sciences reading rooms, Chinese/English archive reading rooms and electronic journal reading rooms. It also houses a multi-media center and a major branch of Center for Computing & Networking. Medical Library is located in Tongji Medical Campus in Hankou. It provides the same services to the medical students as the libraries in main campus. The Architecture Library is on the east side of the main campus. It accommodates books and journals in architecture and urban planning. The University Libraries have a total collection of 3.49 million volumes.

Hospitals[edit]

Student life[edit]

University Stadium, main campus
A path of Yujia Hill (located at the back of the main campus)

Student demographics[edit]

Undergraduate students: 36,275
Graduate & professional students: 20,044
International students: 560

Athletics[edit]

HUST men's basketball team has won national championship (CUBA) in 2004. HUST men's team also won the fourth place in CUBA 1999. HUST women's basketball team lost the national champion titles and won the second places in WCUBA 2005 and 2006.

Traditions[edit]

Academic life has always been put in the first place by HUST students. As the initial mission of early HUST, HUST graduates were expected to possess the skills and abilities for becoming outstanding experts in their science fields. However, the education in arts and literature were strengthened by the school since late 1980s. Chinese literature is a required course for any degrees or programs at HUST. Former president of HUST, Shuzi Yang is an enthusiastic advocate to bring courses of arts and humanities into the curriculum. His great efforts make many HUST graduates not only the experts in science, but also the leaders in their fields.

Notable faculty and alumni[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Members of National Academies[edit]

On the HUST campus on a winter day

China Academy of Sciences[edit]

  • Bei Shizhang, Tongji Class 1921, elected in 1955.
  • Liang Boqiang (梁伯强), Tongji Class 1922, elected in 1955, Pathologist.
  • Qiu Fazu, Tongji Class 1936, elected in 1993, Senior Member of CAS.
  • Shen Qizhen (沈其震), Tongji Class 1923, elected in 1955, Physiologist, founding president of Academy of Medicine China and China Union Medical University.
  • Wu Mengchao, Tongji Class 1949, 2005 National Science & Technology Awardee.
  • Wu Min (吴旻), Tongji Class 1950, elected in 1980.
  • Cheng Shijie (程时杰), HIT Class 1981, elected in 2007.
  • Yang Shuzi (杨叔子), HIT Class 1956, elected in 1991.
  • Zhu Zhongliang (朱中梁), HIT Class 1961, elected in 1999.
  • Luo Jun (罗俊), HIT Class 1982, elected in 2009.
  • Zheng Xiaojing (郑晓静), HIT Class 1982, elected in 2009.
  • Ding Han (丁汉), HIT Class 1989, elected in 2013.

China Academy of Engineering[edit]

Famous Scientists[edit]

  • Gang Chen (陈刚), Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, member of National Academy of Engineering, US
  • Yinyu Ye (叶荫宇), Professor, Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University
  • Shaofan Li (李少凡), Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California at Berkeley
  • Jimmy Zhu (朱建刚), ABB Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Ning Wang (汪宁), Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Lihong Wang (汪立宏), Gene K. Beare Distinguished Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis
  • Ying Wu (吴郢), Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Northwestern University
  • Jianqiao Sun (孙剑桥), Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware
  • Zhong (John) Zhang (张忠), Murrel J. Ades Professor, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
  • Susan Chun Zhu (祝淳), Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Michigan State University
  • Guofu Tan (谭国富), Professor, Department of Economics, University of Southern California
  • Guoqiang Tian (田国强), Professor, Department of Economics, Texas A&M University
  • Chunrong Ai (艾春荣), Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Florida
  • Shouyong Shi (石寿永), Professor and Canada Research Chair, Department of Economics, University of Toronto
  • Xi He (贺熹), Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, Harvard University
  • Frank Hu (胡丙长), Professor, Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard University
  • Tao Xu (徐涛), HUST Class 1996, Director, Institute of Biophysics, Academy of Sciences, China
  • Kang Shen (沈康),Tongji Class 1994, Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
  • Peigang Zhang (张培刚), Economist, founder of Development Economics
  • Jiusi Zhu (朱九思), Educator
  • Fujing Li (李赋京) Pathologist
  • Fuhua Lv (吕富华), Tongji Class 1925, Pharmacologist,
  • Huanle Tao (陶桓乐), Tongji Class 1934, Respiratory System
  • MingJin Xie (谢敏晋), Tongji Class 1936, Microbiologist
  • Bingyang Shao (邵丙扬), Tongji Class 1942
  • Zhongbi Wu (武忠弼), Tongji Class 1945, Pathologist, member of Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina(German Academy of Natural Science)

Partner universities[edit]

HUST maintains partnership with more than 90 universities all over the world, the following are parts of these universities

References[edit]

  1. ^ "学校简介". Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Vision and Mission". Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ Tongji is the Chinese phonetic approximation of deutsche (German).
  4. ^ ***According to different methodologies used by different organizations, the rankings might not be accurate, but they reflect general academic reputation. The rankings published by a USTC-alumni-based internet company named Netbig(Wang Da) were not provided here due to people's concerns about the data's accuracy, the company's independency, the evaluation's fairness and the publisher's integrity.
  5. ^ From Wu,Shulian's Ranking administered by Sohu.com /in Chinese
  6. ^ From Ministry of Education of China
  7. ^ From Sina Education /in Chinese| Sohu Learning /in Chinese
  8. ^ Evaludated by Ministry of Education of China in 2006 /in Chinese
  9. ^ From Sina Education /in Chinese
  10. ^ IIIA | National (全国三级甲等医院) indicates the hospital can provide the highest level of health care in China.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°30′36″N 114°24′36″E / 30.51000°N 114.41000°E / 30.51000; 114.41000