H. de C. Hastings
|Hubert de Cronin Hastings|
18 July 1902|
Merton, Surrey, England
|Died||4 December 1986
Fittleworth, Sussex, England
Hubert de Cronin Hastings (18 July 1902 - 4 December 1986), often referred to in contemporary works as H. de C. Hastings (and known to friends as "H. de C."), was chairman of the Architectural Press and editor of Architectural Review and Architects' Journal.
Early life and family
Hastings was born at Merton, Surrey on 18 July 1902, the third son of Percy Hastings, proprietor of Architectural Press and founder of Architectural Review, and his wife Lilian Julie, née Bass. He was educated at Berkhamsted School, but did not immediately go on to university, instead working for his father's aforesaid company. Eventually, he did go to University College, London and to that University's Bartlett School of Architecture, though, despondent with studying the established beaux arts left and joined the Slade School, where he was influenced heavily by cubism.
On 23 July 1927, Hastings married Hazel Rickman Garrard, a daughter of Charles Frederick Garrard and had with her had two children, a son, John Hastings, and a daughter, Priscilla Hastings.
Early years as editor
In 1927, Hastings took over (alongside Christian Berman) the editing of Architectural Review and Architect's Journal; he set about rearranging the format, including changes in typography and image (for which he commissioned artwork from Eric Gill), but also the content. From then on, the weekly Journal would be concerned with practical architecture, while the monthly Review was concerned with architecture as an art, regularly featuring articles on painting, sculpture, interior design and architectural history.
In the following years, he employed a new generation of writers to contribute to the publications, including Osbert Lancaster, Robert Byron, Evelyn Waugh, Cyril Connolly, Sacheverell Sitwell, P. Morton Shand and (from 1930) John Betjeman; during the Second World War, Nikolaus Pevsner assisted, while J.M. Richards was serving in the armed forces. Hastings was known to have had difficult working relationships with some of these young writers he employed. Betjeman's relationship with Hastings was largely amicable, though at times, as Hasting's Telegraph obituary states, "Betjeman was openly impatient of the petty rules imposed by the management" and nicknamed him "Old Obscurity".
Although rarely contributing articles, he is known to have written several, under the pseudonym Ivor de Wolfe. He also authored The Alternative Society (1980), as well as a caricature book produced during his art-school years. As an individual, he was a "romantic" and an "idealist", but also a "perfectionist." He rarely talked publicly and was known to go on vacations without announcement and miss editorial meetings, returning, though, with a new draft article or photographs of continental cities.
Later years and legacy
Throughout the 1930s, he promoted modernism, with the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography commenting that he "saw the logic of this as a bright new future for society", although he later campaigned for 'new monumentalism' and 'new empiricism', before going on to favour the "picturesque" in town planning, in reaction to the more rigid axial-planning which was fashionable at the time amongst architectural circles; this led to his promotion of the notion of "township" and his criticism of poor planning in British architecture. A special publication of the Review which highlighted his criticisms was produced and influenced the creation of the Civic Trust. In recognition of his service to architecture in Britain, he became the first architectural editor to receive the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture from the Royal Institute of British Architects; their citation described him as a "leading campaigner in drawing attention to many of the most crucial and controversial issues that have concerned the architectural profession in this century."
- D. A. C. A. Boyne, ‘Hastings, Hubert de Cronin (1902–1986)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 9 June 2014
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 8 December 1986. Published in Massingberd, H. (1995) The Daily Telegraph Book of Obituaries, Pan Books.
- General Register Office, England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes, Q3, vol. 6d, p. 2193