Hubli

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Indian film, see Hubli (film).
Hubli
ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ
Metropolitan
Panoramic View of Hubli City from Nrupatunga Hill
Panoramic View of Hubli City from Nrupatunga Hill
Hubli is located in Karnataka
Hubli
Hubli
Location of Hubli
Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E / 15.36167; 75.08500Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E / 15.36167; 75.08500
Country India
State Karnataka
Government
 • Mayor Shivu Hiremath
Area
 • Metropolitan 202 km2 (78 sq mi)
Elevation 671 m (2,201 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolitan 1,349,563
 • Rank 50th
 • Metro[1] 1,847,023
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Pincode(s) 580 001-580032
Area code(s) +91-(8)36
Vehicle registration KA 25 to KA 63
Official language Kannada
Website http://www.hdmc.gov.in

Hubli, officially Hubballi (Kannada) is an agglomerating city in the state of Karnataka, India, where it is the fastest growing city after the capital, Bangalore. It is also known as "Chota Mumbai", it is the largest city in North Karnataka and a commercial hub. The name Hubballi literally means "Flowering creeper" in Kannada. Hubli is called "Gandu Mettida Naadu" (ಗಂಡು ಮೆಟ್ಟಿದ ನಾಡು). The twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad, collectively referred to as "Hubli-Dharwad", is the second-largest conurbation in Karnataka after Bangalore and is second most populous city in Karnataka. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka region. Crops like cotton, chilly and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading center for these commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway Zone and the Hubli Railway Division. Hubli is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of NWKRTC I.e. North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation. Hubli also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bangalore.

History[edit]

Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi' was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jaina basti. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron.

Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by Shivaji in 1673. The Mughals conquered Rayara Hubli and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli.

Hubli's famous Moorusavira Matha is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period.

Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Nawab of Savanur in 1755-56. In the following years, Hubli was conquered by Hyder Ali, only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan.

The British took Old Hubli from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India.

Hubli is a prosperous handloom weaving centre and has a textile unit.

The Bhavanishankar temple and Sri siddharodh swamy temple in Old Hubli and the impressive Chandramauleshwara/ Chaturlinga temple in Unakal are of Chalukyan times. Kundgol, 15 km south of Hubli, has the huge Shambhu Linga temple of Chalukyan times. Center government have approved the request to rename the city in October 2014 and Hubli will be renamed (along with other 12 cities) to "Hubballi" on November 1, 2014.[2][3]

Demographics[edit]

The population of the twin cities, as per provisional census 2011 figures, is 1,349,563.[4] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298; and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The municipality covers 191 km². Hubli-Dharwad is located 425 km northwest of Bangalore, on the Golden Quadrilateral Super highway between Bangalore and Pune. The City is governed by the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation, having an elected council. Kannada is the major language spoken in Hubli.

Religions in Hubli dharwad
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
68%
Muslims
  
26%
Christians
  
5.6%
Others†
  
0.4%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Climate[edit]

Hubli
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0
 
29
15
 
 
0
 
32
16
 
 
10
 
35
19
 
 
40
 
36
21
 
 
60
 
35
21
 
 
150
 
28
21
 
 
210
 
26
21
 
 
200
 
26
20
 
 
110
 
28
20
 
 
60
 
29
19
 
 
30
 
29
17
 
 
0
 
28
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: YR

Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. This is the best season to visit Hubli.

Hubli is 640 meters above M.S.L. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.[5]

Climate data for Hubli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
31.7
(89.1)
34.5
(94.1)
36
(97)
34.5
(94.1)
28.2
(82.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
29.94
(85.93)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.5
(61.7)
14.3
(57.7)
18.67
(65.67)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
40
(1.57)
60
(2.36)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
200
(7.87)
110
(4.33)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
0
(0)
870
(34.24)
Source: source=YR

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation[edit]

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers. The area covered by the corporation is 202.3 km². spread over 45 revenue villages and is the second largest city corporation in Karnataka after Bangalore. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 12 lakhs.

  • Hubli: Under the Government of India Act of 1850, the Hubli Municipal council was established on August 15, 1855.
  • Dharwad: The Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. The first non-official President of the Council was S. K. Rodda in 1907 and S. V. Mensinkai was nominated in the following year. But, the credit for being the first elected President goes to S. G. Karigudari, who took office in 1920.

Hubli is well known as a commercial as well as an industrial centre, whereas Dharwad is a seat of learning.[6] Popularly believed that, it is this diversity and geographical positions that the state government amalgamated the two cities.[7] The twin-city corporation occupies a unique place in Karnataka State. After the capital city of Bangalore, this is the largest city Corporation in the State.[8][9]

Industrial and business development[edit]

IT Park in Hubli
Paint Shop at Tata Motors, Hubli - Dharwad

Hubli has wide cluster of Industries and is also called the commercial hub of Karnataka. Hubli-Dharwad region is emerging as small and medium industries hub with more than a lakh small and medium industries.[10]

The Government of India has set up a Software Technology park on Pune-Bangalore Road or NH-4. The Government of Karnataka has set up Aryabhatta Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli, which is occupied by 7 IT and IT-services related companies. It also has a cotton mill which is the official producer of the Indian National Flag and is outsourced to the Government of India and Karnataka and to the Rest of the world.

Hubli is a developing industrial hub in Karnataka after Bangalore, with more than 1000 allied small and medium industries already established basically located in Gokul regions of Hubli. There are machine tools industries, electrical, steel furniture, food products, Pharma, rubber and leather industries and tanning industries. Hubli City is Home to the Asia's largest logistics firm, VRL Logistics. The city has a manufacturing unit of TATA Motors in Belur industrial area.

Major companies/industries present in Hubli are Tata Motors, Telcon, Tata Marcopolo, Kirloskar Group, Spicer India, JMT Auto ( I.A.L. International Auto Ltd.), Apex Auto, Hindustan Petroleum, Murdeshwar Ceramics, Weir-BDK, VRL Group, Sankalp Semiconductor, Universal Group of Industries and Microfinish Valves. Hero MotoCorp is set to invest Rs 1700 crore for its new manufacturing plant along with 40 ancillary units in Hubli-Dharwad.[11]

Trade[edit]

City of Hubli at night

The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products like cotton, groundnut and oilseeds, besides manganese ore and granite. The Cotton Market of Hubli is among the largest in India. City is commercial and having several large & small scale industries and textile business is more with good market to do business.

Transportation[edit]

Air

Hubli Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is the only Public sector airport in north karnataka. Currently, Spice Jet operates flights to Bangalore, Mumbai, Delhi, Jabalpur,Chennai and Singapore from Hubli. The airport is spread over 369 Acres and has one runway oriented 08/26, 1,670 metres in length. Its apron measures 13,500 square metres while the terminal building measures 368 square feet and can handle 150 passengers. The airport has basic Air Navigation and landing aids like PAPI and NDB. It also has a night landing facility. Expansion of the airport is under execution. Over 600 acres of land have been acquired and lent to the Airports Authority Of India for expansion of the runway, construction of a taxiway and construction of a second terminal in Phase-I of the expansion. The airport will be expanded to an international airport in phase-II.

Rail

Rani Chennamma Express at Hubli
South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli Railway Station

Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is also the divisional centre for the Hubli Division. Hubli is well connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several express and superfast trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore everyday. Hubli being an important railway junction has daily trains connecting with Bangalore, Bijapur, Solapur, Bellary, Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Ajmer, New Delhi, Nizamuddin, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Vasco, Vijayawada, Madgao, Mysore, Kakinada, Tirupathi, Chennai, Howrah, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram.

Road

Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral" Super highways, National Highway 4. Asian Highway 47 cuts through hubli. It also lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli - Humnabad). All These highways connect Hubli with many cities like Bangalore, Bijapur, Bagalkot, Chennai, Mangalore, Hyderabad, Pune, Mumbai, Panaji, Madgaon, Vasco, Karwar, Shirdi, Ahmedabad, Jodhpur, Pali, Tirupati, Gulbarga, etc. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Gokul Road, Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad as NWKRTC and Bendre Nagara Sarige (a consortium of private bus-owners) healthily compete to cater to the large number of daily commuters between Hubli and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities exist to every part of Karnataka and neighboring states and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and Bangalore, Mangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Nagpur, Chennai, Hyderabad, Pali, Jodhpur, Mysore, Panaji, Karwar etc.

MONORAIL

An upcoming Monorail project at Hubli city is set to boost the intercity transport. This will be first of its kind project in South India.[12]

Education[edit]

Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences

Hubli is well provided with pre-university, engineering colleges as well as universities.The city is blessed with 4 Universities and 2 deemed Universities and 200+ colleges providing quality education for students across North Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh and hence earned the name of 'Shikshana Kashi'. Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), formerly known as Karnataka Medical College, is a one of the most reputed medical college in India, other important medical colleges are SDM college of Medical Sciences and Hospital, KLE University's College of Pharmacy. One of the pristine universities-The Karnatak University is situated in Dharwad. There are many engineering colleges present in the city. B.V Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering, Also known as BVB is the one of the oldest college in Karnataka, KLE Institute of Technology, SDM College of Engineering and Technology are the major engineering colleges. Due to such a large cluster of learning centres,the twin cities are called the educational hub of North Karnataka.

BVB College of Engineering & Technology, HUBLI
P.C. Jabin College Heritage Building, HUBLI

Universities

Major Colleges

Media[edit]

Hubli is home to a number of dailies. Samyukta Karnataka, the oldest and most famous Kannada daily, started out in this very city and is headquartered at Koppikar Road. The twin cities have been the center for publishing newspapers and magazines. Famous dailies like The Times Of India, The Hindu, Deccan Herald, Prajawani, Vishwavani, Samyukta Karnataka, Indian Express, Horanadu, Kannada Prabha, Vijaya Karnataka, Sanjewani, Vishwavani and several weeklies like Prapancha are published from here. There is an All India Radio station in Dharwad. A High Power Television Transmitter is also located to meet the needs of the people and beams television programmes of the national channels to the north Karnataka region. There are several private and government libraries to cater to the reading needs of the public.

Culture And Society[edit]

Hubli-Dharwad is the cultural, educational and music capital of Karnataka.[13] It enjoys the rare distinction of having produced some of the most well-known Hindustani music exponents like Mallikarjun Mansur, atul Miskin Bhimsen Joshi, Gangubai Hangal and Basavaraj Rajguru. Two great poets of our time, D. R. Bendre and V. K. Gokak, are from Dharwad. Hubli-Dharwad is one of the most important centers for cultural, religious and social activities. Several institutions/ associations/ groups organize periodical exhibitions, recitals, dramas, conferences, seminars, etc., like the Federation Of Karnataka Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FKCCI), the North Karnatak Small Scale Industries Association, the Indian Medical Association, the Bar Association, the Chartered Accountants' Association, the Rotary Club, the Lions Club, the Giants Club, the Rotaract Club, the Inner Wheel Club, etc. There are charitable and social organizations like the Ganesh Utsav Samithis, ISKCON, Shri Shirdi Sai Baba Maha Mandal, Chinmaya Mission, Ramakrishna Mission, etc. There are students' associations like Akhila Bharatiya Vidya Parishat, NSUI, etc. Ganesh festival is celebrated in a grand manner. People from various places come here to see the Ganesh idols during the festival. People of many religions live together here, which makes Hubli-Dharwad colorful. Hubli is famous for having people of many different religions - Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Jains and Sikhs.

Poets D. R. Bendre and Patil Puttappa are some of the notable personalities belonging to Hubli-Dharwad.

Gangubai Hangal was a singer of the Khayal genre of Hindustani classical music. She was known for her deep and powerful voice. Hangal belonged to the Kirana gharana. She received some of India's highest civilian awards like Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan. In her memory, a vast music school has been established on Nrupatunga hill.

Tourism[edit]

Panoramic View of Hubli City from Nrupatunga Hill
Siddharooda mat, Hubli
Siddharoodha Math

A visit to the Siddharoodha Math is recommended to all tourists in Hubli-Dharwad. This math was established in memory of Shri Siddharoodha Swamy (1837-1929) who accepted Samadhi in 1929. It has been visited by several past luminaries like Lokamanya Gangadhar Tilak in 1929, Mahatma Gandhi in 1924, etc.

Chandramouleshwara Temple, Hubli, North Karnataka
Chandramouleshwara Temple

A temple of Chalukya times, it is dedicated to God Chandramouleshvara (another name of Shiva), with impressive architecture.

Nrupatunga Hill

This hill provides the residents of Hubli with a week-end getaway in the form of a park, which is very popular as a picnic spot.

Unkal Lake
Unkal Lake

A water body with a magnificent view of the sunset, this perfect picnic spot has a green garden, recreation for children, boating, etc. This lake is spread across 200 acres of land. At the centre of the lake is situated a statue of Swami Vivekananda that is the prime attraction of the lake. The lake also has hawkers.

Indira Gandhi Glass House Garden

This is a public garden maintained by the city municipality. It houses a large glass building - called the Glass House - resembling a similar structure with the same name in Lalbagh of Bangalore.

Navagraha Teertha

A Jain holy place, the Teertha has a 61-foot monolithic idol of Shri 1008 Bhagavan Parshwanath installed along with the statues of eight other Tirthankaras.

Gayatri Tapovan

Near Tadas, at 21 km on NH4 towards Bengalooru.

Gangubai Hanagal Memorial Musical Museum

At Deshpande nagar, it is open every Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm.

ISKCON Akshaya Paatra

At Rayapur, P. B. Road (Hubli-Dharwad Road)

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]