Huddersfield (UK Parliament constituency)

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Huddersfield
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Huddersfield in West Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Electorate 66,681 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Barry Sheerman (Labour Co-op)
Number of members One
Created from Huddersfield East
Huddersfield West
1832 (1832)1950 (1950)
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Huddersfield East
Huddersfield West
Created from Yorkshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Huddersfield Listeni/ˈhʌdərzˌfld/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Barry Sheerman of the Labour Co-operative Party (which denotes he is a member of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party, one of 30 current Labour MPs, and requires members to contribute practically to a cooperative business).[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency covers most of the large town of Huddersfield in West Yorkshire. The 2006 Boundary Commission report has suggested very little change to the complexion of the boundaries.

Constituency profile[edit]

Apart from four years tenure as MP by Geoffrey Dickens for Huddersfield West (1979-1983), the area (including its divided halves for the 33 years to 1983) has returned a Labour Party MP since 1945.

The constituency is currently held by the Labour Party, although the Liberal Democrats made inroads by coming second in the 2005 general election and hold nearly as many local council seats across the constituency. In the 2010 general election Karen Tween of the Conservative Party narrowed the incumbent's lead to a relatively average 4,472 votes and the new Liberal Democrat candidate slipped into third place.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1832 Lewis Fenton Whig
1834 by-election John Blackburne Whig
1837 by-election Edward Ellice Whig
1837 William Rookes Crompton Stansfield Whig
1853 by-election Viscount Goderich Whig
1857 Edward Akroyd Liberal
1859 Edward Aldam Leatham Liberal
1865 Thomas Pearson Crosland Liberal
1868 Edward Aldam Leatham Liberal
1886 William Summers Liberal
1893 by-election Sir Joseph Crosland Conservative
1895 Sir James Thomas Woodhouse Liberal
1906 by-election Arthur James Sherwell Liberal
1918 Sir Charles Sykes Coalition Liberal
1922 Sir Arthur Harold Marshall Liberal
1923 James Hindle Hudson Labour
1931 William Mabane Liberal/National Liberal[n 3]
1945 Joseph Mallalieu Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Huddersfield East and Huddersfield West
1983 constituency reconstituted
1983 Barry Sheerman Labour Co-operative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Huddersfield[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Barry Sheerman 15,725 38.8 -7.6
Conservative Karen Tweed 11,253 27.8 +6.7
Liberal Democrat James Blanchard 10,023 24.7 +0.6
Green Andrew Cooper 1,641 4.0 -0.6
BNP Rachel Firth 1,563 3.9 +0.9
TUSC Paul Cooney[5] 319 0.8
Majority 4,472 11.0
Turnout 40,524 61.1 +4.5
Labour Co-op hold Swing −7.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Huddersfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Barry Sheerman 16,341 46.8 −6.4
Liberal Democrat Emma Bone 7,990 22.9 +7.9
Conservative David Meacock 7,597 21.7 −3.2
Green Julie Stewart-Turner 1,651 4.7 +1.2
BNP Karl Hanson 1,036 3.0 N/A
Independent Theresa Quarmby 325 0.9 N/A
Majority 8,351 23.9
Turnout 34,940 56.6 +1.6
Labour Co-op hold Swing −7.1
General Election 2001: Huddersfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Barry Sheerman 18,840 53.2 −3.2
Conservative Paul Baverstock 8,794 24.9 +3.9
Liberal Democrat Neil Bentley 5,300 15.0 −2.2
Green John Phillips 1,254 3.5 +1.4
UKIP Judith Longman 613 1.7 N/A
Socialist Alliance Graham Hellawell 374 1.1 N/A
Socialist Labour George Randall 208 0.6 N/A
Majority 10,046 28.3
Turnout 35,383 55.0 −12.7
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Huddersfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Barry Sheerman 25,171 56.5
Conservative Bill Forrow 9,323 20.9
Liberal Democrat Gordon Beever 7,642 17.2
Referendum Party P McNulty 1,480 3.3
Green J Phillips 938 2.1 N/A
Majority 15,848
Turnout 67.0
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1992: Huddersfield[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Barry Sheerman 23,832 48.7 +2.9
Conservative Miss JM Kenyon 16,574 33.9 +2.5
Liberal Democrat Mrs AE Denham 7,777 15.9 −5.6
Green NAL Harvey 576 1.2 −0.1
Natural Law M Cran 135 0.3 +0.3
Majority 7,258 14.8 +0.3
Turnout 48,894 72.4 −3.2
Labour Co-op hold Swing +0.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Huddersfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Barry Sheerman 23,019 45.88
Conservative NJ Hawkins 15,741 31.37
Liberal J Smithson 10,773 21.47
Green NAL Harvey 638 1.27
Majority 7,278 14.51
Turnout 75.54
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1983: Huddersfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Barry Sheerman 20,051 41.39
Conservative J Tweddle 16,096 33.23
Liberal KJL Hasler 12,027 24.83
Independent H Hirst 271 0.56
Majority 3,955 8.16
Turnout 71.06
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 87,513

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lt. Joseph Percival William Mallalieu 33,362 48.3 +9.1
Liberal National Rt Hon. William Mabane 24,496 35.5 -25.3
Liberal Roy Forbes Harrod 11,119 16.2 +16.2
Majority 8,866 12.8
Turnout 78.4 +5.2
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing +17.2

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Liberal National: William Mabane, Labour: Joseph Mallalieu, Liberal: Elliott Dodds.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935

Electorate 83,103

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National William Mabane 37,009 60.8 -9.3
Labour William Pickles 23,844 39.2 +9.3
Majority 21.6
Turnout 73.2 -10.1
Liberal National hold Swing -9.3
General Election 1931

Electorate 80,492

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Mabane 47,056 70.1 +38.5
Labour James Hindle Hudson 20,034 29.9 -8.4
Majority 27,022 40.2
Turnout 83.3 -2.7
Liberal gain from Labour Swing +23.5

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 78,635

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Hindle Hudson 25,966 38.3 +2.0
Liberal William Mabane 21,398 31.6 -0.1
Unionist Sir Enoch Hill 20,361 30.1 -1.9
Majority 4,568 6.7 +2.4
Turnout 86.1 -2.4
Labour hold Swing +1.0
General Election 1924

Electorate 59,176

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Hindle Hudson 19,010 36.3 -0.4
Unionist Enoch Hill 16,745 32.0 +5.3
Liberal Sir Arthur Harold Marshall 16,626 31.7 -4.9
Majority 2,265 4.3 4.2
Turnout 88.5 +6.6
Labour hold Swing -2.8
General Election 1923

Electorate 58,029

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Hindle Hudson 17,430 36.7 +3.2
Liberal Sir Arthur Harold Marshall 17,404 36.6 +2.6
Unionist C Tinker 12,694 26.7 +26.7
Majority 26 0.1
Turnout 81.9 -1.2
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +0.3
General Election 1922

Electorate 56,243

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Arthur Harold Marshall 15,879 34.0 +5.3
Labour James Hindle Hudson 15,673 33.5 +1.0
National Liberal Sir Charles Sykes 15,212 32.5 -6.3
Majority 206 0.5 11.6
Turnout 83.1 +13.3
Liberal gain from National Liberal Swing +5.8

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir Charles Sykes
General Election 1918

Electorate 56,200

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal 15,234 38.8
Labour Harry Snell 12,737 32.5
Liberal Ernest Woodhead 11,256 28.7
Majority 2,497 6.3
Turnout 69.8
Coalition Liberal hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.[7]

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910 Huddersfield[8]

Electorate 19,021

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur James Sherwell 6,458 37.5
Conservative Joseph Henry Kaye 5,777 33.5
Labour Harry Snell 4,988 29.0
Majority
Turnout 90.5
Liberal hold Swing
Harry Snell
General Election January 1910 Huddersfield[8]

Electorate 19,021

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur James Sherwell 7,158
Labour Harry Snell 5,686
Conservative Harold Smith 5,153
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Huddersfield by-election, 1906[8]

Electorate 17,568

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur James Sherwell 5,762 36.0 -2.2
Labour T. Russell Williams 5,422 33.8 -1.4
Conservative John Foster Fraser 4,844 30.2 +3.6
Majority 340 2.2 -0.8
Turnout 91.2 -2.8
Liberal hold Swing +0.4
General Election 1906 Huddersfield[8]

Electorate 17,568

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir James Thomas Woodhouse 6,302 38.2
Labour T. Russell Williams 5,813 35.2
Conservative John Foster Fraser 4,391 26.6
Majority 489 3.0
Turnout 94.0
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1900 Huddersfield[8]

Electorate 16,770

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir James Thomas Woodhouse 7,896 53.6 +6.1
Conservative Edward Hildred Carlile 6,831 46.4 +5.1
Majority 1,065 7.2 +1.0
Turnout 87.8
Liberal hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Sir James Woodhouse
General Election 1895: Huddersfield [8]

Electorate 15,832

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir James Thomas Woodhouse 6,755 47.5
Conservative Sir Joseph Crosland 5,868 41.3
Ind. Labour Party Hyman Russell Smart 1,594 11.2
Majority 687 6.2
Turnout 89.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Huddersfield by-election, 1893[8]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Joseph Crosland
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1892: Huddersfield [8]

Electorate 15,466

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Summers 7,098 50.9
Conservative Sir Joseph Crosland 6,837 49.1
Majority 1.8
Turnout 90.1 +8.5
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Huddersfield [8]

Electorate 14,991

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Summers 6,210 50.8 -2.1
Conservative Joseph Crosland 6,026 49.2 +2.1
Majority 184 1.6 -4.2
Turnout 81.6
Liberal hold Swing -2.1
General Election 1885: Huddersfield [8]

Electorate 14,991

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Aldam Leatham 6,960 52.9
Conservative Joseph Crosland 6,194 47.1
Majority 4.8
Turnout 87.7
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Mabane's exact party label was confused for much of his time in the Commons before becoming Lord Mabane (first Baron). His local Liberal association was affiliated to the official Liberals until 1939, but Mabane was frequently listed as being a National Liberal, which he repeatedly sought to deny, despite supporting the National Government when the official Liberals ceased to.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Huddersfield
  4. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Huddersfield". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  5. ^ http://www.tusc.org.uk/candidates.php
  6. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)