Hudson, Ohio

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Coordinates: 41°14′23″N 81°26′27″W / 41.2398397°N 81.4407840°W / 41.2398397; -81.4407840

Hudson, Ohio
City
View of Hudson from Veteran's Way bridge
View of Hudson from Veteran's Way bridge
Location in Ohio
Location in Ohio
Location within Summit County, Ohio
Location within Summit County, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°14′23″N 81°26′27″W / 41.23972°N 81.44083°W / 41.23972; -81.44083
Country United States
State Ohio
County Summit
Settled 1799
Incorporated 1837
Village/Township Merger 1994
Founded by David Hudson
Named for David Hudson
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Council President Hal DeSaussure[1]
 • City Manager Jane Howington
 • Mayor William A. Currin
Area[2]
 • Total 25.87 sq mi (67.00 km2)
 • Land 25.60 sq mi (66.30 km2)
 • Water 0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
Elevation 1,066 ft (325 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 22,262
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 22,323
 • Density 869.6/sq mi (335.8/km2)
 • Demonym Hudsonite
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 44236
Area code(s) 330, 234
Twin cities
 • Landsberg am Lech  Germany
FIPS code 39-36651[5]
GNIS feature ID 1048857[6]
Website http://www.hudson.oh.us

Hudson is a city in Summit County, Ohio, United States. The population was 22,262 at the 2010 census. It is an exurban community and is part of the Akron, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is also part of the larger Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The city is named after its founder, David Hudson,[7] who settled there from Goshen, Connecticut in 1799, when it was part of the Connecticut Western Reserve.

The Underground Railroad passed through Hudson, and the town was the childhood home of John Brown after his family moved there in 1805.

James Ellsworth and his wealth helped modernize Hudson in the early twentieth century. His son, Lincoln Ellsworth, was a polar explorer, and also the only Hudsonite ever featured on a U.S. postage stamp.

Dante Lavelli, a Pro Football Hall of Fame member, played for Hudson High School's football team.

Ian Frazier, an author and contributor to The New Yorker, is a Western Reserve Academy graduate and Hudsonite.

On November 28, 1973, a large area of the village, "roughly bounded by College, Streetsboro, S. Main, and Baldwin" streets, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Hudson Historic District. The historic district was expanded on October 10, 1989, to also include the area "roughly bounded by Hudson St., Old Orchard Dr., Aurora St., Oviatt St., Streetsboro St., and College St. to Aurora (street)". In addition to the Hudson Historic District, there are several additional properties in Hudson listed on the Register.[8]

In November 2002, Hudson was the first community in the U.S. to launch a citywide electronic gift card. The card was introduced by the Hudson Chamber of Commerce to help stimulate and keep shopping dollars with the independent merchants in town. (See TV news coverage.)

In July 2003, heavy, constant rains led to minor to severe floods in Hudson. Two Hudson residents died during these floods.

In 2010, the city was named as one of the 100 Best Communities for Young People by America's Promise. The award was based on the city's "Community First" organization that was developed in the 1990s to combat drug use and school dropouts and to promote better choices in the city's youth by providing additional educational and cultural opportunities.[9]

Geography[edit]

North Main Street, with the landmark clock tower visible to the right
North Main Street
Howard Hanna and US Bank

Hudson is located in northeastern Summit County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.87 square miles (67.00 km2), of which, 25.60 square miles (66.30 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.[2]

Neighbors[edit]

Hudson's neighbors are, starting at the northern corporate boundary and proceeding clockwise:

Watersheds[edit]

Hudson's surface water flows into five major watersheds. The three most prominent are Brandywine Creek, Mud Brook, and Tinkers Creek. A small part of the western edge of town drains into the Cuyahoga River, and the southeastern corner of the city drains into Fish Creek.[10]

ZIP codes[edit]

Hudson is covered by United States Postal Service ZIP code 44236. According to the Postal Service, 44237 is allocated to the Allstate Insurance Company as a unique ZIP Code.[11] While not listed in the USPS's online ZIP Code search, 44238 is also a unique ZIP code given to the Mid-Continent Telephone Co. (now known as Windstream Communications).[12]

Communication[edit]

Hudson lies within the 330/234 area code overlay. Until 1998, Area Code 216 also included Hudson. The following telephone exchanges are used within the 44236 ZIP code: 650, 653, 655, 656, 342, 528, and 463.[13] Hudson falls within both the Cleveland and Akron LATAs (Local Calling Areas), and therefore has local calling privileges to both areas.

Cable television in Hudson is provided by Time Warner Cable. Hudson was formerly part of the Adelphia Western Reserve system.

Transportation[edit]

Ohio's State Route 303, State Route 91, and State Route 8 pass through Hudson. Interstate 480 cuts through the extreme northeast corner of the city, and Interstate 80, the Ohio Turnpike, bisects the city from west to east.

Hudson, unlike many surrounding communities, has retained two-lane roadways in much of its downtown. This has helped preserve the open spaces, historical buildings, and trees that the city values. However, this can also significantly lengthen the amount of time commuters spend in the downtown area. There are some services from Metro RTA. and much of Hudson is accessible by foot or bike.

Education[edit]

The chapel of Western Reserve Academy
Hudson High School

Public education is provided by the Hudson City School District. The largest school in the district is Hudson High School.

There are also many private schools in the area. Seton Catholic School is one. Founded in 1962, Hudson Montessori School is the 13th oldest Montessori school in the United States. Hudson is the original home of what would become Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland and remains home to the Western Reserve Academy, a coeducational boarding and day college preparatory school housed on the original campus of Western Reserve College.

Government[edit]

From 1837 to 1994, the area that is now the City of Hudson was in two parts, the Village of Hudson and Hudson Township. In 1994, voters approved a merger uniting the city.

Council, mayor, and city manager[edit]

Today, the city is governed by a seven-member city council. There are four council representatives representing the four wards in Hudson, and three representatives at-large.[14] Hudson has a council-manager government. At present, the Council President is Hal DeSaussure.[1] The current City Manager is Jane Howington. The current Mayor is the honorable William A. Currin.

Hudson Cable Television[edit]

In 1996, Hudson Cable Television, a Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channel network debuted. Station facilities are located in Hudson High School. The network serves Hudson residents by providing equipment, facilities, and technical support for Public-access television programming. Hudson Cable TV, or HCTV, also produces original programming of its own. Government-access television (GATV) meetings, such as those of the Council of the City of Hudson and the Hudson Board of Education, are recorded and broadcast to cable TV subscribers within the Hudson area. Hudson High School sport events, community music performances, and lectures are often recorded by Hudson Cable Television or public-access television users.

Business[edit]

The Hudson Acme, after hours

Commercial and industrial[edit]

Hudson was once home to General Motors Euclid Division, Terex. Today, the headquarters of Jo-Ann Stores are located in the former Terex plant.

Other notable businesses located in Hudson:

  • MGA Entertainment's brand Little Tikes. On September 11, 2006, it was announced that the brand would be sold by Newell Rubbermaid.[15]
  • The Flood Company, sold to AkzoNobel, Moved to Strongsville, Ohio in October 2008. Operations combined with AkzoNobel US HQ formally known as ICI Paint.[16]
  • Allstate
  • Jo-Ann Fabric and Craft Stores (also known as Jo-Ann Fabrics) is headquartered in Hudson. Jo-Ann operates 751 stores in 48 states, plus its Web site, Joann.com. Its three distribution centers are located in Hudson, Ohio; Visalia, California; and Opelika, Alabama.[17]
  • Windstream Communications, Inc. (previously Alltel, Western Reserve Telephone Company, Mid-Continent Telephone Company)
  • LeafFilter Gutter Protection, (also known as LeafFilter North, Inc.) is headquartered in Hudson. LeafFilter operates 22 locations across the United States. A recipient of the Inc 5000 and Weatherhead 100, LeafFilter is one of Northeast Ohio's largest businesses.[18]

Retail[edit]

The "First and Main" shopping district

Most of Hudson's retail outlets are located in concentrated areas. Most notable are the two downtown blocks of historic buildings located on North Main Street. The original center of business in Hudson, the stores and offices located "downtown" still stand today in continued commercial use.

In 1962, the first part of the Hudson Plaza shopping center opened on West Streetsboro Street. It has always been anchored by the Acme grocery store, which moved there from its former location on North Main Street. Expansions of the plaza continued through the 1990s. A unique McDonald's restaurant, resembling a house, opened in 1985. The original building, housing Acme, was extensively renovated in 2000.

Most of the remaining retail is located along Darrow Road, about one mile (1.6 km) south of the center of town. These are additional small retail plazas and freestanding buildings.

2004 marked the opening of First & Main, a mixed-use development just west of North Main Street. The Hudson Library & Historical Society relocated here in 2005.

Dining[edit]

Much of Hudson's dining is centralized downtown. Hudson contains dozens of restaurants that encompass many different styles of food.

Culture and religion[edit]

Christ Church Episcopal in downtown Hudson

In 1984, Hudson and Landsberg am Lech, Bavaria, Germany, became sister cities.[19]

There are many churches and other places of worship in Hudson. There are several Christian denominations present, including the Episcopal Church, United Church of Christ, Lutheran, Christian Science, Presbyterian, United Methodist, Anglican, and Roman Catholic, and non-denominational congregations as well as a Jewish temple.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Hudson Springs Park

The Hudson Park Board oversees more than one thousand acres (4 km²) of parkland in the city.[20] The most prominent property is Hudson Springs Park, which has a lake, a walking trail, a disc golf course, and docks. Cascade Park, Barlow Farm Park, and Colony Park are large neighborhood parks used for sports and general family recreation. Other properties, such as Doc's Woods, MacLaren Woods, Trumbull Woods, and Bicentennial Woods, are kept as forested nature preserves. The first Hudson Park, Wildlife Woods, is actually located west of the city in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park.

On multiple occasions, High Point Park has been the subject of criminal mischief in the Hudson Hub, a local newspaper. In 2000, the park's natural gas well was set on fire and contributed to a blaze that scorched 1-2 acres of grassland. Three juveniles were charged with arson. The park has also been home to some of the largest tree houses in Ohio. Police have dismantled three forts colloquially known as "moon towers," each standing in excess of 40 feet (12 m) and visible from Google Earth.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,143
1900 933 −18.4%
1910 1,031 10.5%
1920 1,134 10.0%
1930 1,324 16.8%
1940 1,417 7.0%
1950 1,538 8.5%
1960 2,438 58.5%
1970 3,933 61.3%
1980 4,612 17.3%
1990 5,159 11.9%
2000 22,439 334.9%
2010 22,262 −0.8%
Est. 2012 22,323 0.3%
Sources:[22][23][24][25][5][26]

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $112,740, and the median income for a family was $128,727.[27] Males had a median income of $87,169 versus $38,226 for females. The per capita income for the city was $40,915. About 1.3% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

Of the city's population over the age of 25, 68.0% held a bachelor's degree or higher.[28]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 22,262 people, 7,620 households, and 6,301 families residing in the city. The population density was 869.6 inhabitants per square mile (335.8/km2). There were 8,002 housing units at an average density of 312.6 per square mile (120.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 1.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 7,620 households of which 43.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.9% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 17.3% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.21.

The median age in the city was 42.5 years. 30.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.5% were from 25 to 44; 34% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[5] there were 22,439 people, 7,357 households, and 6,349 families residing in the city. The population density was 876.9 people per square mile (338.6/km²). There were 7,636 housing units at an average density of 298.4 per square mile (115.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.65% White, 2.82% Asian, 1.48% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.20% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 7,357 households out of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.7% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 12.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.30. In the city, the population dispersal was 33.5% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

Historical census population figures[edit]

Number of Township and Village residents:

  • 1950: 2,877
  • 1960: 4,977
  • 1970: 8,395
  • 1980: 12,643
  • 1990: 17,128[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Freeman, Laura (2 February 2014). "COUNCIL PRESIDENT APPOINTS MEMBER LIAISON ASSIGNMENTS FOR 2014, 2015". Hudson Hub-Times (Record-Courier). Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 162. 
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  9. ^ "Hudson, Ohio". AmericasPromise.org. 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.hudson.oh.us/departments/ISGIS/maps/MajorWatersheds_11x17.pdf City of Hudson Major Watersheds. City of Hudson, Department of Public Works, GIS Division. retrieved July 9, 2006.
  11. ^ http://www.usps.com United States Postal Service
  12. ^ 44238
  13. ^ http://www.telcodata.us/telcodata/coinfo?clli=HDSNOHXA Telcodata. US Central Office Information, retrieved July 9, 2006.
  14. ^ http://www.hudson.oh.us/government/council/index.asp Council of the City of Hudson.
  15. ^ http://www.mgae.com/press_releases/press_releases.asp MGA Entertainment press release. retrieved September 12, 2006.
  16. ^ http://www.flood.com/Flood/DIY/AboutFlood/CompanyHistory.htm Flood Company History. retrieved July 9, 2006.
  17. ^ http://www.joann.com/joann/common/content_corporate.jsp?catName=factSheet
  18. ^ LeafFilter Gutter Protection#Recognition
  19. ^ http://www.hudson.oh.us/profile/sistercity.asp City of Hudson: Sister City. retrireved July 9, 2006.
  20. ^ http://www.hudson.oh.us/elements/parks%20brochure.pdf Hudson Parks brochure. retrieved July 9, 2006.
  21. ^ "Google Earth". Google. 
  22. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  26. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  27. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US3922694&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US39%7C16000US3922694&_street=&_county=hudson&_cityTown=hudson&_state=04000US39&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  28. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/3936651.html
  29. ^ Caccamo, James F. The Story of Hudson Ohio. Hudson, Ohio: The Friends of the Hudson Library, Inc. 1995. p. 43

External links[edit]