Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project

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Hudson Yards
Artist's impression of Phase One of Hudson Yards.
Location Bounded by 30th Street, Twelfth Avenue, 34th Street, and Tenth Avenue
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates 40°45′17″N 74°00′14″W / 40.754661°N 74.003783°W / 40.754661; -74.003783Coordinates: 40°45′17″N 74°00′14″W / 40.754661°N 74.003783°W / 40.754661; -74.003783
Status Under construction
Groundbreaking December 2012
Estimated completion 2015–18
Architect Kohn Pederson Fox (master planner)
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Tutor Perini Building Corp. (contractor)
Developer The Related Companies L.P.
Oxford Properties Group Inc.
Technical details
Cost US$20 billion
Buildings 10, 15, 30, 35, 50, 55 Hudson Yards, and Culture Shed in phase 1; residential buildings and a school in phase 2; Hudson Park, Square, and Mall; 7 Subway Extension
Size 26 to 28 acres (11 to 11 ha)
Developer's original conception of the completed project, as of 2011
West Side Yard, site of the Hudson Yards project

The Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project is a joint venture by the New York City Department of City Planning and Metropolitan Transportation Authority to encourage development on Manhattan's far West Side along the Hudson River in Manhattan, New York City. The project includes a rezoning of the Far West Side into a new neighborhood called Hudson Yards, an extension of the New York City Subway's 7 <7> trains to the area's eponymous subway station at 11th Avenue, and a renovation of the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center.

The centerpiece of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project is the Hudson Yards neighborhood, a 26-to-28-acre (10.5 to 11.3 ha)[1][2] mixed-use real estate development by Related Companies and Oxford Properties. The new construction is supposedly the largest ever of its kind.[3] According to its master plan, created by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates, Hudson Yards is expected to consist of 16 skyscrapers containing more than 12,700,000 square feet (1,180,000 m2) of new office, residential, and retail space. Among its components will be six million square feet (560,000 m2) of commercial office space, a 750,000-square-foot (70,000 m2) retail center with two levels of restaurants, cafes, markets and bars, a hotel, a cultural space, about 5,000 residences, a 750-seat school, and 14 acres (5.7 ha) of public open space.[4]

The project was developed after the city lost its bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics and then decided not to build the proposed West Side Stadium for the New York Jets over the MTA's John D. Caemmerer West Side Yard. Hudson Yards broke ground on December 4, 2012; the first tower, an 895-foot (273 m) office building in the southeast corner of the site, is expected to be complete in 2015.[5]

The development is bordered on the east by Seventh and Eighth Avenues, on the south by West 28th and 30th Streets on the south, on the north by West 43rd Street, and on the west by Hudson River Park and the Hudson River.[6] It is expected to cost more than US$20 billion[7] and may eventually see 65,000 visitors a day.[8]


In January 2005, the New York City Council approved the rezoning of about 60 blocks from 28th to 43rd Streets;[9] in 2009, after the stadium failed to win state approval, the West Side Yard was similarly rezoned. As rezoned, the Hudson Yards area will have 25,800,000 square feet (2,400,000 m2) of Class A office space, 20,000 housing units, two million square feet (190,000 m2) of hotel space, a 750-seat public school, one million square feet (93,000 m2) of retail and more than 20 acres (8 ha) of public open space.[10]

In May 2010, the MTA leased the air rights over the railyard for 99 years to a joint venture of Related Companies and Oxford Properties Group, which will build a platform above both the eastern and western portions of the yard on which to construct the buildings.[11]

In April 2013, the Related/Oxford joint venture obtained a $475 million construction loan from parties including Barry Sternlicht's Starwood Capital Group and luxury retailer Coach. The financing deal was unique in several aspects, including the fact that it included a construction mezzanine loan, that Coach was a lender on both the debt and equity sides,[12] and that the MTA helped create the "severable lease" structure that allowed for the loans.

In February 2015, the Chetrit Group, headed by Meyer and Joseph Chetrit, announced that it wanted to spend US$29 million to expand the Hudson Yards development site by 373,068 square feet (34,659.2 m2). It would add about 200,000 square feet (19,000 m2) of space to a site between 11th Avenue, 37th and 38th Streets, and Hudson Boulevard that previously allowed 173,000 square feet (16,100 m2) of retail space. A buyer would be able to split the space between two buildings.[13]

Construction phases[edit]

The Hudson Yards project is expected to develop over the existing at-grade West Side Yard, allowing LIRR trains to continue to be stored during midday hours. The 26.17-acre (10.59 ha) land parcel is bordered by 30th Street and Chelsea on the south, Twelfth Avenue on the west, 33rd Street and Hell's Kitchen on the north, and Tenth Avenue on the east. Eleventh Avenue runs through the site, and will split the redevelopment project into two phases. To minimize construction impact on the LIRR's ability to store trains during midday and peak hours, caissons will be drilled into bedrock throughout much of the site, over which a platform will be built.[14] However, only 38% of the ground level at West Side Yard will be filled in with columns to support the development.[15]

Phase 1[edit]

Main articles: 10 Hudson Yards and 30 Hudson Yards

Phase 1, the eastern phase, is to contain two office towers on Tenth Avenue, plus a retail podium between them. The southern tower, the 52-story, 895-foot (273 m) 10 Hudson Yards, is expected to open in 2015, anchored by Coach Inc. The building, for which ground was broken on December 4, 2012, was the first of the Hudson Yards buildings to begin construction, because it is not being built over railroad tracks. It will, however, straddle the High Line spur to Tenth Avenue.[16] The tower is expected to receive LEED certification.[17] The other tower, the 80-story, 1,337-foot (408 m) 30 Hudson Yards, is designed by Kohn Pederson Fox with an observation deck. Construction will begin after caissons are sunk to support a platform over the tracks, the latter of which will be raised 12 to 27 feet (4 to 8 m) above ground level and be level with the High Line.[1] Related Companies officials expect the tower to be occupied in 2018.[18] Bordering Eleventh Avenue are two mixed-use buildings, 15 Hudson Yards and 35 Hudson Yards, which were previously known as the D and E Towers, respectively. 15 Hudson Yards will be connected to a semi-permanent structure, a performance and arts space known as the Culture Shed.[19]

The eastern platform, supporting the towers, will comprise 16 bridges.[20] The platform for the Eastern Rail Yard is to be completed in October 2015, and the western platform will be completed by 2016.[21]

In Phase 1, there will also be 100 shops and 20 restaurants inside a proposed 7-story mall.[1] The mall has 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) of space, including 750,000 square feet (70,000 m2) in retail, immediately to the north of 10 Hudson Yards, possibly including department stores and a movie theater. The retail space will be designed by Elkus Manfredi Architects.[22] In September 2014, Neiman Marcus was signed to become the anchor tenant of the Hudson Yards Retail Space, which will open in 2018; the store will occupy the top 3 levels and 14 of the mall, or 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2).[23] Fairway, a locally-based grocer, is expected to build a store in the lower floors of the building, occupying 45,875 square feet (4,262 m2).[24][25]

There will also be a 6-acre (2 ha) public square on the platform.[1] The square's architecture was conceived by Nelson Byrd Woltz and Heatherwick Studios. The plaza's southern side will have a "canopy" of trees. The southeast entrance will contain a water fountain as well. A "'seasonally expressive' entry garden" will be located at the subway entrance at 33rd Street.[21] The public square will be a ventilation area for the West Side Yards, as well as a storm water runoff site. Storm water that runs off into the square will be reused.[21]

All buildings in Phase 1 are expected to get a LEED Gold certification.[21]

Phase 2[edit]

When the West Side Yard was built in the mid-1980s, space was left between the tracks to allow for columns supporting an overbuild. The area pictured will be where Phase 2 of the project will be built.

The western phase of the project is to contain up to seven residential towers, an office building at 33rd Street and Eleventh Avenue tentatively known as "West Tower", and a school serving Pre-K to eighth grade students.[21] The third phase of the High Line will traverse Phase 2 of the project.[19] The entire project, including Phase 2, could be complete by 2024.[4]

Adjacent developments[edit]

The new subway station in December 2013
Existing 450 West 33rd Street building in Manhattan West, home to the Associated Press
30th Street staging area for construction equipment and materials

In 2003, as part of the project, the New York City Department of City Planning issued a master plan that envisioned the creation of a network of open space between Ninth Avenue and Tenth Avenue to create a park system from West 39th Street to West 34th Street, portions of which would be located along the Dyer Avenue/Lincoln Tunnel Expressway corridor.[26]

In 2007, the New York City government had announced its intent to extend the 7 <7> trains to the 34th Street subway station under Eleventh Avenue, adjacent to the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, to help facilitate development on the air rights of the West Side Yard; the extension was originally part of New York City's bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics. While the tracks extend to 26th Street, a station is only to be built at 34th Street; formerly, there was to be another station at Tenth Avenue and 41st Street. The extension is expected to be completed in February 2015,[27] and will connect to nearby buildings and developments, including 30 Hudson Yards[18] and the Hudson Park and Boulevard.[28] The station's main entrance, escalators and an elevator on the west side of Hudson Park and Boulevard between 33rd and 34th Streets, will be at the foot of 55 Hudson Yards, and is just half a block away from the project's northern edge.[29]

Hudson Boulevard and Park, a four-acre system of parks and roads[30] is currently under construction north of the Hudson Yards site, extending from 33rd Street to 39th Street, mid-block between Tenth Avenue and Eleventh Avenue. The boulevard is to be split into two, with a Hudson Boulevard East and a Hudson Boulevard West. The park is to serve as a median.[31]

The Hudson Yards redevelopment project further catalyzed plans to build new buildings along the future Hudson Boulevard. Among these are 3 Hudson Boulevard, located on 34th Street and Eleventh Avenue, which was formerly known as The GiraSole. Not originally in its Hudson Yards concept, Related Companies seeks to build two new office buildings north of the site, including on the footprint of the current headquarters of Coach, Inc.. These towers are tentatively known as 50 Hudson Yards and 55 Hudson Yards.[32][33] The 55 Hudson Yards building will start construction in January 2015, and it is expected to be opened by late 2017, finishing earlier than 30 and 35 Hudson Yards.[34] On the east side of Tenth Avenue in Manhattan West, Brookfield Properties announced its intent to develop over the trackage that leads to the New York Penn Station. To facilitate construction and to build a public plaza, Brookfield Properties announced that it would use prefabricated parts to build a platform, over which its two office towers would rest upon and over which a public plaza would be built.[35]

In 2013, Amtrak announced it would build a "tunnel box" through the project areas to reserve the space for a future rail right-of-way such as the proposed Gateway Project.[36][37][38] Construction began September 2013 and is expected to take two years.[39] The underground concrete casing is 800 ft (240 m) long, 50 ft (15 m) wide, and approximately 35 ft (11 m) tall.[40]

In early 2014, real estate firm Massey Knakal announced a conceptual supertall with a 1.22 million square feet capacity and 108 stories that would soar over 1,800 feet on the north side of 34th Street between Hudson Boulevard and Tenth Avenue in order to show the potential of a site that it intended to sell.[41] Dubbed Hudson Spire and designed by MJM+A architects, it would be the tallest tower in the Western Hemisphere if completed. The site was later purchased by Tishman Speyer on April 30, 2014, along with two adjacent properties for a total space of 2.85 million square feet.[42][43] It is unclear, however, if Tishman would pursue the construction of Hudson Spire as conceptualized.

In late 2014, the final phase of the High Line, an elevated park using the former right-of-way of the southern portion of the West Side Line, opened. It enters the Hudson Yards site and curves along 30th Street, Twelve Avenue and 34th Street, with a spur (dubbed "The Spur") along 30th Street to Tenth Avenue. Related Companies intends to integrate the High Line with its buildings; for example, 10 Hudson Yards cantilevers over The Spur.[15] Dubbed "High Line at the Rail Yards", the section will be built in three phases. The right-of-way from 30th Street will be extended into the Hudson Yards site, running parallel to 30th Street past Eleventh Avenue, and developed in a manner similar to the opened sections of the park. The Spur along 30th Street is slated to get an amphitheater, restrooms, trees and grasses above Tenth Avenue.[44] Finally, the curved section around the western part of Hudson Yards will be developed as an "interim walkway", with further construction in 2015.[45]

Technological advances[edit]

The development will be technologically advanced, in that all sorts of data will be collected within the buildings using sensors and other data-collecting instruments.[4][46] Among the innovations will be:

  • Air quality monitoring[46]
  • Heat mapping to track crowd size and energy usage[4]
  • Opt-in mobile apps to help collect data about users' health and activities[46]
  • Pedestrian and vehicular traffic monitoring[46]
  • Sensors collecting data about noise levels and energy and water usage[4]
  • Energy savings using a microgrid[46]
  • Organic and solid waste collection and recycling using 45 miles per hour (72 km/h) pneumatic tubes installed by Envac; garbage trucks will not be used.[47]

New York University's Center for Urban Science and Progress is designing the infrastructure, with the developers of Hudson Yards. Fiber loops connected to satellite dishes on rooftops, to transponders, and to two-way radios will create a network covering the 14 acres (6 ha) of open space as well as 17,000,000 square feet (1,600,000 m2) of commercial space.[46] The technology is designed to be adaptable — updates to infrastructure will be performed as new technological advances are made.[4]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d "Hudson Yards developers give update on project". AM New York. August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Time-Lapse Video of the Hudson Yards Real Estate Development After Two Years. Incredible". Huffington Post. August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ "New New York: ‘Building a neighborhood from scratch’ at Hudson Yards". PIX11. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Volpe, Joseph (May 7, 2014). "New York's next big neighborhood is its smartest". Engadget. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ "10 Hudson Yards Availabilities | Hudson Yards". 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-05-09. 
  6. ^ "Mayor Bloomberg, MTA Officials, and local leaders take first ride on 7 Subway Train Extension". December 20, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2014. Hudson Yards is defined as the area bounded by Seventh and Eighth Avenues (East), West 28th/30th Streets (South), West 43rd Street (North) and Hudson River Park (West). 
  7. ^ "New York's New $20 Billion Neighborhood Of Skyscrapers Is Designed With Millennials In Mind". Fast Company. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  8. ^ Adamczyk, Alicia (16 December 2014). "Hudson Yards Takes Shape: New York's Newest Neighborhood Is Moving Full-Speed Ahead". Forbes. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Purnick, Joyce (January 2, 2005). "What Rises in the West? Uncertainty". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  10. ^ Bagli, Charles V. (December 21, 2009). "Rezoning Will Allow Railyard Project to Advance". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  11. ^ "MTA Finalizes Hudson Yards Deal". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 26, 2010. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  12. ^ Samtani, Hiten (August 13, 2013). "Anatomy of a deal: Inside Related/Oxford’s unusual financing of Hudson Yards". The Real Deal. Retrieved 2014-03-19. 
  13. ^ "Chetrit to pay $29M to double size of Hudson Yards site". The Real Deal. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  14. ^ Nick Stockton (March 24, 2014). "A Plan to Build Skyscrapers That Barely Touch the Ground". Wired. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b 10 Hudson Yards fact sheet
  16. ^ Fedak, Nikolai (December 13, 2013). "Construction Update: 10 Hudson Yards". New York YIMBY. Retrieved May 12, 2014. 
  17. ^ "10 Hudson Yards Building Plan | Hudson Yards". 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  18. ^ a b "30 Hudson Yards Connects to New No 7 Subway Station | Hudson Yards". 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  19. ^ a b "The Master Plan - 17 Million Square Foot Mixed Use Development | Hudson Yards". 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-05-09. 
  20. ^ "Hudson Yards Set to Alter Skyline, Transform Neighborhood". Chelsea Now. February 6, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c d e "Progress Report: Hudson Yards". Chelsea Now. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  22. ^ Voien, Guelda (1 January 2014). "Hudson Yards retail gets underway, with construction and marketing set to begin at Far West Side site this month". The Real Deal. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  23. ^ Morris, Keiko (3 September 2014). "Hudson Yards Signs Neiman Marcus". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  24. ^ 10 Hudson Yards Fact Sheet
  25. ^ "HudsonYards | News and press :: Fairway Market to be Anchor Food Market at Hudson Yards". Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  26. ^ "Hudson Yards Master Plan: Preferred Direction". New York City Department of City Planning. February 2003. Retrieved 2009-08-10. 
  27. ^ Mueller, Benjamin (June 23, 2014). "Transit Hub and Work on No. 7 Line Face Delays". The New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  28. ^—Benefits of the 7 Line Extension
  29. ^ "Capital Program 7 Line Extension". December 20, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Hudson Park & Boulevard Will Be a Sweeping New Promenade Connecting to Hudson Yards". 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  31. ^ "Hudson Park and Boulevard". Hudson Yards New York. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  32. ^ Levitt, David M. (2013-10-17). "Related to Start Work on Hudson Yards Platform in January". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  33. ^ Thursday, December 5, 2013, by Jessica Dailey (2013-12-05). "Design Changes Revealed For Two Hudson Yards Towers - Rendering Redos - Curbed NY". Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  34. ^ Dailey, Jessica (4 June 2014). "55 Hudson Yards Designed As 'A Basic, Fundamental Sculpture'". Curbed NY. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  35. ^ "Deck Engineering & Technology". Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  36. ^ Sichert, Bill (March 5, 2013). "Amtrak to construct 'tunnel box' for Hudson River rail project to cross Manhattan development". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2013-03-09. 
  37. ^ Samtani, HIten (February 26, 2013). "Related, Amtrak to construct rail tunnel between Manhattan and NJ". The Real Deal. Retrieved 2013-03-09. 
  38. ^ Cuozzo, Steve (February 26, 2013). "Fed money keeps rail tunnel alive". The New York Post. Retrieved 2013-03-09. 
  39. ^   (2013-09-23). "West Side Construction Project May Bring New Rail Tunnel Pathways To Hudson River". NY1. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  40. ^ Environmental Assessment for Construction of a Concrete Casing in the Hudson Yards, New York, New York, Federal Railroad Administration, March 2013 
  41. ^ Alberts, Hana R. (February 6, 2014). "Meet Hudson Spire, The U.S.'s 'Potential Future Tallest Tower'". Curbed NY. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  42. ^ Drummer, Randyl (2014-04-30). "Tishman Speyer to Develop Massive Hudson Yards Tower - CoStar Group". Retrieved 2014-05-09. 
  43. ^ "Tishman Speyer Acquires the Rights to Develop 2.85 Million Square Foot Tower in Manhattan's Hudson Yards District - Press Release". Digital Journal. 2014-04-30. Retrieved 2014-05-09. 
  44. ^ "New Design Concept for the High Line at the Rail Yards". Friends of the High Line. 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  45. ^ "Groundbreaking at the High Line at the Rail Yards". Friends of the High Line. 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  46. ^ a b c d e f Clancy, Heather (11 June 2014). "Hudson Yards: A connected neighborhood grows in Manhattan". GreenBiz. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  47. ^ Clarke, Katherine (27 June 2014). "TOO RICH FOR TRASH: Hudson Yards waste will exit by pneumatic tube". NY Daily News. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 


External links[edit]

Project websites: