|Origin||Santa Monica, California, United States|
(reunited in the 1990s)
Warner Bros. Records
|Past members||St. Clair Lee (deceased)
Fleming Williams (deceased)
Hubert Ann Kelley
Tommy Brown (deceased)
Before their success they were the opening act for some stars including Frank Sinatra, Milton Berle, Nancy Sinatra, and Glen Campbell. The original band had a lineup of three singers and three sidemen. The sidemen were Joey Rivera from the Checkmates; Monti Lawston; and Bob "Bullet" Bailey, formerly of the Leaves. Before the group had a hit single they performed as an opening act for Flash Cadillac, Ike Turner, and Delaney Bramlett. Bailey, Rivera, and Lawston left the band to form Goodstuff.
The group's name was a pun on the Hughes Corporation, with the 'hue', a synonym of 'color', being a nod to the group members' African-American heritage. The band's members were St. Clair Lee (born Bernard St. Clair Lee, April 24, 1944, San Francisco, California; died 2011), Fleming Williams (born 1943, Flint, Michigan; died 1992) and Hubert Ann Kelley (born 24 April 1947, Fairfield, Alabama). The original choice for the group's name was The Children of Howard Hughes, which their record label turned down.
The group's first big break came in 1972, when they were invited to appear in the blaxploitation film, Blacula, starring William Marshall. They were also asked to record three songs for the film's soundtrack: "There He Is Again", "What The World Knows," and "I'm Gonna Catch You." Shortly thereafter, RCA signed the group; their first single, "Freedom For The Stallion", from the album of the same name, became a moderate hit, reaching #63 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
The follow-up single, "Rock the Boat," became a #1 hit on the Billboard chart and the group's signature song. "Rock the Boat" was written by Waldo Holmes, who also wrote the Blacula songs, and was released in the U.S. in February 1974 and in the UK in July of that year. It went to #1 for one week in the U.S. and #6 for two weeks in the UK, staying for 20 weeks in the U.S. chart with a gold disc awarded by the RIAA on 24 June 1974. The track sold well over two million copies. The song is considered one of the earliest disco songs. Some authorities proclaim it to be the first disco song to hit #1, while others give that distinction to "Love's Theme" by the Love Unlimited Orchestra, a chart-topper from earlier in 1974.
After the success of "Rock the Boat," the Hues Corporation's other charted singles on the Billboard Hot 100 included "Rockin' Soul" (1974, #18), "Love Corporation" (1975, #62), and "I Caught Your Act" (1977, #92).
Despite their initial success, the group was unable to duplicate the success of their earlier hits and disbanded in 1978. But with renewed interest in disco music throughout the 1990s, the group reunited for tour dates and special events, including the PBS special Get Down Tonight: The Disco Explosion.
Former band member Fleming Williams, who sang the male lead part on "Rock the Boat," died in the 1990s. Many sources claim the date of his death was September 1992, but at least one source claims he died in February 1998. According to the Social Security Death Index, Fleming Williams died on February 15, 1998. His death has been attributed to a "long illness," although many others have also alluded to a long struggle with drugs.
Founder member St. Clair Lee died on March 8, 2011, in Lake Elsinore, California. He is said to have died from natural causes at the age of 66, as written in the Los Angeles Times obituaries in March. He was survived by his mother, sons, and sister.
- Freedom For The Stallion (1973)
- Rockin' Soul (1974)
- Love Corporation (1975)
- I Caught Your Act (1976)
- Your Place or Mine (1978)
Notable compilation albums
- The Best of The Hues Corporation (RCA Victor) (1977)
- The Best of The Hues Corporation (Pickwick) (1979)
- The Very Best of the Hues Corporation (1998)
- List of Billboard number-one singles
- List of artists who reached number one in the United States
- List of Billboard number-one dance hits
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. dance chart
- Ron Wynn. "Hues Corporation - Biography - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Fleming Williams". DiscoMusic.com. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- More Hues Corporation info[dead link]
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 345. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- "The Dead Rock Stars Club 1992 - 1993". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Disco (RIP) Pioneers[dead link]
- "RootsWeb: Database Index". Ssdi.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Pore-Lee-Dunn Productions. "Interview With The Hues Corporation". Classicbands.com. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Afterword". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "The Hues Corporation". Discogs.com. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "The Very Best of the Hues Corporation - Hues Corporation - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 December 2014.