Bell Huey family
Bell Huey family of helicopters includes a wide range of civil and military aircraft produced since 1956 by Bell Helicopter. This H-1 family of aircraft includes the utility UH-1 Iroquois and the derivative AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter series and ranges from the XH-40 prototype, first flown in October 1956 to the 21st Century UH-1Y Venom and AH-1Z Viper.
Civil designations [ edit ]
Bell 204B 11 Seat utility transport helicopter; the civil certified model was based at the military model 204, known by the
US Army as the UH-1B. [1 ]
Agusta-Bell AB 204 11 Seat utility transport helicopter. Built under licence in Italy by
Agusta-Bell AB 204AS Anti-submarine warfare, anti-shipping version of the AB 204 helicopter.
Fuji-Bell 204B-2 11 seat utility transport helicopter. Built under licence in Japan by
Fuji Heavy Industries.
Bell 205A 15 seat utility transport helicopter.
Agusta-Bell 205 15 seat utility transport helicopter. Built under licence in Italy by Agusta.
Bell 205A-1 15 seat utility transport helicopter, initial version based on the UH-1H.
Agusta-Bell 205A-1 Modified version of the AB 205.
Fuji-Bell 205A-1 15 seat utility transport helicopter. Built under licence in Japan by Fuji.
Bell 205A+ Field upgraded 205A utilizing a T53-17 engine and a 212 rotor system. Similar to the production 205B and 210.
Bell 205A-1A A 205A-1, but with armament hardpoints and military avionics. Produced specifically for Israeli contract.
Bell 205B 15 seat upgraded 205A
Agusta-Bell 205BG Prototype fitted with two Gnome H 1200 turboshaft engines.
Agusta-Bell 205TA Prototype fitted with two Turbomeca Astazous turboshaft engines.
Advanced 205B Proposed upgraded Japanese version.
Bell 208 Experimental twin-engine "Twin Huey" prototype.
Bell 209 Original AH-1G prototype with retractable skid landing gear.
Bell 210 15 seat upgraded 205A
Bell 211 The
HueyTug, was a commercial version of the UH-1C with an upgraded transmission, longer main rotor, larger tailboom, strengthened fuselage, stability augmentation system, and a 2,650 shp (1,976 kW) Lycoming T-55-L-7 turboshaft engine. [3 ]
Bell 212 15 seat twin-engined derivative of the Bell 205
Bell 214 Huey Plus Strengthened development of the Bell 205 airframe with a larger engine
Bell 214ST 18 seat twin engined utility helicopter
Bell 249 Experimental AH-1 demonstrator version fitted with a four-bladed rotor system, an uprated engine and experimental equipment, including Hellfire missiles.
Bell 309 KingCobra Experimental version powered by one Lycoming T-55-L-7C engine.
Bell 412 Bell 212 with a four-bladed semi-rigid rotor system.
Bell Huey II A modified and re-engined UH-1H, significantly upgrading its performance, and its cost-effectiveness. Currently offered by Bell to all current military users of the type.
Pratt & Whitney Canada name for a modified UH-1H with a new PT6C-67D engine, modified tail rotor, and other minor changes to increase range and fuel efficiency over the Bell 212. [6 ]
Huey 800 Upgraded commercial version, fitted with an LHTEC T800 turboshaft engine.
Panha Shabaviz 2-75 Unlicensed version made by
Panha in Iran.
Panha 2091 Unlicensed Iranian upgrade of the AH-1J International.
Military designations (UH-1 and AH-1) [ edit ]
XH-40 The initial Bell 204 prototype. Three prototypes were built.
YH-40 Six aircraft for evaluation, as XH-40 with 12-inch cabin stretch and other modifications.
Bell Model 533 One YH-40BF rebuilt as a flight test bed with turbofan engines and wings.
HU-1A Initial Bell 204 production model, redesignated as the
UH-1A in 1962. [7 ] The HU-1 designation gave rise to the ubiquitous but unofficial "Huey" nickname. [8 ]
TH-1A UH-1A with dual controls and blind-flying instruments, 14 conversions.
XH-1A A single UH-1A was redesignated for grenade launcher testing in 1960.
HU-1B Upgraded HU-1A, various external and rotor improvements. Redesignated
UH-1B in 1962. [7 ] [8 ]
YUH-1B UH-1B prototypes
NUH-1B a single test aircraft, serial number 64-18261.
UH-1C UH-1B with improved engine, modified blades and rotor-head for better performance in the gunship role.
[7 ] [8 ]
YUH-1D Seven pre-production prototypes of the UH-1D.
UH-1D Initial Bell 205 production model (long fuselage version of the 204).
[7 ] [8 ]
HH-1D Army crash rescue variant of UH-1D.
Dornier UH-1D Military utility transport helicopter. Built under license in Germany by
Dornier Flugzeugwerke. [9 ]
AH-1E 98 production aircraft with the Enhanced Cobra Armament System (ECAS) featuring the M97A1 armament subsystem with a three-barreled M197 20 mm cannon. The AH-1E is also referred to as the "Upgunned AH-1S", or "AH-1S(ECAS)" prior to 1988.
UH-1E UH-1B/C for USMC with different avionics and equipment.
[7 ] [8 ]
NUH-1E UH-1E configured for testing.
TH-1E UH-1C configured for Marine Corps training. Twenty were built in 1965.
AH-1F The AH-1F is a "Modernized AH-1S".
UH-1F UH-1B/C for USAF with General Electric T-58-GE-3 engine of 1,325 shp.
[7 ] [8 ]
TH-1F Instrument and Rescue Trainer based on the UH-1F for the USAF.
[7 ] [8 ]
UH-1G UH-1D/H gunships operating with the Cambodia armed forces were locally given the designation UH-1G.
AH-1G HueyCobra Initial 1966 production model gunship for the US Army, with one 1,400shp Avco Lycoming T53-13 turboshaft.
JAH-1G HueyCobra One helicopter for armament testing including Hellfire missiles and multi-barrel cannon.
TH-1G HueyCobra Two-seat dual-control trainer.
Base Rescue Moose Jaw CH-118 Iroquois helicopters 118109 and 118101 at
CFB Moose Jaw
UH-1H Improved UH-1D with a
Lycoming T-53-L-13 engine of 1,400 shp. 5,435 built. [7 ] [8 ]
Canadian Forces designation for the UH-1H utility transport helicopter. Redesignated CH-118. [7 ] [8 ] [11 ]
EH-1H Twenty-two aircraft converted by installation of AN/ARQ-33 radio intercept and jamming equipment for Project Quick Fix.
SAR variant for the USAF with rescue hoist. 30 built. [7 ] [8 ]
AIDC UH-1H Military utility transport helicopter. Built under license in Taiwan by
Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation. [9 ]
JUH-1 Five UH-1Hs converted to SOTAS battlefield surveillance configuration with belly-mounted airborne radar.
TH-1H Recently modified UH-1Hs for use as basic helicopter flight trainers by the USAF.
AH-1J SeaCobra Original twin engine AH-1 version.
AH-1J International Export version of the AH-1J SeaCobra.
UH-1J An improved Japanese version of the UH-1H built under license in Japan by Fuji was locally given the designation UH-1J.
[12 ] [13 ]
HH-1K Purpose built SAR variant of the Model 204 for the US Navy with USN avionics and equipment.
27 built. [7 ] [8 ]
TH-1L Helicopter flight trainer based on the HH-1K for the USN.
UH-1L Utility variant of the TH-1L.
UH-1M Gunship specific UH-1C upgrade with
Lycoming T-53-L-13 engine of 1,400 shp. [7 ]
Bell 212 production model, the Bell "Twin Pac" twin-engined Huey. [7 ]
AH-1P 100 production aircraft with composite rotors, flat plate glass cockpit, and improved cockpit layout for nap-of-earth (NOE) flight. The AH-1P is also referred to as the "Production AH-1S", or "AH-1S(PROD)" prior to 1988.
UH-1P UH-1F variant for USAF for special operations use and attack operations used solely by the USAF 20th Special Operations Squadron, "the Green Hornets".
YAH-1Q Eight AH-1Gs with XM26 Telescopic Sight Unit (TSU) and two M56 TOW 4-pack launchers.
AH-1Q HueyCobra Upgraded AH-1G equipped with the M65
TOW/Cobra missile subsystem, M65 Telescopic Sight Unit (TSU), and M73 Reflex sight.
YAH-1R AH-1G powered by a T53-L-703 engine without TOW system.
AH-1RO Dracula Proposed version for Romania.
YAH-1S AH-1Q upgrade and TOW system.
AH-1S AH-1Q upgraded with a 1,800 shp T53-L-703 turboshaft engine.
AH-1T Improved SeaCobra Improved version with extended tailboom and fuselage and an upgraded transmission and engines.
UH-1U Single prototype for Counter Mortar/Counter Battery Radar Jamming aircraft. Crashed at Edwards AFB during testing.
UH-1V Aeromedical evacuation, rescue version for the US Army.
AH-1W SuperCobra "Whiskey Cobra", day/night version with more powerful engines and advanced weapons capability.
Electronic warfare UH-1Hs converted under "Quick Fix IIA". [7 ]
UH-1Y Venom Upgraded variant developed from existing upgraded late model UH-1Ns, with additional emphasis on commonality with the
AH-1Z as part of the H-1 upgrade program.
AH-1Z Viper "Zulu Cobra", in conjunction with the
H-1 upgrade program. Version includes an upgraded 4 blade main rotor and adds the Night Targeting System (NTS).
AH-1Z King Cobra AH-1Z offered under Turkey's
ATAK program; selected for production in 2000, but later canceled when Bell and Turkey could not reach an agreement on production. [14 ]
UH-1/T700 Ultra Huey Upgraded commercial version, fitted with a 1,400-kW (1900-shp) General Electric T700-GE-701C turboshaft engine.
Canadian Forces designation for the UH-1 Iroquois
CH-135 Twin Huey Canadian Forces designation for the
UH-1N Twin Huey
CH-146 Griffon Canadian Forces designation for the
Griffin HT Mk. 1
RAF designation for a trainer based on the 412EP
Griffin HAR Mk. 2 RAF designation for a
Search and Rescue helicopter based on the 412EP
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d e FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet H1SW for the 204, 205A, 205A-1 and 210 models
^ a b c Greg Goebel's Vectorsite in Public Domain
^ "Skycranes". Centennial of Flight Commission. Archived from the original on 9 April 2007 . Retrieved . 2007-03-15
^ a b c d e Bishop, Chris. Huey Cobra Gunships. Osprey Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-84176-984-3.
^ Model 309 Kingcobra / Model 409 AAH (YAH-63), Vectorsite.net
^ Douglas W. Nelms (2005-11-01). "Eagle Power". Aviation Today . Retrieved . 2007-03-17
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Mutza, Wayne. UH-1 Huey In Action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-89747-179-2.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Andrade, John M. U.S. Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Midland Counties Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-904597-22-9.
^ a b The Bell UH-1 Huey.
^ a b Donald, David. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Barnes & Nobel Books, 1997. ISBN 0-7607-0592-5.
^ "Bell CH-118 Iroquois." Canadian DND webpage. Retrieved: 30 August 2007.
^ UH-1J 多用途ヘリコプター. Retrieved: 11 December 2007.
^ The Bell UH-1 Huey. Retrieved: 12 December 2007.
^ "Back to square one in attack helicopter plan", Turkish Daily News, 2 December 2006.