He was the second son of Sir Robert Shafto Adair, 1st Baronet, and his first wife Elizabeth Maria Strode. He married Harriet Camilla Adair, daughter of Alexander Adair, on 10 July 1856. They had three sons, the eldest of whom lived for only ten years.
He succeeded to the baronetcy in 1886, on the death of his elder brother Robert. On his death in 1902, aged 86, his second son Frederick succeeded to the baronetcy, and after Frederick's death in 1915 the title was inherited by Hugh's third son, Robert.
- "Historical list of MPs: constituencies beginning with "I"". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- Lundy, Darryl. "Sir Robert Shafto Adair, 1st Bt.". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.[unreliable source]
- Lundy, Darryl. "Sir Hugh Edward Adair, 3rd Bt". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.[unreliable source]
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 162–163. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Hugh Adair
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
John Neilson Gladstone
Sackville Walter Lane-Fox
|Member of Parliament for Ipswich
1847 – 1874
With: John Chevallier Cobbold 1847–1868
Henry Wyndham West 1868–1874
John Patteson Cobbold
James Redfoord Bulwer
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
Robert Alexander Shafto Adair
of Flixton Hall, Suffolk
Frederick Edward Shafto Adair
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