Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk

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Hugh Bigod
Bigod Coat of Arms.jpg
Arms of Bigod (dropped post-1269 by Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk): Or, a cross gules
Born c. 1182
Died 1225
Title 3rd Earl of Norfolk
Tenure 1221-1225
Nationality English
Predecessor Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk
Successor Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk
Spouse(s) Maud Marshal
Parents Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk
Ida de Tosny

Hugh Bigod (c. 1182 – 1225) was a member of the powerful early Norman Bigod family and was for a short time the 3rd Earl of Norfolk.

Origins[edit]

Arms used by Hugh Bigod, as heir to the earldoms of Norfolk and Suffolk, and as recorded during the signing of Magna Charta

He was born c. 1182, the eldest son of Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk by his wife Ida de Tosny.

Career[edit]

In 1215 he was one of the twenty-five sureties of Magna Carta of King John. He succeeded to his father’s estates (including Framlingham Castle) in 1221.









Marriage & progeny[edit]

In late 1206 or early 1207, Hugh married Maud Marshal (1192 - 27 March 1248), daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147–1219), Marshal of England, by his wife Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke. They had four, or possibly five, children:

  • Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk (c. 1209-1270), died without progeny.
  • Hugh Bigod (1211–1266), Justiciar of England. Married Joan de Stuteville, by whom he had issue.
  • Isabel Bigod (c. 1212- 1250), married twice:
    • Firstly to Gilbert de Lacy, by whom she had issue;
    • Secondly to John FitzGeoffrey, Lord of Shere, by whom she had issue, including Maud FitzJohn, and Joan FitzJohn who married Theobald le Botiller, and from whom descended the Irish Earls of Ormond.
  • Ralph Bigod (born c. 1215)

Contrary to the assertion of Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, there is no evidence for a fourth son called Simon Bigod. A man of that name appears as a witness to one of Earl Hugh's charters (Morris, HBII 2), but as the eighteenth name in a list of twenty, suggesting no close connection to the main branch of the family. He is also named among the knights who surrendered to King John at Framlingham Castle in 1216. He was a probably a descendant of Hugh or William Bigod, half-brothers to Earl Roger II Bigod.

Death[edit]

Hugh died on 18 Feb 1225. Very soon after Hugh's death, his widow Maud re-married William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey.

Hugh Bigod in fiction[edit]

Hugh Bigod and his wife [Mahelt] are the main characters in Elizabeth Chadwick's To Defy a King. They also appear as secondary characters in novels chronicling their parents such as The Time of Singing (UK: Sphere, 2008) published in the USA as For the King's Favor; The Greatest Knight; and The Scarlet Lion.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. Morris, The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the Thirteenth Century (Woodbridge, 2005)

External links[edit]

Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk
Born: c. 1182 Died: 1225
Preceded by
Roger Bigod
Earl of Norfolk
1221–1225
Succeeded by
Roger Bigod