Hugh Dundas

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Sir Hugh Dundas
CH 4545.jpg
Dundas at RAF Duxford, Cambridgeshire, 2 January 1942
Birth name Hugh Spencer Lisle Dundas
Nickname(s) Cocky
Born (1920-07-22)22 July 1920
Doncaster, England
Died 10 July 1995(1995-07-10) (aged 74)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Air Force
Years of service 1938–1947
Rank Group Captain
Commands held No. 56 Squadron RAF
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Flying Cross
Relations John Dundas (brother)
Other work Company director

Sir Hugh Spencer Lisle Dundas CBE, DSO & Bar, DFC (22 July 1920 – 10 July 1995), nicknamed "Cocky", was a World War II fighter pilot in the Royal Air Force. He was promoted to squadron leader at the age of 21, to wing commander at 22.[1] In 1944, Dundas was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and at 24 became one of the youngest group captains in the RAF. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross in 1941, the Distinguished Service Order in 1944 and a bar to the DSO in 1945.

Early life[edit]

Born in Doncaster, on 2 July 1920, Dundas was a scion of a noble family. He was the grandson of the Scottish Liberal politician John Dundas and the great grandson of Lawrence Dundas, 1st Earl of Zetland.[2] Dundas was also related to the Earl of Halifax.[3][3] Like his elder brother John, he became fascinated by the idea of flying from childhood, and he joined the Auxiliary Air Force straight after leaving Stowe School in 1938. On 23 July 1939, the day after his 19th birthday, he was commissioned an acting pilot officer in the AuxAF.[4] He was confirmed in the rank of pilot officer on 2 October, with the service number 91001.[5]

Second World War[edit]

Dundas was called up early in the war, serving with No. 616 Squadron, flying Spitfires. He was shot down on 22 August and wounded during the Battle of Britain, but returned to his Squadron in September 1940. His brother John, a 12-kill ace with No. 609 Squadron, was killed in action in November 1940 after shooting down Helmut Wick, the top–scoring German ace at the time. Dundas was promoted to flying officer (war-substantive) on 2 October.[6]

In early 1941, No. 616 was a part of the RAF Tangmere Wing, under the command of Wing Commander Douglas Bader. Through the summer of 1941 Dundas frequently flew with Bader's section, gradually building his reputation as a competent fighter pilot and tactician. By now an acting flight lieutenant, he was awarded a Distinguished Flying Cross on 5 August 1941:

  • 7 January 1941 – Acting Flight Lieutenant Hugh Spencer Lisle Dundas (91001), Auxiliary Air Force, No. 616 Squadron:

This officer has shown unflagging courage in the face of the enemy and the utmost tenacity in supporting his leader. He has destroyed at least three enemy aircraft and damaged others.

— London Gazette[7]

In September 1941, he was posted as an instructor to 59 OTU, but his scruffiness and unruly pet dog did not endear him to commanding officer Group Captain Stanley Vincent, and he was transferred promptly as a Flight Commander with No. 610 Squadron. Promoted to flight lieutenant (war-substantive) on 2 October, he was subsequently promoted to acting squadron leader and posted as commanding officer of No. 56 Squadron RAF in December, the first to be equipped with the Hawker Typhoon.[8] He was mentioned in despatches on 1 January 1943, and was promoted to squadron leader (war-substantive) on 11 February.[9][10] Posted to the Mediterranean in 1943, he led 324 Spitfire Wing from Malta and through Italy. until the end of the war. He was awarded his first DSO on 3 March 1944. In June 1944, Dundas was promoted to the acting rank of group captain at the age of only 23. He led 244 Wing from June 1944, and was promoted to wing commander (war-substantive) on 11 May 1945.[11] His war time score was 4 destroyed, 6 shared destroyed, 2 shared probables, and 2 and 1 shared damaged.

Post-war career and later life[edit]

On 1 September 1945, Dundas was granted a permanent commission in the RAF, in the rank of flight lieutenant.[12] He was promoted to the temporary rank of squadron leader on 3 December 1946 (seniority from 1 July 1945).[13] On 25 January 1947, however, he retired from the RAF, retaining the rank of group captain.[14]

Dundas continued to serve in the reconstituted AAF following his retirement from active service. He was commissioned as a flying officer in the AAF on 8 August 1947 (seniority from 23 April 1947).[15] On the following 1 June, he received a double promotion to squadron leader in the RAuxAF, and was given command of No. 601 (County of London) squadron, but resigned his commission on 6 October 1949[16][17] He was also the air correspondent for the Daily Express newspaper.[18]

He joined Rediffusion Limited in 1961, becoming a Director in 1966, and served as Chairman of Thames Television until 1987. He was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant on 7 October 1968.[19] As managing director of British Electric Traction, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Civil Division (CBE) in the 1977 New Year Honours.[20] As the firm's subsequent chairman, Dundas was knighted in the 1987 Birthday Honours.[21] He served as High Sheriff of Surrey for 1989.[22]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/exhibitions/spitfire/413.asp
  2. ^ Bishop 2004, p.76.
  3. ^ a b Franks 1980, p. 178.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34652. p. 5487. 8 August 1939. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35097. p. 1380. 7 March 1941. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35106. p. 1533. 14 March 1941. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35238. p. 4516. 5 August 1941. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35387. p. 7195. 19 December 1941. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35841. p. 37. 29 December 1942. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35989. p. 1863. 20 April 1943. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37141. p. 3270. 19 June 1945. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37518. p. 1625. 29 March 1946. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37804. p. 5908. 29 November 1946. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37883. p. 800. 14 February 1947. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38090. p. 4704. 3 October 1947. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38344. p. 3902. 2 July 1948. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38826. p. 531. 31 January 1950. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  18. ^ http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWdundasH.htm
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44693. p. 10878. 10 October 1968. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47102. p. 8. 30 December 1976. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50948. p. 1. 12 June 1987. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 51678. pp. 3358–3314. 17 March 1989. Retrieved 16 February 2007.