Hugh Foot, Baron Caradon

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Hugh Mackintosh Foot, Baron Caradon, GCMG KCVO OBE PC (8 October 1907 – 5 September 1990) was a British colonial administrator and diplomat who presided over moves to independence in various colonies and was UK representative to the United Nations.


Hugh Mackintosh Foot was born in Plymouth on 8 October 1907. He was the son of solicitor and Liberal Party MP Isaac Foot, and brother of the MP Sir Dingle Foot, the life peer Lord John Foot, and Labour Party MP and party leader (1980–83) Michael Foot. "We were proud to be nonconformists and Roundheads" Lord Caradon once wrote of his family. "Oliver Cromwell was our hero and John Milton our poet."


He was educated at Leighton Park School in Reading, Berkshire, and at St John's College at the University of Cambridge where he was President of the Cambridge Union and the Cambridge University Liberal Club. His three politically active brothers, Dingle, John and Michael, were all educated at Oxford University and they all became Presidents of the Oxford Union.


Foot's career in the diplomatic service was both long and distinguished. During the Second World War, he was British Military Administrator of Cyrenaica, 1943 then Colonial Secretary of Cyprus, 1943-1945. After the War, he served as Colonial Secretary of Jamaica, 1945–1947, Chief Secretary for Nigeria, 1947–1950 and Captain General and Governor in Chief of Jamaica, 1951-1957.

He returned to Cyprus as the last colonial Governor and Commander in Chief, 1957-1960. In 1961, he became British Ambassador to the United Nations Trusteeship Council. After Harold Wilson won the 1964 election, Foot became Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and British Ambassador to the United Nations from 1964-1970. After his retirement, he became a Visiting Fellow at Harvard University and Princeton University.

Foot was created a life peer as Baron Caradon, of St Cleer in the County of Cornwall, in 1964, the title referring to Caradon Hill on Bodmin Moor. Lord Caradon occupied Trematon Castle as his country home.

Personal Life[edit]

He married Florence Sylvia Tod in 1936. She predeceased him in 1985. He was the father of Paul Foot, a journalist, and Oliver Foot, an actor, a third son and a daughter. He died in Plymouth, aged 82, on 5 September 1990. He was survived by his four children


External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Huggins
Governor of Jamaica
Succeeded by
Sir Kenneth Blackburne
Preceded by
John Harding
Governor of Cyprus
Cyprus became independent