Hugh Hornby Birley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Manchester MP, see Hugh Birley.
Hugh Hornby Birley.

Hugh Hornby Birley (10 March 1778 – 31 July 1845) was a leading Manchester Tory who is reputed to have led the fatal charge of the Manchester and Salford Yeomanry at the Peterloo Massacre. He was also instrumental in founding the Royal Victoria Gallery of Practical Science in 1839.[1] He was associated with the Royal Manchester Institution[2] and a moving force in the establishment of Owens College.[3] He was a director of the Manchester Gas Works and became a business associate of Charles Macintosh with the intention of putting the works' waste products to profitable use in the manufacture of waterproof fabrics.[4]

His father was Richard Birley (1743–1812), merchant, who had four sons and four daughters. Hugh's brother, Joseph Birley (1782–1847), was the father of Hugh Birley who served as Member of Parliament for Manchester from 1868 to 1883.[5] Hugh Hornby Birley was buried in the family vault in St. Peter's Church, Manchester.


  1. ^ Kargon 1977, pp. 36–38
  2. ^ Kargon 1977, p. 41
  3. ^ Kargon 1977, p. 154
  4. ^ Kargon 1977, p. 137
  5. ^ David and Linda Birley Genealogies (– SCHOLAR SEARCH), 2002–4, retrieved 10 August 2007  Check date values in: |date= (help)[dead link] - features references to primary sources
  • Kargon, R. H. (1977), Science in Victorian Manchester: Enterprise and Expertise, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 0-8018-1969-5 
  • Lobban, M. (1990), "From seditious libel to unlawful assembly: Peterloo and the changing face of political crime c1770–1820", Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 10 (3): 307–352, doi:10.1093/ojls/10.3.307 
  • Walmsley, Robert (1969), Peterloo: The Case Re-opened, Manchester University Press, ISBN 0-7190-0392-X 

External links[edit]