Hugh Kennard

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Hugh Charles Kennard
Born 24 June 1918
Died 1995
Allegiance United Kingdom UK
Service/branch  Royal Air Force
Years of service 1937–1949
Rank Wing Commander
Unit No. 66 Squadron RAF
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Distinguished Flying Cross
Other work Civilian aviator

Wing Commander Hugh Charles Kennard,[1] DFC (24 June 1918 – 1995) was a Royal Air Force pilot during World War II and later an entrepreneur in civil aviation.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Kennard was born on 24 June 1918 at Coxheath, Kent, United Kingdom, the son of Charles W Kennard and his wife.[3] He was educated at Cranbrook School in Kent.[2] Kennard's first wife was Jean Muriel Crossley and his second was Audrey,[4] whom he married in November 1940.[5] Kennard married Jane Neville in 1969 and the couple had two sons. He died in 1995.[2] Kennard had one son by his first wife, Jeremy, and a further son, Julian by his third wife.

Career[edit]

RAF career[edit]

Kennard joined the Royal Air Force on a short-service commission in January 1938 as an acting pilot officer.[6] His commission was confirmed in October 1938.[7] During 1938, he bought the prototype Jaguar SS 90 roadster, registered ARW295.[5] He served with No. 66 Squadron RAF and 610 Squadron between until 1940. In early 1940, he flew missions over Dunkirk during the evacuation and, in mid-1940, was engaged in combat missions over southern England.[1] In July 1940, Kennard was promoted to flying officer[8] and assigned to No. 306 Polish Fighter Squadron as a flight commander in the Hawker Hurricane squadron formed by the Polish government at RAF Church Fenton in Yorkshire. The squadron became active towards the end of the Battle of Britain.[2] Kennard sold the SS 90 some time after his marriage in November 1940.[5]

In 1941, Kennard was promoted to flight lieutenant[9] and assisted in the formation of No. 121 Squadron RAF, a Hurricane squadron composed of American volunteer pilots, based at RAF Kirton in Lindsey in Lincolnshire. The squadron became operational in two months. After converting from Hurricanes to Supermarine Spitfires, Kennard led the American squadron on missions across the English Channel. The station commander at the time purchased a five-gallon tin of peanut butter from Harrods in order to make the American personnel feel more at home. After the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war by the United States, Kennard is reputed to have proposed a toast with the words "You're all in it now, Yanks!" He was made squadron commander in early 1942 and was shot down and wounded in July while participating in a bomber-escort mission.[2] Having flown 58 missions since taking command, he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for a combat operation in May 1942 in which he engaged eight enemy aircraft, shooting down two, with a third claimed as probable and a fourth damaged. Later that month Kennard led his flight in a successful attack on a minesweeper and later still attacked and sank an armed trawler off the Dutch coast.[10][11] Kennard relinquished command of the squadron in September 1942.[2] In October 1942, Kennard was wounded in action.[12] He was promoted to acting squadron leader in 1943.[13]

Later career[edit]

After relinquishing command of 121 Squadron, Kennard was assigned to the Directorate of Fighter Operations in the Air Ministry and then to a role overseeing troop movements. He returned to operations in May 1945, having been confirmed as a squadron leader,[14] and took command of a Spitfire squadron – No. 74 Squadron RAF. He commanded a station until he left the RAF in 1946 and then served with the Royal Auxiliary Air Force from 1949[15] to 1952, commanding No. 500 Squadron RAF and flying Gloster Meteors. He was granted the rank of wing commander in April 1949.[16] He took Anthony Eden, the squadron's honorary air commodore, for a ride in a Meteor.[2] In 1949, Kennard was to have taken part in a Royal Auxiliary Air Force Race based at RAF Elmdon. He was due to fly a Meteor 3,[17] but the aircraft was unable to participate in the race because of the weather at its base,[18] RAF West Malling.[19] He retired from active service and was appointed to the reserve in 1952[20] and relinquished his commission in 1959.[21]

Civilian aviation[edit]

After he left the Royal Air Force, Kennard became an entrepreneur in civilian aviation. He founded or became director of, several airlines and aviation-related companies, including Air Kruise, which ran Ramsgate Airport, and Silver City Airways.[2] In 1946, Kennard formed Air Kruise at Lympne Airport. In August of that year, Kennard took delivery of the first civilian Miles Messenger, G-AHZS, from Miles Aircraft Ltd.[22] The handover was made at Heston Aerodrome.[23] Air Kruise operated Airspeed Consuls, Auster Autocrats, Miles Messengers, Miles Geminis and Percival Proctors.[24] They also operated de Havilland Dragon Rapides.[25]

Kennard and his wife came second in the 1946 Folkestone Trophy Air Race, the first to be held at Lympne after the war.[26] In October 1948, Kennard formed the Kent Coast Flying Club, which was based at Lympne and replaced the Cinque Ports Flying Club, which had folded on 1 October.[27] Amongst the aircraft operated was Miles Magister G-AKJX.[28] In 1953, Air Kruise moved from Lydd to Ramsgate.[25] In 1958, Kennard formed Aircraft Engineering and Maintenance Ltd at Ramsgate. The company overhauled aircraft engine gearboxes,[29] hydraulic systems and instruments. As of 2011, AEM is known as Aviation Engineering & Maintenance Ltd and is a part of Rio Tinto Zinc.[30]

Kennard was joint Managing Director of Silver City Airways until his resignation in November 1960.[31] In May 1961, Kennard formed a new airline, which was to be based at Rochester Airport.[32] This airline was Air Ferry. For operational reasons, Manston Airport was chosen as the base.[33] Air Ferry commenced operations on 30 March 1963.[34] In November 1964, Kennard formed Invicta International Airlines at Manston, following a takeover of Air Ferry by Air Holdings Ltd.[29] Although based at Manston, the head office was at Ramsgate.[35] On 3 January 1969, Invicta International was merged with British Midland. Invicta became "British Midland – Invicta Cargo.[36] The merger was forced by London merchant bank Minster Trust. In July, the air cargo operation was sold back to Kennard,[37] who formed a new company, Invicta Airways (1969) Ltd.[36] In February 1973, European Ferries Group acquired a 76% holding of Invicta.[38] On 30 September 1975, Invicta ceased operations as a result of European Ferries decision to cease airline operations.[39] In February 1976, the assets of Invicta were bought by Universal Air Transport Sales, which Kennard had set up.[40] Invicta was sold in 1980, Kennard left the company and established a business at Canterbury restoring classic cars.[41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "F/Lt. H. C. Kennard". The South East Echo. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Airmen's Stories – F/Lt. H C Kennard". Battle of Britain London Monument. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Births" The Times (London). Monday, 1 July 1918. (41830), col A, p. 1.
  4. ^ "Air Kruise". Flight (14 October 1955): p628. 
  5. ^ a b c Golfen, Bob. "A CAR WITH STORIES TO TELL". Jaguar Club of Central Arizona. Retrieved 7 March 2011. 
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34476. p. 517. 25 January 1938. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34566. p. 6820. 1 November 1938. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34960. p. 5832. 4 October 1940. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36514. p. 2230. 12 May 1944. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35614. p. 2870. 26 June 1942. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  11. ^ "Service Aviation". Flight (16 July 1942): p78. 
  12. ^ "Service Aviation". Flight (15 October 1942): p432. 
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36092. p. 3206. 13 July 1943. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37074. p. 2480. 8 May 1945. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38588. p. 1938. 19 April 1949. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38588. p. 1942. 19 April 1949. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  17. ^ "The National Air Races". Flight (21 July 1949): p75. 
  18. ^ "The National Air Races". Flight (21 July 1949): p133. 
  19. ^ "South Coast Air Race Entries". Flight (31 August 1950): p253. 
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39539. p. 2578. 9 May 1952. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41636. p. 1160. 13 February 1959. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  22. ^ Collyer 1992, p. 141.
  23. ^ "Civil Aviation News". Flight (5 September 1946): p251. 
  24. ^ "Air Charter Guide". Flight (28 April 1949): p504. 
  25. ^ a b Collyer 1992, p. 143.
  26. ^ "With 'Flight's Camera at Folkestone ...'". Flight (12 September 1946): p285. 
  27. ^ "Civil Aviation News ...". Flight (14 October 1948): p457. 
  28. ^ Collyer 1992, p. 117.
  29. ^ a b Finnis 2006, pp. 5–10.
  30. ^ "AEM Offer Comprehensive Repair and Overhaul Service". Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology 59 (4): p13. doi:10.1108/eb036425. 
  31. ^ "Brevites". Flight (2 December 1960): p892. 
  32. ^ "Kennard Family Airways". Flight (18 May 1961): pp680–81.  (p680, p681)
  33. ^ "Air Ferry Ltd". Flight (2 August 1962): p158. 
  34. ^ "Air Commerce...". Flight International (30 March 1963): p236. 
  35. ^ "World Airline Survey...". Flight International (15 April 1965): p586. 
  36. ^ a b Finnis 2006, pp. 76–92.
  37. ^ "Invicta out of BMA consortium". Flight International (17 July 1969): p236. 
  38. ^ Finnis 2006, pp. 133–54.
  39. ^ Finnis 2006, pp. 169–79.
  40. ^ "Invicta Flies Again". Flight International (14 February 1976): p326. 
  41. ^ Finnis 2006, pp. 213–20.

Sources[edit]

  • Collyer, David G (1992). Lympne Airport in old photographs. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7509-0169-1. 
  • Finnis, Malcolm (2006). Take-off to Touchdown, the Invicta Airlines story. Langney: Malcolm Finnis. ISBN 9780951729526.