Hugh Price Hughes
|Hugh Price Hughes|
9 February 1847|
|Died||17 November 1902
|Known for||first superintendent of the West London Methodist Mission|
Hugh Price Hughes (9 February 1847 – 17 November 1902), was a Welsh Christian clergyman and religious reformer in the Methodist tradition. Recognized as one of the greatest orators of his era, he also founded and edited an influential newspaper, the Methodist Times. He served as the first superintendent of the West London Methodist Mission, a key Methodist organisation today.
Hughes was born in Carmarthen, and was educated at the Wesleyan Theological College at Richmond and University College London. He married Katherine Hughes (née Barrett). In 1885, he founded the Methodist Times, and in 1887 he was appointed Superintendent of the West London Methodist Mission. His wife Katherine organized and led the innovative Sisters of the People, social work volunteers attached to the West London Mission. In 1896, he was elected first president of the National Council of Evangelical Free Churches, an organization he helped create. In 1898, he was elected President of the Wesleyan Methodist Church for a year-long term. He died at his home in London following a stroke.
Hughes rose as the leader of the "Forward Movement" in Methodism, which sought to reshape the Methodist Church as the moral and social conscience of Britain. Later, he extended this idea to the Nonconformist Free Churches as a whole. He was concerned that the non-Anglican evangelical tradition had become overly focused on individual salvation, and it was time for Methodists, Baptists, Congregationalists, Presbyterians and Quakers to become churches in a fuller sense, taking on responsibility for the salvation of society. These ideas were expressed in his published sermons. In his first book of sermons, entitled Social Christianity, he declared "It is because the spirit of Christ has not been introduced into public life that Europe is in a perilous condition today. . . My wish is to apply Christianity to every aspect of life." 
As a reformer, Hughes was a leader for temperance and for the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts. He was also a strong advocate for public, non-sectarian education and international peace. He strongly supported Gladstone's Irish Home Rule Bills. After the Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell was revealed to have committed adultery with Katherine O'Shea, Hughes declared that English Nonconformists would no longer support the Irish cause if its leader was a proven adulterer. This threat led Gladstone to state that he could not remain as Liberal leader if Parnell continued to lead the Nationalists, thus precipitating the Parnell Split.
Associated Activists in Social Change
- Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence
- Mark Guy Pearse
- Henry Simpson Lunn
- Charles Albert Berry
- Percy William Bunting
- John Greener Hallimond.
According to "A Countess at the Bowery Mission: The Christian Herald And Signs Of Our Times", 20 December 1899, page 987: "Nine years ago, he [Hallimond] was connected with the great West London Mission, England, of which Rev. Hugh Price Hughes is Superintendent." This is repeated in "Great Heart of the Bowery: Leaves from the Life-Story of John G. Hallimond,late Superintendent of the Bowery Mission," Fleming H. Revell, NY: 1925. In the biographical forward by George H. Sandison of Christian Herald, "Nine years before he came to America he was connected with the great West London Mission, of which Rev. Hugh Price Hughes was Superintendent" (page 13).
- The history of the West London Mission
- History. wlm.org.uk
- Christopher Oldstone-Moore, Hugh Price Hughes: Founder of a New Methodism, Conscience of a New Nonconformity (Cardiff, 1999), 137-38.
- Hugh Price Hughes, Social Christianity 3rd ed. (New York, 1890), 21-3.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Bullen, Arthur Henry (1912). "Hughes, Hugh Price". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.