Hugh VIII of Lusignan

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Hugh VIII of Lusignan
Born 1106–1110 or after 1125
Poitou, France
Died 1165 or 1171
Holy Land
Residence France
Nationality French
Other names Hugh VIII the Old of Lusignan or Hugh III of La Marche or Hugues VIII le Vieux de Lusignan
Title Seigneur de Lusignan, Couhé, Château-Larcher,Count of La Marche, Seigneur de Fontenay
Term 1151–1165 or 1171
Predecessor Hugh VII of Lusignan
Religion Christian
Spouse(s) Bourgogne or Burgondie de Rancon, Dame de Fontenay, daughter of Geoffroi or Geoffroy de Rancon, Seigneur de Taillebourg and wife Fossefie (Falsifie), Dame de Moncontour
Children Hugues de Lusignan
Robert de Lusignan
Geoffrey or Geoffroy I de Lusignan
Pierre de Lusignan
Amalric de Lusignan
Guy I & I de Lusignan
Guillaume de Lusignan or de Valence
Parents Hugh VII
Sarrasine or Saracena de Lezay

Hugh VIII the Old of Lusignan or Hugh III of La Marche or Hugues VIII le Vieux de Lusignan was the eldest son of Hugh VII and of Sarrasine or Saracena de Lezay. He became Seigneur de Lusignan, Couhé, and Château-Larcher and Count of La Marche on his father's death in 1151. Born in Poitou, 1106–1110 or some time after 1125, he died in Holy Land in 1165 or 1171.

He married in 1140/1141 Bourgogne or Burgondie de Rancon, Dame de Fontenay, daughter of Geoffroi or Geoffroy de Rancon, Seigneur de Taillebourg and wife Fossefie (Falsifie), Dame de Moncontour, by whom he also became Seigneur de Fontenay: she died on April 11, 1169. In 1163 or 1164 he went on pilgrimage and on crusade to the Holy Land and participated in the Battle of Harim, where he was taken prisoner.

His children were:

  • Hugues de Lusignan, Co-Seigneur de Lusignan in 1164 (c. 1141–1169), married before 1162 Orengarde N, who died in 1169, leaving an infant son Hugues who was to become Hugh IX of Lusignan, and an infant son Raoul who was to become Raoul I de Lusignan
  • Robert de Lusignan, died young c. 1150
  • Geoffrey or Geoffroy I de Lusignan (bef. 1150 – May, 1224), Seigneur of Moncontour and Seigneur de Soubise, Seigneur de Vouvent, de Mervent by first marriage, Count of Jaffa and Ascalon on July 28, 1191 (he relinquished these titles upon his return from the Holy Land in 1193), who fought in the Siege of Acre. According to the Chronicle of Ernoul, when told that Guy had become king of Jerusalem Geoffrey said: "He'll be God next!". Married firstly before 1200 Eustache de Chabot, Dame de Vouvent et Dame de Mervent (d. after 1200), and secondly c. 1202 Humberge de Limoges, daughter of Aimar VI, Vicomte de Limoges and wife Sarra de Cornouailles, and had one son by each marriage:
Seal of Geoffroy II de Lusignan, used in 1225, showing the usual hunting attire shown on the family's seals
    • Geoffroy II de Lusignan, Seigneur de Vouvent, de Mevent et de Montcontour, married 1223 Clémence de Chattellerault, Dame de Chattellerault, without issue
    • Guillaume de Lusignan, married c. 1226 Marguerite de Mauléon, and had one daughter:
      • Valence de Lusignan, married aft. 1247 Hugues III de Parthenay (d. 1271)
  • Pierre de Lusignan (bef. 1155 – aft. December, 1174), a "Peter of Lusignan" witnessed a charter in Antioch in 1174, but is otherwise not documented. He died probably as a Priest.
  • Amalric II & I de Lusignan, born about 1145, died 1205. He succeeded his younger brother Guy as ruler of Cyprus; later he was crowned King of Cyprus, the first of the Lusignan dynasty, and eventually also became King of Jerusalem.
  • Guy I & I de Lusignan, died 1194. He was regent and afterwards King of Jerusalem. After the loss of Jerusalem he became Lord of Cyprus.
  • Guillaume de Lusignan or de Valence, born after 1163, betrothed to Beatrice de Courtenay, daughter of Joscelin III of Edessa, in 1186. The marriage does not seem to have taken place. He died before 1208.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sidney Painter, "The houses of Lusignan and Châtellerault, 1150-1250" in Speculum vol. 30 (1955).
  • Sidney Painter, "The Lords of Lusignan in the eleventh and twelfth centuries" in Speculum vol. 32 (1957).