Hugh XI of Lusignan

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Hugh XI de Lusignan, Hugh VI of La Marche or Hugh II of Angoulême or Hugues XI & VI & II de Lusignan (1221 – 6 April 1250). He succeeded his mother Isabelle of Angoulême, former queen of England, as Count of Angoulême in 1246. He likewise succeeded his father Hugh X as Count of La Marche in 1249. Hugh XI de Lusignan was uterine half-brother of Henry III of England.[1]

Family[edit]

Hugh XI was betrothed in 1224 to Joan of Toulouse, the daughter and heiress of Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse and his wife Sancha de Aragón. The betrothal was later broken and Joan was married to a brother of the French King.

By the Treaty of Vendôme in March 1227 Hugh XI was next betrothed to Isabelle of France, the daughter of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile. [a] Isabelle broke off the marriage. [b]

Hugh XI married Yolande of Brittany (1218 – 1272) in 1236, the daughter of Peter I, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, by his 1st wife, Alix, daughter of Guy of Thouars.[2]

In 1236, Yolande received as her dowry, the titles of Countess of Penthièvre, Dame de la Fère-en-Tardenois, de Chailly, and de Longjumeau which she held suo jure. Her brother John I, Duke of Brittany granted her the title of suo jure Countess of Porhoet.[3] They had seven children.[2]

Hugh XI's wife Yolande never remarried.

Death[edit]

In 1249 he agreed to serve Alphonse, Count of Poitiers, for a year on the Seventh Crusade. Hugh XI was killed 6 April 1250 in Battle of Fariskur, Egypt which was the last major battle of the Seventh Crusade. He was on crusade with King Louis IX. His son Hugh XII succeeded him as Count of La Marche and Angoulême. [c]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The contract of this marriage is dated June 1230.[2]
  2. ^ Isabelle entreated the Pope to lead a religious life while never entering a religious order. Her religious commitments included leading the live of a virgin, thereby explaining her reluctance to marry. After she broke the betrothal to Hugh XI she broke a subsequent betrothal to Conrad.
  3. ^ Hugh XI's wife Yolande survived him. Upon her death, her breton entitlements reverted to the House of Dreux, in the name of John I, Duke of Brittany, her brother. This effectively ended any significant future interaction of Hugh's XI's family with the Duchy of Brittany.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes 4th Ser. 2 (1856): 537–545.
  • Douet d’Arcq, Collection de Sceaux des Archives de l’Empire 1(1) (1863): 398 (seal of Hugues XI de Lusignan dated 1246 — Sceau équestre. Costume de chasse comme au sceau précédent. Legend: ……..VGONIS ……..; Revers. Écu burelé, à six lions rampants faisant l’orle brochant sur le tout. Legend: ……..M . HVGON……..), 398–399 (seal of Yolande, Countess of La Marche & Angoulême dated 1250 — La comtesse debout, vue de face et tenant un oiseau au poing. Legend: S. YOLENDIS : VXORIS : [D]NI : HVGONIS : .RVN; Contre-sceau. Écu burelé, à cinq lionceaux en orle brochant sur le tout. Legend: + SECRETVM . DNE . YOLENDIS :).
  • Delisle “Chronologie Hist. des Comtes de la Marche” (Bull. Société Archéologique et Hist. de la Charente) 4th Ser. 4 (1867): 3–16.
  • Duval, Cartulaire de l’Abbaye royale de Notre-Dame des Châtelliers (1872): 82–85 (testament of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1248).
  • Inventaire Sommaire des Archives départmentales antérieures à 1790: Haute Vienne, Série H. Supp. (1884–7): 58.
  • La Porta, Les Gens de Qualité en Basse-Marche 1(2) (1886): 1–60 (Généalogie de Lusignan).
  • Cal. Charter Rolls, 1 (1903): 438–439.
  • Genealogist n.s. 21 (1905): 78–82, 163–171, 234–243.
  • Cal.Patent Rolls, 1247–1258 (1908): 35 (Hugh le Brun, Count of Angoulême, styled “king’s brother” by King Henry III of England in 1249), 130, 175, 317 (Hugh, Count of La Marche, styled “king’s brother”).
  • Recueil des Docs. de l’Abbaye de Fontaine-le-Comte (Société des archives historiques du Poitou 61) (1982): 82 (testament of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1248).
  • Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln n.s. 3(4) (1989): 816 (sub Lusignan).
  • Jackson Seventh Crusade, 1244–1254 (2009) 34–35.