Hugh Courtenay (KG)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hugh de Courtenay (KG))
Jump to: navigation, search
Sir Hugh Courtenay
Courtenay 1430.jpg
Hugh Courtenay from the Bruges Garter Book, 1430/1440, BL Stowe 594. The Courtenay arms are displayed on his tabard under his Garter robe
Spouse(s) Elizabeth de Vere

Issue

Hugh Courtenay (died 1374)
Noble family Courtenay
Father Hugh Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon
Mother Margaret de Bohun
Born 22 March 1327
Died after Easter term 1348
Arms of Sir Hugh de Courtenay (d. circa 1348), KG: Or, three torteaux gules a label of three points azure each point charged with three annulets argent

Sir Hugh Courtenay (22 March 1327 – after Easter term 1348), KG, was the eldest son and heir apparent of Hugh Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon (1303-1377), whom he predeceased, and was a founding member of the Order of the Garter.[1]

Career[edit]

Sir Hugh Courtenay was born 22 March 1327, the eldest son of Hugh Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon (12 July 1303 – 2 May 1377) by his wife Margaret de Bohun (d. 16 December 1391), daughter of Humphrey Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex (c.1276 – 16 March 1322), by Elizabeth (d. 5 May 1316), the daughter of King Edward I.[2]

Knight of the Garter[edit]

Although Vivian (1895)[3] and Richardson (2011) and others suggest that the Sir "Hugh Courtenay" who was one of the founding members of the Order of the Garter was Hugh Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon (1303-1377),[4] Beltz, following GEC Complete Peerage,[5] correctly states that the founding member was the 10th Earl's eldest son and heir apparent, Sir Hugh Courtenay (d.1349), the subject of this article, citing the latter's service in France in 1346, his presence at the siege of Calais in 1347 in the company of his uncle, William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (d.1360), and his prowess at a tournament at Eltham Palace later that year in which he received from the King, 'as his guerdon, a hood of white cloth, buttoned with large pearls, and embroidered with figures of men in dancing postures'. Beltz also notes more pertinently that William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (c. 1310–1360) succeeded to Sir Hugh Courtenay's stall at Windsor, and since Northampton died in 1360, while Hugh Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon, lived until 1377, Northampton could not have been successor to the 10th Earl of Devon in the Order of the Garter, and must therefore have been successor to Sir Hugh Courtenay, the 10th Earl of Devon's son, who died in 1348.[6]

Marriage & progeny[edit]

Before 3 September 1341 Courtenay married a certain "Elizabeth", said to have been Elizabeth de Bryan, daughter of Sir Guy de Bryan of Tor Bryan, Devon, (possibly through confusion with his son's wife)[7] or possibly Elizabeth de Vere (d.1375), daughter of John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford by his wife Maud de Badlesmere.[citation needed] Elizabeth survived her first husband and married secondly, before 4 May 1351, John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray (d. 4 October 1361), which marriage was later validated by papal dispensation of that date.[8] She married thirdly, before 18 January 1369, to Sir William de Cossington.[9] Elizabeth died[10] 16 August 1375.[11] Courtenay had progeny by Elizabeth including:

Death & burial[edit]

Sir Hugh Courtenay died shortly after Easter term 1348,[13] aged 21, and was buried at Ford Abbey, Somerset.[14] While on progress through Dorset, Queen Philippa is said to have placed a piece of cloth of gold as an oblation on his tomb on 2 September 1349.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GEC Complete Peerage, vol.IV, p.325
  2. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 324; Richardson I 2011, pp. 239–43, 540–2.
  3. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitation of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.244, pedigree of Courtenay
  4. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 541.
  5. ^ GEC Complete Peerage, vol.IV, p.325
  6. ^ Beltz 1841, pp. 52–3.
  7. ^ GEC Complete Peerage, vol.IV, p.325, note (c) "
  8. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 542.
  9. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 542.
  10. ^ Cokayne dates her death to 23 September 1375.
  11. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 542.
  12. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 324; Richardson I 2011, p. 542.
  13. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 542.
  14. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 324; Richardson I 2011, p. 542.
  15. ^ Beltz 1841, p. 53;Richardson I 2011, p. 542.

Sources[edit]

  • Beltz, George Frederick (1841). Memorials of the Order of the Garter. London: William Pickering. pp. 51–4. 
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1916). The Complete Peerage, edited by Vicary Gibbs IV. London: St. Catherine Press. 
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. 

External links[edit]

  • For an edited version of Beltz's argument that Sir Hugh Courtenay was a founding member of the Order of the Garter, see [1]
  • For the entry for Sir Hugh Courtenay in The Peerage.com, see [2]