Embriaco family

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The Embriaco family were Genoese adventurers, who played an important part in the history of the Crusader states. They styled themselves "Lord (Seigneur) of Jebail" or "Giblet", "Gibelet" or "Gibelletto". Jebail is historic Byblos (Jbeil) in Lebanon.[1]

They arrived in Kingdom of Jerusalem as early as 1099, with Guglielmo Embriaco and his brother Primo di Castello.[2] They had Jebail, given to Hugh I Embriaco by Bertrand of Toulouse, from about 1110; it had been taken a few years before. Their power in Jebail lasted - apart from occupation by Saladin 1187-1197 - to the end to the thirteenth century, when they were defeated by Bohemond VII of Tripoli, and finally pushed out by Muslim advances.

  • Hugh I Embriaco of Giblet, Lord of Giblet (c. 1110-)
  • Hugh II Embriaco of Giblet, Lord of Giblet
  • William I Embriaco of Giblet, Lord of Giblet
  • William II Embriaco of Giblet, Lord of Giblet (-1157), married Fadie, daughter of Manasses of Hierges
  • Bertrand I Embriaco of Giblet, Lord of Giblet, married Doleta, daughter of Stephen of Armenia
  • Hugh III Embriaco, Lord of Giblet (d. 1196), married Stephanie of Milly, and had:
    • Plaisance Embriaco of Giblet (d. c. 1218),[3] married Bohemond IV of Antioch
    • Guy I Embriaco, Lord of Giblet (1197-1241), married in 1204 Alix, daughter of Bohemond III of Antioch, and had:
      • Henri I Embriaco of Giblet, Lord of Giblet (d. c. 1271), married c. 1250 Isabelle d'Ibelin, and had:
        • Guy II Embriaco of Giblet, Lord of Giblet (d. 1282) married Margaret Grenier of Sidon, daughter of Julian Grenier, Lord of Sidon
        • Balian Embriaco of Giblet (d. 1313)
        • Baldwin Embriaco of Giblet (d. 1282)
        • John Embriaco of Giblet (d. 1282), married Alaman N (?)
        • Marie Embriaco of Giblet (d. c. 1290), married Balian II d'Ibelin, Titular Consort Lord of Sidon
      • Raymond Embriaco of Giblet
      • Bertrand Embriaco of Giblet
      • Marie Embriaco of Giblet
      • Agnes Embriaco of Giblet, married Barthelemy, Lord of Soudin

Another branch:

  • Guillaume de Gibelet, married Fadie de Hierges and had:
    • Hugues de Giblet (d. c. 1220), Lord of Besmedin, married Agnes de Ham and had:
      • Raymond de Giblet (d. c. 1253), Lord of Besmedin, married firstly Marguerite de Scandelion and secondly Alix de Soudin, and had:
        • Jean I de Giblet, married Poitevine, daughter of a Marshal of Tripoli
          • Jean II de Giblet (d. c. 1315), married Marguerite du Plessis, without issue.
          • Marie de Giblet
        • Hugues de Giblet, died young
        • Henri de Giblet (d. 1310), Lord of Besmedin, married Marguerite de Morf, without issue
        • Bertrand de Giblet, died young
        • Eschiva de Giblet, married Raymundo Visconti
        • Agnes de Giblet
        • Suzanne de Giblet, died young
        • Marie de Giblet, married Guy de Montolif
      • Girard de Ham de Giblet (d. 1225)
      • Guillaume II de Giblet (d. c. 1243), married Anne de Montignac, and had:
        • Eudes de Giblet, died young
        • Girard de Giblet, died young
        • Jean III de Giblet, Lord of Saint-Foucy, married Gillette d'Angiller, and had:
          • Guillaume III de Giblet, married in 1318 Marie de Verny, without issue
          • Marie de Giblet
          • Eschiva de Giblet (d. c. 1350), married Simon Petit (d. 1355/1338)
        • Estefenie de Giblet, married Amaury le Bernier
        • Marie de Giblet, married Amaury le Flamenc
        • Femie de Giblet, died young
        • Agnes de Giblet, died young
      • Adam de Giblet, Lord of Adelon
      • Agnes de Giblet, married Dietrich von Dendermonde

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Je m'appelle Byblos, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, H & D, 2005. ISBN 2 914 266 04 9.
  2. ^ (Italian) Genoa
  3. ^ [1], Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades III, p.149.
  4. ^ [2], Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades III, p.407.

Coordinates: 34°07′12″N 35°38′47″E / 34.1200°N 35.6464°E / 34.1200; 35.6464