Hughenden, Queensland

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Hughenden
Queensland
Hughenden-dinosaur-outback-queensland-australia.JPG
Hughenden's dinosaur statue
Hughenden is located in Queensland
Hughenden
Hughenden
Coordinates 20°51′S 144°12′E / 20.850°S 144.200°E / -20.850; 144.200Coordinates: 20°51′S 144°12′E / 20.850°S 144.200°E / -20.850; 144.200
Population

1,154 (2006

census)[1]
Postcode(s) 4821
Elevation 324.0 m (1,063 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Flinders Shire
State electorate(s) Mount Isa
Federal Division(s) Kennedy
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
31.6 °C
89 °F
16.6 °C
62 °F
491.3 mm
19.3 in

Hughenden /ˈhjuːəndən/[2] is a town in Queensland, Australia situated on the banks of the Flinders River. It was named after Hughenden Manor, the home of former British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli. At the 2006 census, Hughenden had a population of 1,154.[1]

History[edit]

Hughenden Post Office opened on 1 July 1878 (a receiving office had been open from 1874).[3]

Torrens Creek near Hughenden is where the Americans stored explosives in World War II. The Americans didn't know of the dangerous bush fires out there. After they put out a fire they went back to camp thinking that the fire was out. However, the fire took hold again without them knowing. They then heard about twelve major explosions in succession; the explosions left craters twenty feet deep. Hot shrapnel covered a wide area and started more fires. In the townships, people said that buildings shook and windows broke, and some people were convinced that an air raid had occurred. Thousands of soldiers and civilians attacked the blaze in an attempt to stop it spreading to fuel dumps, but were unable to control it. When the fire got to the explosives it was so powerful it blew the Americans out of their trucks. Many buildings and shops got burnt down from the spreading fires. However the locals were able to save the post office. A police Constable from Torrens Creek Police was awarded the King’s Medal of Bravery.[4]

Heritage listings[edit]

Hughenden has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Geography[edit]

Hughenden is located on the Flinders Highway, 376 kilometres (234 mi) west of Townsville and 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) north-west of Brisbane, the state capital. The region around Hughenden is a major centre for the grazing of sheep and cattle. The main feed is annual grasses known as Flinders grass, which grow rapidly on the (by Australian standards) fertile grey or brown cracking clay soils after rain between November and March. However, because the rainfall is extremely erratic — at Hughenden itself it has ranged from 126 millimetres (5 in) in 1926 to 1,051 millimetres (41 in) in 1950 — droughts and floods are normal and stock number fluctuate greatly.

The runoff from the Flinders River is much too erratic to provide a sustainable supply for any crop-growing via irrigation.

Climate[edit]

Hughenden has a dry, tropical climate. Record temperatures have varied from around 44 °C (111 °F) in the Summer months to as low as −2 °C (28 °F) in winter, but average maximum temperatures are usually a very hot 36 °C (97 °F) in summer and a very warm 25 °C (77 °F) in June and July. Minima range from 22 °C (72 °F) in summer to around 10 °C (50 °F) in winter. On average, a minimum below 2 °C (36 °F) is recorded once per year.

The average annual rainfall is around 490 millimetres (19 in), of which over three-quarters falls from November to March. Between May and September, rainfall is extremely rare: the median rainfall is zero in August, less than 2 millimetres (0.1 in) in July and September and less than 10 millimetres (0.4 in) in April, May, June and October. Variability is extreme, however, and totals as high as 800 millimetres (31 in) occur roughly one year in ten, whilst in the driest years as little as 127 millimetres (5 in) can be recorded. Between December and March, monthly totals can exceed 330 millimetres (13 in) if the monsoon is vigorous.[6]

Humidity is generally low except when the monsoon is active, when relatively lower temperatures accompany high humidity. The same applies to cloudiness: in the dry winter months over twenty days are completely clear.

Climate data for Hughenden Post Office
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.6
(110.5)
42.8
(109)
40.1
(104.2)
37.8
(100)
33.6
(92.5)
33.5
(92.3)
34.3
(93.7)
36.1
(97)
39.3
(102.7)
40.4
(104.7)
43.9
(111)
44.0
(111.2)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F) 35.8
(96.4)
34.7
(94.5)
33.7
(92.7)
31.4
(88.5)
27.9
(82.2)
25.0
(77)
25.0
(77)
27.5
(81.5)
31.1
(88)
34.5
(94.1)
36.1
(97)
36.9
(98.4)
31.6
(88.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
22.1
(71.8)
20.5
(68.9)
17.0
(62.6)
13.2
(55.8)
9.8
(49.6)
8.8
(47.8)
10.4
(50.7)
14.0
(57.2)
18.0
(64.4)
20.5
(68.9)
22.0
(71.6)
16.6
(61.9)
Record low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.2
(59.4)
11.1
(52)
7.2
(45)
2.3
(36.1)
0.0
(32)
−2.0
(28.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.8
(40.6)
7.0
(44.6)
10.5
(50.9)
14.6
(58.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 114.5
(4.508)
98.0
(3.858)
58.2
(2.291)
26.0
(1.024)
17.8
(0.701)
18.6
(0.732)
11.6
(0.457)
7.9
(0.311)
9.0
(0.354)
22.3
(0.878)
36.0
(1.417)
71.1
(2.799)
491
(19.33)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 8.2 7.6 4.7 2.3 1.8 1.8 1.4 0.9 1.3 2.7 4.3 6.0 43
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[7]

Demographics[edit]

The Flinders Shire covers an area of 41,632 square kilometres (16,074 sq mi). The population of the Flinders Shire from the 1996 Census was 2,222. yet according to the 2001 Census the Shire population was 2,152 and in 2006 it is 1,356. Urban Hughenden's estimated population as of June 2006 is 1,154.[8]

Planned growth[edit]

It is thought that by the year 2025, Hughenden will be a very different town. The Council and community groups have discussed putting in place a range of initiatives so that Hughenden’s future is positive. Hughenden has taken advantage of being at the crossroads of two major highways. Land sales in Hughenden Industrial Estate have shown high growth with Stage 1 all sold and stage 2 and 3 being rushed through the Council so the next development can start. With the Industrial Estate growing, residential growth will also grow, making Hughenden well placed for growth.[9]

Media[edit]

The Flinders Whisper is a free, local weekly newsletter that is published in Hughenden by the Great Northern Telecentre. Over 1200 copies of The Whisper are distributed throughout Hughenden, Richmond, Prairie, Torrens Creek, Stamford and Pentland. Hughenden is served by five radio stations.

Facilities[edit]

Hughenden has a visitor information centre, library, showground, shire hall, racecourse and dinosaur statue.

Sport[edit]

Hughenden has a large range of sports on offer, including pony clubs, swimming, lawn bowls, golf, netball, tennis, campdrafting, rugby league, and gymnastics.[10]

Attractions[edit]

Apart from agricultural business, Hughenden also boasts a replica of the Muttaburrasaurus, a dinosaur, whose bones were discovered in 1963 near Muttaburra (220 km by road from Hughenden)and some teeth and other bones were also discovered around Hughenden. One reason for fossils being discovered must be the dry climate, which means the rocks are usually bare of vegetation. The town is home to the Hughenden Dinosaur Festival, which attracts tourists and includes entertainment and other events.[11] Other annual events include the Hughenden Show, held the first week end in June; the Hughenden Country Music Festival, held every Easter week end and the Bullride and Race Day which is held in September. The Matron's Ball is also a popular annual event. In August 2008, Hughenden hosted the first Arid Lands Festival and The Great Hughenden Camel Endurance Challenge.[12]

Transport[edit]

See also[edit]

Long distance rail services
Preceding station   Queensland Rail   Following station
toward Townsville
The Inlander
toward Mount Isa

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hughenden (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  4. ^ History
  5. ^ "The Grand Hotel (entry 3755)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  6. ^ Wilcox, Jacqui and Young, Phillip; Queensland's rainfall history: graphs of rainfall averages, 1880–1988; published 1991 by Queensland Department of Primary Industries. ISBN 0-7242-3913-8
  7. ^ "HUGHENDEN POST OFFICE". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hughenden (Urban Centre/Locality". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  9. ^ Hughenden Growth
  10. ^ Hughenden - Community Groups, accessed 4 July 2008.
  11. ^ Events
  12. ^ Arid Lands Australia Incorporated, accessed 22 March 2008.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]