Hugo Award for Best Fanzine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hugo Award for Best Fanzine
Awarded for The best non-professional magazine devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1955
Currently held by SF Signal (edited by John DeNardo, JP Frantz, and Patrick Hester)
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Fanzine was given each year for non professionally edited magazines, or "fanzines", related to science fiction or fantasy, published in English, and which has published four or more issues with at least one issue appearing in the previous calendar year.[4] Awards were also once given out for professional magazines in the professional magazine category, and since 1984 have been awarded for semi-professional magazines in the semiprozine category; several magazines that were nominated for or won the fanzine category have gone on to be nominated for or win the semiprozine category since it was established.

The award was first presented in 1955, and has been given annually since except for in 1958. A "fanzine" is defined for the award as a magazine that does not meet the Hugo award's criteria for a professional or semi-professional magazine. Specifically, it must meet less than two of the five Hugo criteria for consideration as a semiprozine: that the magazine had an average press run of at least one thousand copies per issue, paid its contributors and/or staff in other than copies of the publication, provided at least half the income of any one person, had at least fifteen percent of its total space occupied by advertising, and announced itself to be a semiprozine.[5] This is the oldest long-running Hugo award for fan activity; in 1967 Hugo Awards were added specifically for fan writing and fan art. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1946, 1951, and 1954, and the fanzine category has been included each year.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon), and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are the five most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated. The 1955 and 1956 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up magazines, but since 1957 all of the candidates were recorded.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[1][9]

During the 63 nomination years, including Retro Hugo years, 107 magazines run by 143 editors have been nominated. Of these, 34 magazines run by 51 editors have won, including ties. Locus has won 8 times out of 13 nominations, the most wins of any magazine. Mimosa has won 6 of 14 nominations and File 770 has won 6 of 29, the most nominations of any magazine. Ansible has won 5 out of 11 and Science Fiction Review has won 4 of 11; they are the only other magazines to win more than twice. Challenger has the most nominations without winning at 12; the next highest is FOSFAX with 7. As editor of Locus Charles N. Brown has won 8 of 13 nominations, though he shared 8 of those awards with Dena Brown. Richard E. Geis has won 6 of 14 nominations for his work on Science Fiction Review, Psychotic, and The Alien Critic; Mike Glyer has won 6 of 29 for editing File 770; David Langford has won 5 of 12 for work on Ansible and Twil-Ddu; and Richard Lynch and Nicki Lynch have both won 6 of 14 nominations for Mimosa. Guy H. Lillian III has the most nominations without winning at 12 for Challenger.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the work was first published. Each date links to the "year in literature" article corresponding with when the work was eligible. Entries with a blue background won the award for that year; those with a white background are the other nominees on the short-list. Note that two magazines are listed under multiple names: Zenith was renamed to Zenith Speculation and later to Speculation, while Algol was renamed to Starship; no other nominated magazine has undergone a name change during the period the award has been active.[10][11] Those magazines are sorted under the first name they were nominated as.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Work Editor(s) Ref
1955 Fantasy-Times* Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr. and Ray Van Houten [12]
1956 Inside* (tie) Smith, RonRon Smith [13]
1956 Science Fiction Advertiser* (tie) Smith, RonRon Smith [13]
1957 Science-Fiction Times* Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr., Ray Van Houten and Frank R. Prieto, Jr. [14]
1957 Hyphen Willis, WaltWalt Willis and Chuck Harris [14]
1957 Inside Smith, RonRon Smith [14]
1959 Fanac* Carr, TerryTerry Carr and Ron Ellik [15]
1959 Cry of the Nameless Busby, F. M.F. M. Busby, Elinor Busby, Burnett Toskey and Wally Weber [15]
1959 Hyphen Willis, WaltWalt Willis and Chuck Harris [15]
1959 JD-Argassy Hickman, Lynn A.Lynn A. Hickman [15]
1959 Science-Fiction Times Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr., Ray Van Houten and Frank R. Prieto, Jr. [15]
1959 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [15]
1960 Cry of the Nameless* Busby, F. M.F. M. Busby, Elinor Busby, Burnett Toskey and Wally Weber [16]
1960 Fanac Carr, TerryTerry Carr and Ron Ellik [16]
1960 JD-Argassy Hickman, Lynn A.Lynn A. Hickman [16]
1960 Science-Fiction Times Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr., Ray Van Houten and Frank R. Prieto, Jr. [16]
1960 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [16]
1961 Who Killed Science Fiction?* Kemp, EarlEarl Kemp [17]
1961 Discord Boggs, ReddRedd Boggs [17]
1961 Fanac Carr, TerryTerry Carr and Ron Ellik [17]
1961 Habakkuk Donaho, BillBill Donaho [17]
1961 Shangri L'Affaires Trimble, BjoBjo Trimble and John Trimble [17]
1961 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [17]
1962 Warhoon* Bergeron, RichardRichard Bergeron [18]
1962 Amra Scithers, George H.George H. Scithers [18]
1962 Axe Shaw, Larry T.Larry T. Shaw and Noreen Shaw [18]
1962 Cry Busby, F. M.F. M. Busby, Elinor Busby, and Wally Weber [18]
1962 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [18]
1963 Xero* Lupoff, Richard A.Richard A. Lupoff and Pat Lupoff [19]
1963 Mirage Chalker, Jack L.Jack L. Chalker [19]
1963 Shangri L'Affaires Patten, FredFred Patten, Albert Lewis, Bjo Trimble, and John Trimble [19]
1963 Warhoon Bergeron, RichardRichard Bergeron [19]
1963 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [19]
1964 Amra* Scithers, George H.George H. Scithers [20]
1964 ERB-dom Cazedessus, Jr., CamilleCamille Cazedessus, Jr. [20]
1964 Starspinkle Ellik, RonRon Ellik [20]
1964 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [20]
1965 Yandro* Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [21]
1965 Double: Bill Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Bill Mallardi [21]
1965 Zenith Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [21]
1966 ERB-dom* Cazedessus, Jr., CamilleCamille Cazedessus, Jr. [22]
1966 Double: Bill Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Bill Mallardi [22]
1966 Niekas Meskys, Edmund R.Edmund R. Meskys and Felice Rolfe [22]
1966 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [22]
1966 Zenith Speculation Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [22]
1967 Niekas* Meskys, Edmund R.Edmund R. Meskys and Felice Rolfe [23]
1967 Australian SF Review Bangsund, JohnJohn Bangsund [23]
1967 Lighthouse Carr, TerryTerry Carr [23]
1967 Habakkuk Donaho, BillBill Donaho [23]
1967 Riverside Quarterly Sapiro, LelandLeland Sapiro [23]
1967 Trumpet Reamy, TomTom Reamy [23]
1967 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [23]
1968 Amra* Scithers, George H.George H. Scithers [24]
1968 Australian SF Review Bangsund, JohnJohn Bangsund [24]
1968 Lighthouse Carr, TerryTerry Carr [24]
1968 ODD Fisher, RaymondRaymond Fisher [24]
1968 Psychotic Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [24]
1968 Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [24]
1969 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [25]
1969 Riverside Quarterly Sapiro, LelandLeland Sapiro [25]
1969 Shangri L'Affaires Rudolph, KenKen Rudolph [25]
1969 Trumpet Reamy, TomTom Reamy [25]
1969 Warhoon Bergeron, RichardRichard Bergeron [25]
1970 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [26]
1970 BeABohema Lunney, FrankFrank Lunney [26]
1970 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [26]
1970 Riverside Quarterly Sapiro, LelandLeland Sapiro [26]
1970 Speculation Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [26]
1971 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [27]
1971 Energumen Glicksohn, MichaelMichael Glicksohn and Susan Wood Glicksohn [27]
1971 Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Joan Bowers [27]
1971 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [27]
1971 Speculation Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [27]
1972 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [28]
1972 Energumen Glicksohn, MichaelMichael Glicksohn and Susan Wood Glicksohn [28]
1972 Granfalloon Bushyager, RonRon Bushyager and Linda Bushyager [28]
1972 SF Commentary Gillespie, BruceBruce Gillespie [28]
1973 Energumen* Glicksohn, MichaelMichael Glicksohn and Susan Wood Glicksohn [29]
1973 Algol Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [29]
1973 Granfalloon Bushyager, RonRon Bushyager and Linda Bushyager [29]
1973 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [29]
1973 SF Commentary Gillespie, BruceBruce Gillespie [29]
1974 The Alien Critic* (tie) Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [30]
1974 Algol* (tie) Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [30]
1974 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [30]
1974 Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Joan Bowers [30]
1975 The Alien Critic* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [31]
1975 Algol Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [31]
1975 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [31]
1975 Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Joan Bowers [31]
1975 SF Commentary Gillespie, BruceBruce Gillespie [31]
1975 Starling Luttrell, HankHank Luttrell and Lesleigh Luttrell [31]
1976 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [32]
1976 Algol Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [32]
1976 Don-O-Saur Thompson, Don C.Don C. Thompson [32]
1976 Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers [32]
1976 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [32]
1977 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [33]
1977 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [33]
1977 Mythologies D'ammassa, DonDon D'ammassa [33]
1977 Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers [33]
1977 The Spanish Inquisition Tompkins, SuzanneSuzanne Tompkins and Jerry Kaufman [33]
1978 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [34]
1978 Don-O-Saur Thompson, Don C.Don C. Thompson [34]
1978 Janus Bogstad, JaniceJanice Bogstad and Jeanne Gomoll [34]
1978 Maya Jackson, RobRob Jackson [34]
1978 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [34]
1979 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [35]
1979 Janus Bogstad, JaniceJanice Bogstad and Jeanne Gomoll [35]
1979 Maya Jackson, RobRob Jackson [35]
1979 Mota Hughes, TerryTerry Hughes [35]
1979 Twll-Ddu Langford, DavidDavid Langford [35]
1980 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [36]
1980 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [36]
1980 Janus Bogstad, JaniceJanice Bogstad and Jeanne Gomoll [36]
1980 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [36]
1980 Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [36]
1981 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [37]
1981 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [37]
1981 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [37]
1981 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [37]
1981 Starship Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [37]
1982 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [38]
1982 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [38]
1982 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [38]
1982 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [38]
1983 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [39]
1983 Fantasy Newsletter Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [39]
1983 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [39]
1983 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [39]
1983 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [39]
1984 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [40]
1984 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [40]
1984 Holier Than Thou Cantor, MartyMarty Cantor and Robbie Cantor [40]
1984 Izzard Nielsen Hayden, PatrickPatrick Nielsen Hayden and Teresa Nielsen Hayden [40]
1984 The Philk Fee-Nom-Ee-Non Willett, Paul J.Paul J. Willett [40]
1985 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [41]
1985 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [41]
1985 Holier Than Thou Cantor, MartyMarty Cantor and Robbie Cantor [41]
1985 Mythologies D'ammassa, DonDon D'ammassa [41]
1985 Rataplan Edmonds, LeighLeigh Edmonds [41]
1986 Lan's Lantern* Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [42]
1986 Anvil Proctor, CharlotteCharlotte Proctor [42]
1986 Greater Columbia Fantasy Costumers Guild Newsletter Gear, BobbyBobby Gear [42]
1986 Holier Than Thou Cantor, MartyMarty Cantor and Robbie Cantor [42]
1986 Universal Translator Bridges, SusanSusan Bridges [42]
1987 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [43]
1987 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [43]
1987 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [43]
1987 Texas SF Inquirer Mueller, PatPat Mueller [43]
1987 Trap Door Lichtman, RobertRobert Lichtman [43]
1988 Texas SF Inquirer* Mueller, PatPat Mueller [44]
1988 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [44]
1988 FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane [44]
1988 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [44]
1988 The Mad 3 Party Turek, LeslieLeslie Turek [44]
1989 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [45]
1989 FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane [45]
1989 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [45]
1989 Niekas Meskys, Edmund R.Edmund R. Meskys [45]
1989 OtherRealms Von Rospach, ChuqChuq Von Rospach [45]
1990 The Mad 3 Party* Turek, LeslieLeslie Turek [46]
1990 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [46]
1990 FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane [46]
1990 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [46]
1990 Pirate Jenny Mueller, PatPat Mueller [46]
1991 Lan's Lantern* Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [47]
1991 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [47]
1991 FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Janice Moore [47]
1991 Mainstream Kaufman, JerryJerry Kaufman and Suzanne Tompkins [47]
1991 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [47]
1992 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [48]
1992 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [48]
1992 FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Janice Moore [48]
1992 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [48]
1992 Trap Door Lichtman, RobertRobert Lichtman [48]
1993 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [49]
1993 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [49]
1993 FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Janice Moore [49]
1993 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [49]
1993 STET Smith, Leah ZeldesLeah Zeldes Smith and Dick Smith [49]
1994 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [50]
1994 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [50]
1994 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [50]
1994 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [50]
1994 STET Smith, Leah ZeldesLeah Zeldes Smith and Dick Smith [50]
1995 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [51]
1995 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [51]
1995 Habakkuk Donaho, BillBill Donaho [51]
1995 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [51]
1995 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [51]
1996 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [52]
1996 Apparatchik Hooper, AndrewAndrew Hooper and Victor Gonzalez [52]
1996 Attitude Abbott, MichaelMichael Abbott, John Dallman, and Pam Wells [52]
1996 FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Elizabeth Garrott [52]
1996 Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [52]
1996 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [52]
1997 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [53]
1997 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [53]
1997 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [53]
1997 Nova Express Person, LawrenceLawrence Person [53]
1997 Tangent Truesdale, DavidDavid Truesdale [53]
1998 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [54]
1998 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [54]
1998 Attitude Abbott, MichaelMichael Abbott, John Dallman, and Pam Wells [54]
1998 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [54]
1998 Tangent Truesdale, DavidDavid Truesdale [54]
1999 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [55]
1999 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [55]
1999 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [55]
1999 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [55]
1999 Tangent Truesdale, DavidDavid Truesdale [55]
1999 Thyme Stewart, AlanAlan Stewart [55]
2000 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [56]
2000 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [56]
2000 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [56]
2000 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [56]
2000 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [56]
2001 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [57]
2001 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [57]
2001 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [57]
2001 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [57]
2001 STET Smith, Leah ZeldesLeah Zeldes Smith and Dick Smith [57]
2002 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [58]
2002 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [58]
2002 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [58]
2002 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [58]
2002 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [58]
2003 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [59]
2003 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [59]
2003 Emerald City Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [59]
2003 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [59]
2003 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [59]
2004 Emerald City* Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [60]
2004 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [60]
2004 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [60]
2004 Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [60]
2004 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [60]
2005 Plokta* Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [61]
2005 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [61]
2005 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [61]
2005 Chunga Byers, RandyRandy Byers, Andy Hooper, and Carl Juarez [61]
2005 Emerald City Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [61]
2006 Plokta* Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [62]
2006 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [62]
2006 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [62]
2006 Chunga Byers, RandyRandy Byers, Andy Hooper, and Carl Juarez [62]
2006 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [62]
2007 Science-Fiction Five-Yearly* Hoffman, LeeLee Hoffman, Geri Sullivan, and Randy Byers [63]
2007 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [63]
2007 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [63]
2007 The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia [63]
2007 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [63]
2008 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [64]
2008 Argentus Silver, Steven HSteven H Silver [64]
2008 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [64]
2008 The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia [64]
2008 Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [64]
2009 Electric Velocipede* Klima, JohnJohn Klima [65]
2009 Argentus Silver, Steven HSteven H Silver [65]
2009 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [65]
2009 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [65]
2009 The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia [65]
2009 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [65]
2010 StarShipSofa* Smith, Tony C.Tony C. Smith [66]
2010 Argentus Silver, Steven HSteven H Silver [66]
2010 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [66]
2010 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [66]
2010 The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [66]
2010 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [66]
2011 The Drink Tank* Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [67]
2011 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [67]
2011 Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [67]
2011 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [67]
2011 StarShipSofa Smith, Tony C.Tony C. Smith [67]
2012 SF Signal* DeNardo, JohnJohn DeNardo [68]
2012 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [68]
2012 The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [68]
2012 File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [68]
2012 Journey Planet Bacon, JamesJames Bacon and Christopher Garcia [68]
2013 SF Signal* DeNardo, JohnJohn DeNardo, JP Frantz, and Patrick Hester [69]
2013 Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [69]
2013 The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [69]
2013 Elitist Book Reviews Diamond, StevenSteven Diamond [69]
2013 Journey Planet Bacon, JamesJames Bacon, Christopher Garcia, Emma J. King, Helen J. Montgomery, and Pete Young [69]
2014 The Book Smugglers Grilo, AnaAna Grilo and Thea James [70]
2014 A Dribble of Ink Moher, AidanAidan Moher [70]
2014 Elitist Book Reviews Diamond, StevenSteven Diamond [70]
2014 Journey Planet Bacon, JamesJames Bacon, Christopher Garcia, Lynda E. Rucker, Pete Young, Colin Harris, and Helen J.Montgomery [70]
2014 Pornokitsch Perry, Anne C.Anne C. Perry and Jared Shurin [70]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[6][Note 1] Retro Hugos have been awarded four times, for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954. The 1939 award was given 75 years later; the other three of these awards were given 50 years later.[7] The next year that Retro Hugos can be awarded is 2015, for 1940.[6]

Year Year awarded Work Editor(s) Ref
1939 2014 Fantascience Digest Madle, Robert A.Robert A. Madle [71]
1939 2014 Fantasy News Taurasi, James V.James V. Taurasi [71]
1939 2014 Imagination! Ackerman, Forrest JForrest J Ackerman, Morojo, and T. Bruce Yerke [71]
1939 2014 Novae Terrae Hanson, Maurice K.Maurice K. Hanson [71]
1939 2014 Tomorrow Mayer, Douglas W. F.Douglas W. F. Mayer [71]
1946 1996 Voice of the Imagi-Nation* Ackerman, Forrest J.Forrest J. Ackerman [72]
1946 1996 The Acolyte Laney, Francis TownerFrancis Towner Laney [72]
1946 1996 Chanticleer Liebscher, WaltWalt Liebscher [72]
1946 1996 Fantasy Commentator Searles, A. LangleyA. Langley Searles [72]
1946 1996 Shangri L'Affaires Burbee, Charles E.Charles E. Burbee and Gerald Hewitt [72]
1951 2001 Science Fiction Newsletter* Tucker, WilsonWilson Tucker [73]
1951 2001 The Fanscient Day, Donald B.Donald B. Day [73]
1951 2001 Quandry Hoffman, LeeLee Hoffman [73]
1951 2001 Sky Hook Boggs, ReddRedd Boggs [73]
1951 2001 Slant Willis, WaltWalt Willis and James White [73]
1951 2001 Spacewarp Rapp, ArtArt Rapp [73]
1954 2004 Slant* Willis, WaltWalt Willis and James White [74]
1954 2004 Hyphen Willis, WaltWalt Willis and Chuck Harris [74]
1954 2004 Quandry Hoffman, LeeLee Hoffman [74]
1954 2004 Science Fiction Newsletter Tucker, WilsonWilson Tucker [74]
1954 2004 Sky Hook Boggs, ReddRedd Boggs [74]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although no "Best Fanzine" Hugo was awarded at the 1958 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1958 awarded in 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  2. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. London, England: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  3. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. London, England: Ocean Media. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  4. ^ "The World Science Fiction Society Rules 1971". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  5. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Hugo Award Categories". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  6. ^ a b c d "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  7. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  8. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  9. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  10. ^ Sanders, J. L. (1985). "Zenith Science Fiction/Zenith Speculation/Speculation". In Tymn, M. B.; Ashley, Mike. Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Weird Fiction Magazines. Westport, CT: Greenwood. p. 886. ISBN 0-313-21221-X. 
  11. ^ Ashley, Michael (2007). Gateways to Forever: The Story of the Science-Fiction Magazines from 1970 to 1980 Volume 3. Liverpool, England: Liverpool University Press. p. xix. ISBN 1-84631-002-4. 
  12. ^ "1955 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  13. ^ a b "1956 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  14. ^ a b c "1957 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "1959 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "1960 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f "1961 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "1962 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  19. ^ a b c d e "1963 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  20. ^ a b c d "1964 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  21. ^ a b c "1965 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "1966 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g "1967 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f "1968 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "1969 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "1970 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "1971 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  28. ^ a b c d "1972 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  29. ^ a b c d e "1973 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  30. ^ a b c d "1974 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f "1975 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  32. ^ a b c d e "1976 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  33. ^ a b c d e "1977 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  34. ^ a b c d e "1978 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  35. ^ a b c d e "1979 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  36. ^ a b c d e "1980 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  37. ^ a b c d e "1981 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  38. ^ a b c d "1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  39. ^ a b c d e "1983 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "1984 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  41. ^ a b c d e "1985 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  42. ^ a b c d e "1986 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  43. ^ a b c d e "1987 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  44. ^ a b c d e "1988 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  45. ^ a b c d e "1989 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  46. ^ a b c d e "1990 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  47. ^ a b c d e "1991 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  48. ^ a b c d e "1992 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  49. ^ a b c d e "1993 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  50. ^ a b c d e "1994 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  51. ^ a b c d e "1995 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  52. ^ a b c d e f "1996 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  53. ^ a b c d e "1997 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  54. ^ a b c d e "1998 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  55. ^ a b c d e f "1999 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  56. ^ a b c d e "2000 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  57. ^ a b c d e "2001 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  58. ^ a b c d e "2002 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  59. ^ a b c d e "2003 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  60. ^ a b c d e "2004 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  61. ^ a b c d e "2005 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  62. ^ a b c d e "2006 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  63. ^ a b c d e "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  64. ^ a b c d e "2008 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  65. ^ a b c d e f "2009 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  66. ^ a b c d e f "2010 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  67. ^ a b c d e "2011 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  68. ^ a b c d e "2012 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  69. ^ a b c d e "2013 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  70. ^ a b c d e "2014 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  71. ^ a b c d e "1939 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  72. ^ a b c d e "1946 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  73. ^ a b c d e f "1951 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  74. ^ a b c d e "1954 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 

External links[edit]