Hugo Award for Best Fanzine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hugo Award for Best Fanzine
Awarded for The best non-professional magazine devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1955
Most recent winner A Dribble of Ink (edited by Aidan Moher)
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Fanzine was given each year for non professionally edited magazines, or "fanzines", related to science fiction or fantasy, published in English, and which has published four or more issues with at least one issue appearing in the previous calendar year.[4] Awards were also once given out for professional magazines in the professional magazine category, and since 1984 have been awarded for semi-professional magazines in the semiprozine category; several magazines that were nominated for or won the fanzine category have gone on to be nominated for or win the semiprozine category since it was established.

The award was first presented in 1955, and has been given annually since except for in 1958. A "fanzine" is defined for the award as a magazine that does not meet the Hugo award's criteria for a professional or semi-professional magazine. Specifically, it must meet less than two of the five Hugo criteria for consideration as a semiprozine: that the magazine had an average press run of at least one thousand copies per issue, paid its contributors and/or staff in other than copies of the publication, provided at least half the income of any one person, had at least fifteen percent of its total space occupied by advertising, and announced itself to be a semiprozine.[5] This is the oldest long-running Hugo award for fan activity; in 1967 Hugo Awards were added specifically for fan writing and fan art. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954, and the fanzine category has been included each year.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon), and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are the five most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated. The 1955 and 1956 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up magazines, but since 1957 all of the candidates were recorded.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[1][9]

During the 63 nomination years, including Retro Hugo years, 107 magazines run by 143 editors have been nominated. Of these, 36 magazines run by 54 editors have won, including ties. Locus has won 8 times out of 13 nominations, the most wins of any magazine. Mimosa has won 6 of 14 nominations and File 770 has won 6 of 29, the most nominations of any magazine. Ansible has won 5 out of 11 and Science Fiction Review has won 4 of 11; they are the only other magazines to win more than twice. Challenger has the most nominations without winning at 12; the next highest is FOSFAX with 7. As editor of Locus Charles N. Brown has won 8 of 13 nominations, though he shared 8 of those awards with Dena Brown. Richard E. Geis has won 6 of 14 nominations for his work on Science Fiction Review, Psychotic, and The Alien Critic; Mike Glyer has won 6 of 29 for editing File 770; David Langford has won 5 of 12 for work on Ansible and Twil-Ddu; and Richard Lynch and Nicki Lynch have both won 6 of 14 nominations for Mimosa. Guy H. Lillian III has the most nominations without winning at 12 for Challenger.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the work was first published. Each date links to the "year in literature" article corresponding with when the work was eligible. Entries with a blue background won the award for that year; those with a white background are the other nominees on the short-list. Note that two magazines are listed under multiple names: Zenith was renamed to Zenith Speculation and later to Speculation, while Algol was renamed to Starship; no other magazines have been nominated under multiple names.[10][11] Those magazines are sorted under the first name they were nominated as.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Work Editor(s) Ref.
1955 Fantasy-Times* Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr. and Ray Van Houten [12]
1956 Inside* Smith, RonRon Smith [13]
Science Fiction Advertiser* Smith, RonRon Smith [13]
1957 Science-Fiction Times* Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr., Ray Van Houten and Frank R. Prieto, Jr. [14]
Hyphen Willis, WaltWalt Willis and Chuck Harris [14]
Inside Smith, RonRon Smith [14]
1959 Fanac* Carr, TerryTerry Carr and Ron Ellik [15]
Cry of the Nameless Busby, F. M.F. M. Busby, Elinor Busby, Burnett Toskey and Wally Weber [15]
Hyphen Willis, WaltWalt Willis and Chuck Harris [15]
JD-Argassy Hickman, Lynn A.Lynn A. Hickman [15]
Science-Fiction Times Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr., Ray Van Houten and Frank R. Prieto, Jr. [15]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [15]
1960 Cry of the Nameless* Busby, F. M.F. M. Busby, Elinor Busby, Burnett Toskey and Wally Weber [16]
Fanac Carr, TerryTerry Carr and Ron Ellik [16]
JD-Argassy Hickman, Lynn A.Lynn A. Hickman [16]
Science-Fiction Times Taurasi, Sr., James V.James V. Taurasi, Sr., Ray Van Houten and Frank R. Prieto, Jr. [16]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [16]
1961 Who Killed Science Fiction?* Kemp, EarlEarl Kemp [17]
Discord Boggs, ReddRedd Boggs [17]
Fanac Carr, TerryTerry Carr and Ron Ellik [17]
Habakkuk Donaho, BillBill Donaho [17]
Shangri L'Affaires Trimble, BjoBjo Trimble and John Trimble [17]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [17]
1962 Warhoon* Bergeron, RichardRichard Bergeron [18]
Amra Scithers, George H.George H. Scithers [18]
Axe Shaw, Larry T.Larry T. Shaw and Noreen Shaw [18]
Cry Busby, F. M.F. M. Busby, Elinor Busby, and Wally Weber [18]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [18]
1963 Xero* Lupoff, Richard A.Richard A. Lupoff and Pat Lupoff [19]
Mirage Chalker, Jack L.Jack L. Chalker [19]
Shangri L'Affaires Patten, FredFred Patten, Albert Lewis, Bjo Trimble, and John Trimble [19]
Warhoon Bergeron, RichardRichard Bergeron [19]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [19]
1964 Amra* Scithers, George H.George H. Scithers [20]
ERB-dom Cazedessus, Jr., CamilleCamille Cazedessus, Jr. [20]
Starspinkle Ellik, RonRon Ellik [20]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [20]
1965 Yandro* Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [21]
Double: Bill Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Bill Mallardi [21]
Zenith Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [21]
1966 ERB-dom* Cazedessus, Jr., CamilleCamille Cazedessus, Jr. [22]
Double: Bill Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Bill Mallardi [22]
Niekas Meskys, Edmund R.Edmund R. Meskys and Felice Rolfe [22]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [22]
Zenith Speculation Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [22]
1967 Niekas* Meskys, Edmund R.Edmund R. Meskys and Felice Rolfe [23]
Australian SF Review Bangsund, JohnJohn Bangsund [23]
Lighthouse Carr, TerryTerry Carr [23]
Habakkuk Donaho, BillBill Donaho [23]
Riverside Quarterly Sapiro, LelandLeland Sapiro [23]
Trumpet Reamy, TomTom Reamy [23]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [23]
1968 Amra* Scithers, George H.George H. Scithers [24]
Australian SF Review Bangsund, JohnJohn Bangsund [24]
Lighthouse Carr, TerryTerry Carr [24]
ODD Fisher, RaymondRaymond Fisher [24]
Psychotic Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [24]
Yandro Coulson, RobertRobert Coulson and Juanita Coulson [24]
1969 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [25]
Riverside Quarterly Sapiro, LelandLeland Sapiro [25]
Shangri L'Affaires Rudolph, KenKen Rudolph [25]
Trumpet Reamy, TomTom Reamy [25]
Warhoon Bergeron, RichardRichard Bergeron [25]
1970 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [26]
BeABohema Lunney, FrankFrank Lunney [26]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [26]
Riverside Quarterly Sapiro, LelandLeland Sapiro [26]
Speculation Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [26]
1971 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [27]
Energumen Glicksohn, MichaelMichael Glicksohn and Susan Wood Glicksohn [27]
Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Joan Bowers [27]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [27]
Speculation Weston, Peter R.Peter R. Weston [27]
1972 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [28]
Energumen Glicksohn, MichaelMichael Glicksohn and Susan Wood Glicksohn [28]
Granfalloon Bushyager, RonRon Bushyager and Linda Bushyager [28]
SF Commentary Gillespie, BruceBruce Gillespie [28]
1973 Energumen* Glicksohn, MichaelMichael Glicksohn and Susan Wood Glicksohn [29]
Algol Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [29]
Granfalloon Bushyager, RonRon Bushyager and Linda Bushyager [29]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [29]
SF Commentary Gillespie, BruceBruce Gillespie [29]
1974 The Alien Critic* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [30]
Algol* Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [30]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [30]
Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Joan Bowers [30]
1975 The Alien Critic* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [31]
Algol Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [31]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [31]
Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers and Joan Bowers [31]
SF Commentary Gillespie, BruceBruce Gillespie [31]
Starling Luttrell, HankHank Luttrell and Lesleigh Luttrell [31]
1976 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [32]
Algol Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [32]
Don-O-Saur Thompson, Don C.Don C. Thompson [32]
Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers [32]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [32]
1977 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [33]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [33]
Mythologies D'ammassa, DonDon D'ammassa [33]
Outworlds Bowers, BillBill Bowers [33]
The Spanish Inquisition Tompkins, SuzanneSuzanne Tompkins and Jerry Kaufman [33]
1978 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown and Dena Brown [34]
Don-O-Saur Thompson, Don C.Don C. Thompson [34]
Janus Bogstad, JaniceJanice Bogstad and Jeanne Gomoll [34]
Maya Jackson, RobRob Jackson [34]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [34]
1979 Science Fiction Review* Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [35]
Janus Bogstad, JaniceJanice Bogstad and Jeanne Gomoll [35]
Maya Jackson, RobRob Jackson [35]
Mota Hughes, TerryTerry Hughes [35]
Twll-Ddu Langford, DavidDavid Langford [35]
1980 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [36]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [36]
Janus Bogstad, JaniceJanice Bogstad and Jeanne Gomoll [36]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [36]
Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [36]
1981 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [37]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [37]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [37]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [37]
Starship Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [37]
1982 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [38]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [38]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [38]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [38]
1983 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [39]
Fantasy Newsletter Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [39]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [39]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [39]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [39]
1984 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [40]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [40]
Holier Than Thou Cantor, MartyMarty Cantor and Robbie Cantor [40]
Izzard Nielsen Hayden, PatrickPatrick Nielsen Hayden and Teresa Nielsen Hayden [40]
The Philk Fee-Nom-Ee-Non Willett, Paul J.Paul J. Willett [40]
1985 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [41]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [41]
Holier Than Thou Cantor, MartyMarty Cantor and Robbie Cantor [41]
Mythologies D'ammassa, DonDon D'ammassa [41]
Rataplan Edmonds, LeighLeigh Edmonds [41]
1986 Lan's Lantern* Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [42]
Anvil Proctor, CharlotteCharlotte Proctor [42]
Greater Columbia Fantasy Costumers Guild Newsletter Gear, BobbyBobby Gear [42]
Holier Than Thou Cantor, MartyMarty Cantor and Robbie Cantor [42]
Universal Translator Bridges, SusanSusan Bridges [42]
1987 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [43]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [43]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [43]
Texas SF Inquirer Mueller, PatPat Mueller [43]
Trap Door Lichtman, RobertRobert Lichtman [43]
1988 Texas SF Inquirer* Mueller, PatPat Mueller [44]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [44]
FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane [44]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [44]
The Mad 3 Party Turek, LeslieLeslie Turek [44]
1989 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [45]
FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane [45]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [45]
Niekas Meskys, Edmund R.Edmund R. Meskys [45]
OtherRealms Von Rospach, ChuqChuq Von Rospach [45]
1990 The Mad 3 Party* Turek, LeslieLeslie Turek [46]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [46]
FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane [46]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [46]
Pirate Jenny Mueller, PatPat Mueller [46]
1991 Lan's Lantern* Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [47]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [47]
FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Janice Moore [47]
Mainstream Kaufman, JerryJerry Kaufman and Suzanne Tompkins [47]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [47]
1992 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [48]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [48]
FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Janice Moore [48]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [48]
Trap Door Lichtman, RobertRobert Lichtman [48]
1993 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [49]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [49]
FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Janice Moore [49]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [49]
STET Smith, Leah ZeldesLeah Zeldes Smith and Dick Smith [49]
1994 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [50]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [50]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [50]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [50]
STET Smith, Leah ZeldesLeah Zeldes Smith and Dick Smith [50]
1995 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [51]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [51]
Habakkuk Donaho, BillBill Donaho [51]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [51]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [51]
1996 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [52]
Apparatchik Hooper, AndrewAndrew Hooper and Victor Gonzalez [52]
Attitude Abbott, MichaelMichael Abbott, John Dallman, and Pam Wells [52]
FOSFAX Lane, TimothyTimothy Lane and Elizabeth Garrott [52]
Lan's Lantern Laskowski, George "Lan"George "Lan" Laskowski [52]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [52]
1997 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [53]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [53]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [53]
Nova Express Person, LawrenceLawrence Person [53]
Tangent Truesdale, DavidDavid Truesdale [53]
1998 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [54]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [54]
Attitude Abbott, MichaelMichael Abbott, John Dallman, and Pam Wells [54]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [54]
Tangent Truesdale, DavidDavid Truesdale [54]
1999 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [55]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [55]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [55]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [55]
Tangent Truesdale, DavidDavid Truesdale [55]
Thyme Stewart, AlanAlan Stewart [55]
2000 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [56]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [56]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [56]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [56]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [56]
2001 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [57]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [57]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [57]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [57]
STET Smith, Leah ZeldesLeah Zeldes Smith and Dick Smith [57]
2002 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [58]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [58]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [58]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [58]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [58]
2003 Mimosa* Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [59]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [59]
Emerald City Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [59]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [59]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [59]
2004 Emerald City* Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [60]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [60]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [60]
Mimosa Lynch, RichardRichard Lynch and Nicki Lynch [60]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [60]
2005 Plokta* Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [61]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [61]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [61]
Chunga Byers, RandyRandy Byers, Andy Hooper, and Carl Juarez [61]
Emerald City Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [61]
2006 Plokta* Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [62]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [62]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [62]
Chunga Byers, RandyRandy Byers, Andy Hooper, and Carl Juarez [62]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [62]
2007 Science-Fiction Five-Yearly* Hoffman, LeeLee Hoffman, Geri Sullivan, and Randy Byers [63]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [63]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [63]
The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia [63]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [63]
2008 File 770* Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [64]
Argentus Silver, Steven HSteven H Silver [64]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [64]
The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia [64]
Plokta Scott, AlisonAlison Scott, Steve Davies, and Mike Scott [64]
2009 Electric Velocipede* Klima, JohnJohn Klima [65]
Argentus Silver, Steven HSteven H Silver [65]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [65]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [65]
The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia [65]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [65]
2010 StarShipSofa* Smith, Tony C.Tony C. Smith [66]
Argentus Silver, Steven HSteven H Silver [66]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [66]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [66]
The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [66]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [66]
2011 The Drink Tank* Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [67]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [67]
Challenger Lillian III, Guy H.Guy H. Lillian III [67]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [67]
StarShipSofa Smith, Tony C.Tony C. Smith [67]
2012 SF Signal* DeNardo, JohnJohn DeNardo [68]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [68]
The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [68]
File 770 Glyer, MikeMike Glyer [68]
Journey Planet Bacon, JamesJames Bacon and Christopher Garcia [68]
2013 SF Signal* DeNardo, JohnJohn DeNardo, JP Frantz, and Patrick Hester [69]
Banana Wings Brialey, ClaireClaire Brialey and Mark Plummer [69]
The Drink Tank Garcia, ChristopherChristopher Garcia and James Bacon [69]
Elitist Book Reviews Diamond, StevenSteven Diamond [69]
Journey Planet Bacon, JamesJames Bacon, Christopher Garcia, Emma J. King, Helen J. Montgomery, and Pete Young [69]
2014 A Dribble of Ink Moher, AidanAidan Moher [70]
The Book Smugglers Grilo, AnaAna Grilo and Thea James [70]
Elitist Book Reviews Diamond, StevenSteven Diamond [70]
Journey Planet Bacon, JamesJames Bacon, Christopher Garcia, Lynda E. Rucker, Pete Young, Colin Harris, and Helen J.Montgomery [70]
Pornokitsch Perry, Anne C.Anne C. Perry and Jared Shurin [70]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years before the current year, if no awards were originally given that year.[6] Retro Hugos have been awarded four times, for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954.[Note 1] The 1939 Retro Hugos were awarded 75 years later, the other three were given 50 years later.[7] The next year that Retro Hugos can be awarded is 2015, for 1940.[6]

Year Year awarded Work Editor(s) Ref.
1939 2014 Imagination!* Ackerman, Forrest JForrest J Ackerman, Morojo, and T. Bruce Yerke [71]
Fantascience Digest Madle, Robert A.Robert A. Madle [71]
Fantasy News Taurasi, James V.James V. Taurasi [71]
Novae Terrae Hanson, Maurice K.Maurice K. Hanson [71]
Tomorrow Mayer, Douglas W. F.Douglas W. F. Mayer [71]
1946 1996 Voice of the Imagi-Nation* Ackerman, Forrest JForrest J Ackerman [72]
The Acolyte Laney, Francis TownerFrancis Towner Laney [72]
Chanticleer Liebscher, WaltWalt Liebscher [72]
Fantasy Commentator Searles, A. LangleyA. Langley Searles [72]
Shangri L'Affaires Burbee, Charles E.Charles E. Burbee and Gerald Hewitt [72]
1951 2001 Science Fiction Newsletter* Tucker, WilsonWilson Tucker [73]
The Fanscient Day, Donald B.Donald B. Day [73]
Quandry Hoffman, LeeLee Hoffman [73]
Sky Hook Boggs, ReddRedd Boggs [73]
Slant Willis, WaltWalt Willis and James White [73]
Spacewarp Rapp, ArtArt Rapp [73]
1954 2004 Slant* Willis, WaltWalt Willis and James White [74]
Hyphen Willis, WaltWalt Willis and Chuck Harris [74]
Quandry Hoffman, LeeLee Hoffman [74]
Science Fiction Newsletter Tucker, WilsonWilson Tucker [74]
Sky Hook Boggs, ReddRedd Boggs [74]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although no "Best Fanzine" Hugo was awarded at the 1958 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1958 awarded in 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  2. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. London, England: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  3. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. London, England: Ocean Media. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  4. ^ "The World Science Fiction Society Rules 1971". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  5. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Hugo Award Categories". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  6. ^ a b c d "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  7. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  8. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  9. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  10. ^ Sanders, J. L. (1985). "Zenith Science Fiction/Zenith Speculation/Speculation". In Tymn, M. B.; Ashley, Mike. Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Weird Fiction Magazines. Westport, CT: Greenwood. p. 886. ISBN 0-313-21221-X. 
  11. ^ Ashley, Michael (2007). Gateways to Forever: The Story of the Science-Fiction Magazines from 1970 to 1980 Volume 3. Liverpool, England: Liverpool University Press. p. xix. ISBN 1-84631-002-4. 
  12. ^ "1955 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  13. ^ a b "1956 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  14. ^ a b c "1957 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "1959 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "1960 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f "1961 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "1962 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  19. ^ a b c d e "1963 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  20. ^ a b c d "1964 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  21. ^ a b c "1965 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "1966 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g "1967 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f "1968 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "1969 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "1970 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "1971 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  28. ^ a b c d "1972 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  29. ^ a b c d e "1973 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  30. ^ a b c d "1974 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f "1975 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  32. ^ a b c d e "1976 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  33. ^ a b c d e "1977 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  34. ^ a b c d e "1978 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  35. ^ a b c d e "1979 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  36. ^ a b c d e "1980 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  37. ^ a b c d e "1981 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  38. ^ a b c d "1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  39. ^ a b c d e "1983 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "1984 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  41. ^ a b c d e "1985 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  42. ^ a b c d e "1986 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  43. ^ a b c d e "1987 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  44. ^ a b c d e "1988 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  45. ^ a b c d e "1989 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  46. ^ a b c d e "1990 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  47. ^ a b c d e "1991 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  48. ^ a b c d e "1992 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  49. ^ a b c d e "1993 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  50. ^ a b c d e "1994 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  51. ^ a b c d e "1995 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  52. ^ a b c d e f "1996 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  53. ^ a b c d e "1997 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  54. ^ a b c d e "1998 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  55. ^ a b c d e f "1999 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  56. ^ a b c d e "2000 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  57. ^ a b c d e "2001 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  58. ^ a b c d e "2002 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  59. ^ a b c d e "2003 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  60. ^ a b c d e "2004 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  61. ^ a b c d e "2005 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  62. ^ a b c d e "2006 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  63. ^ a b c d e "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  64. ^ a b c d e "2008 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  65. ^ a b c d e f "2009 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  66. ^ a b c d e f "2010 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  67. ^ a b c d e "2011 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  68. ^ a b c d e "2012 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  69. ^ a b c d e "2013 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  70. ^ a b c d e "2014 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  71. ^ a b c d e "1939 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  72. ^ a b c d e "1946 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  73. ^ a b c d e f "1951 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  74. ^ a b c d e "1954 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 

External links[edit]