Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist

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"Hugo Award for Best Artist" redirects here. See also Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist.
Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist
Awarded for The best artist of works devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1953
Most recent winner Julie Dillon
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist is given each year for artists of works related to science fiction or fantasy released in the previous calendar year.[4]

The Professional Artist award has been given annually under several names since 1955, with the exception of 1957. The inaugural 1953 Hugo awards recognized "Best Interior Illustrator" and "Best Cover Artist" categories, awarded to Virgil Finlay and a tie between Hannes Bok and Ed Emshwiller, respectively. The Best Professional Artist award was simply named "Best Artist" in 1955 and 1956, was not awarded in 1957, and was named "Outstanding Artist" in 1958, finally changing to its current name the following year.[5] Beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954, and in each case an award for professional artist was given.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are the most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated.[6] The awards from 1955 through 1958 did not include any recognition of runner-up artists, but since 1959 all five candidates have been recorded.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Worldcons are generally held near Labor Day, and in a different city around the world each year.[1][9]

During the 63 nomination years, 64 artists have been nominated; 21 of these have won, including co-winners and Retro Hugos. Michael Whelan has received the most awards, with 13 wins out of 24 nominations. Frank Kelly Freas has 11 wins and 28 nominations, the most nominations of any artist. Other artists with large numbers of wins or nominations include Bob Eggleton with 8 wins out of 23 nominations, Ed Emshwiller with 4 out of 8, and Don Maitz with 2 out of 17. David A. Cherry and Thomas Canty are tied for the most nominations without an award at 10 each.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following tables, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony. Artists are eligible based on their work of the previous calendar year. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the artist's name have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Artist(s) Ref.
1955 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [10]
1956 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [11]
1958 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [12]
1959 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [13]
Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [13]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [13]
Van Dongen, H. R.H. R. Van Dongen [13]
Wood, WallyWally Wood [13]
1960 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [14]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [14]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [14]
Hunter, MelMel Hunter [14]
Wood, WallyWally Wood [14]
1961 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [15]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [15]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [15]
Hunter, MelMel Hunter [15]
1962 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [16]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [16]
Hunter, MelMel Hunter [16]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [16]
Schomburg, AlexAlex Schomburg [16]
1963 Krenkel, RoyRoy Krenkel* [17]
Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [17]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [17]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [17]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [17]
1964 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [18]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [18]
Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [18]
Krenkel, RoyRoy Krenkel [18]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [18]
1965 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr* [19]
Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [19]
Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [19]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [19]
1966 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta* [20]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [20]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [20]
Morrow, GrayGray Morrow [20]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [20]
1967 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [21]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [21]
Morrow, GrayGray Morrow [21]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [21]
1968 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [22]
Bonestell, ChesleyChesley Bonestell [22]
Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [22]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [22]
Morrow, GrayGray Morrow [22]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [22]
1969 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [23]
Bodé, VaughnVaughn Bodé [23]
Dillon, LeoLeo Dillon and Diane Dillon [23]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [23]
1970 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [24]
Dillon, LeoLeo Dillon and Diane Dillon [24]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [24]
Jones, EddieEddie Jones [24]
Jones, JeffJeff Jones [24]
1971 Dillon, LeoLeo Dillon and Diane Dillon* [25]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [25]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [25]
Jones, EddieEddie Jones [25]
Jones, JeffJeff Jones [25]
1972 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [26]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [26]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [26]
Jones, JeffJeff Jones [26]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [26]
1973 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [27]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [27]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [27]
Hinge, MikeMike Hinge [27]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [27]
1974 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [28]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [28]
Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [28]
Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [28]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [28]
1975 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [29]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [29]
Kirk, TimTim Kirk [29]
Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [29]
Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach [29]
1976 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [30]
Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [30]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [30]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [30]
Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach [30]
1977 Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach* [31]
Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [31]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [31]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [31]
1978 Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach* [32]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [32]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [32]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [32]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [32]
1979 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate* [33]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [33]
Hardy, David A.David A. Hardy [33]
Vallejo, BorisBoris Vallejo [33]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [33]
1980 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [34]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [34]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [34]
Lehr, PaulPaul Lehr [34]
Vallejo, BorisBoris Vallejo [34]
1981 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [35]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [35]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [35]
Lehr, PaulPaul Lehr [35]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [35]
1982 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [36]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [36]
Lundgren, CarlCarl Lundgren [36]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [36]
Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [36]
1983 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [37]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [37]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [37]
Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [37]
Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [37]
Sweet, Darrell K.Darrell K. Sweet [37]
1984 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [38]
Lindahn, Val LakeyVal Lakey Lindahn [38]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [38]
Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [38]
Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [38]
1985 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [39]
Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [39]
Kidd, TomTom Kidd [39]
Lindahn, Val LakeyVal Lakey Lindahn [39]
Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [39]
1986 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [40]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [40]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [40]
Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [40]
Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [40]
1987 Burns, JimJim Burns* [41]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [41]
Kidd, TomTom Kidd [41]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [41]
Potter, J. K.J. K. Potter [41]
Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [41]
1988 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [42]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [42]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [42]
Kidd, TomTom Kidd [42]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [42]
Potter, J. K.J. K. Potter [42]
1989 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [43]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [43]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [43]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [43]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [43]
Hamilton, Todd CameronTodd Cameron Hamilton [43]
1990 Maitz, DonDon Maitz* [44]
Burns, JimJim Burns [44]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [44]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [44]
Gurney, JamesJames Gurney [44]
Kidd, TomTom Kidd [44]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [44]
1991 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [45]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [45]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [45]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [45]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [45]
1992 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [46]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [46]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [46]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [46]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [46]
1993 Maitz, DonDon Maitz* [47]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [47]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [47]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [47]
Gurney, JamesJames Gurney [47]
1994 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [48]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [48]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [48]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [48]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [48]
1995 Burns, JimJim Burns* [49]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [49]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [49]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [49]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [49]
1996 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [50]
Burns, JimJim Burns [50]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [50]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [50]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [50]
1997 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [51]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [51]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [51]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [51]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [51]
1998 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [52]
Burns, JimJim Burns [52]
Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [52]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [52]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [52]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [52]
1999 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [53]
Burns, JimJim Burns [53]
Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [53]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [53]
Stathopoulos, NickNick Stathopoulos [53]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [53]
2000 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [54]
Burns, JimJim Burns [54]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [54]
Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [54]
Maitz, DonDon Maitz [54]
2001 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [55]
Burns, JimJim Burns [55]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [55]
Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [55]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [55]
2002 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [56]
Burns, JimJim Burns [56]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [56]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [56]
Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [56]
2003 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [57]
Burns, JimJim Burns [57]
Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [57]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [57]
Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [57]
2004 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [58]
Burns, JimJim Burns [58]
Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [58]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [58]
Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [58]
2005 Burns, JimJim Burns* [59]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [59]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [59]
Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [59]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [59]
2006 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola* [60]
Burns, JimJim Burns [60]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [60]
Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [60]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [60]
Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [60]
2007 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola* [61]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [61]
Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [61]
Palencar, John JudeJohn Jude Palencar [61]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [61]
2008 Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière* [62]
Foglio, PhilPhil Foglio [62]
Harris, JohnJohn Harris [62]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [62]
Tan, ShaunShaun Tan [62]
2009 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola* [63]
Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [63]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [63]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [63]
Tan, ShaunShaun Tan [63]
2010 Tan, ShaunShaun Tan* [64]
Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [64]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [64]
Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [64]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [64]
2011 Tan, ShaunShaun Tan* [65]
Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [65]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [65]
Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [65]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [65]
2012 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio* [66]
Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [66]
Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [66]
Komarck, MichaelMichael Komarck [66]
Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [66]
2013 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio* [67]
Chong, VincentVincent Chong [67]
Dillon, JulieJulie Dillon [67]
Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [67]
McGrath, ChristianChristian McGrath [67]
2014 Dillon, JulieJulie Dillon* [68]
Dara, GalenGalen Dara [68]
Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [68]
Harris, JohnJohn Harris [68]
Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [68]
Staples, FionaFiona Staples [68]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[6][Note 1] Retro Hugos have been awarded four times, for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954. The 1939 award was given 75 years later; the other three awards were given 50 years later.[1] The next year that Retro Hugos can be awarded is 2015, for 1940.[6]

Year Year awarded Artist Ref(s)
1939 2014 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay* [69]
Brundage, MargaretMargaret Brundage [69]
Paul, Frank R.Frank R. Paul [69]
Schomburg, AlexAlex Schomburg [69]
Wessolowski, H. W. "Wesso"H. W. "Wesso" Wessolowski [69]
1946 1996 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay* [70]
Bergey, Earle K.Earle K. Bergey [70]
Bok, HannesHannes Bok [70]
Cartier, EddEdd Cartier [70]
Paul, Frank R.Frank R. Paul [70]
1951 2001 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [71]
Bok, HannesHannes Bok [71]
Bonestell, ChesleyChesley Bonestell [71]
Cartier, EddEdd Cartier [71]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [71]
1954 2004 Bonestell, ChesleyChesley Bonestell* [72]
Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [72]
Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [72]
Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [72]
Powers, RichardRichard Powers [72]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although no "Best Professional Artist" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1957 awarded in 2007.[6]

References[edit]

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