Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist

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"Hugo Award for Best Artist" redirects here. See also Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist.
Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist
Awarded for The best artist of works devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1953
Currently held by Julie Dillon
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist is given each year for artists of works related to science fiction or fantasy released in the previous calendar year.[4]

The Professional Artist award has been given annually under several names since 1955, with the exception of 1957. The inaugural 1953 Hugo awards recognized "Best Interior Illustrator" and "Best Cover Artist" categories, awarded to Virgil Finlay and a tie between Hannes Bok and Ed Emshwiller, respectively. The Best Professional Artist award was simply named "Best Artist" in 1955 and 1956, was not awarded in 1957, and was named "Outstanding Artist" in 1958, finally changing to its current name the following year.[5] Beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954, and in each case an award for professional artist was given.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are the most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated.[6] The awards from 1955 through 1958 did not include any recognition of runner-up artists, but since 1959 all five candidates have been recorded.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Worldcons are generally held near Labor Day, and in a different city around the world each year.[1][9]

During the 63 nomination years, 64 artists have been nominated; 21 of these have won, including co-winners and Retro Hugos. Michael Whelan has received the most awards, with 13 wins out of 24 nominations. Frank Kelly Freas has 11 wins and 28 nominations, the most nominations of any artist. Other artists with large numbers of wins or nominations include Bob Eggleton with 8 wins out of 23 nominations, Ed Emshwiller with 4 out of 8, and Don Maitz with 2 out of 17. David A. Cherry and Thomas Canty are tied for the most nominations without an award at 10 each.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following tables, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony. Artists are eligible based on their work of the previous calendar year. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the artist's name have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Artist(s) Ref(s)
1955 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [10]
1956 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [11]
1958 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [12]
1959 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [13]
1959 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [13]
1959 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [13]
1959 Van Dongen, H. R.H. R. Van Dongen [13]
1959 Wood, WallyWally Wood [13]
1960 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [14]
1960 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [14]
1960 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [14]
1960 Hunter, MelMel Hunter [14]
1960 Wood, WallyWally Wood [14]
1961 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [15]
1961 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [15]
1961 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [15]
1961 Hunter, MelMel Hunter [15]
1962 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [16]
1962 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [16]
1962 Hunter, MelMel Hunter [16]
1962 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [16]
1962 Schomburg, AlexAlex Schomburg [16]
1963 Krenkel, RoyRoy Krenkel* [17]
1963 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [17]
1963 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [17]
1963 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [17]
1963 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [17]
1964 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller* [18]
1964 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [18]
1964 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [18]
1964 Krenkel, RoyRoy Krenkel [18]
1964 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [18]
1965 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr* [19]
1965 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [19]
1965 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [19]
1965 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [19]
1966 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta* [20]
1966 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [20]
1966 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [20]
1966 Morrow, GrayGray Morrow [20]
1966 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [20]
1967 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [21]
1967 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [21]
1967 Morrow, GrayGray Morrow [21]
1967 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [21]
1968 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [22]
1968 Bonestell, ChesleyChesley Bonestell [22]
1968 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [22]
1968 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [22]
1968 Morrow, GrayGray Morrow [22]
1968 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [22]
1969 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [23]
1969 Bodé, VaughnVaughn Bodé [23]
1969 Dillon, LeoLeo Dillon and Diane Dillon [23]
1969 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [23]
1970 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [24]
1970 Dillon, LeoLeo Dillon and Diane Dillon [24]
1970 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [24]
1970 Jones, EddieEddie Jones [24]
1970 Jones, JeffJeff Jones [24]
1971 Dillon, LeoLeo Dillon and Diane Dillon* [25]
1971 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [25]
1971 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [25]
1971 Jones, EddieEddie Jones [25]
1971 Jones, JeffJeff Jones [25]
1972 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [26]
1972 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [26]
1972 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [26]
1972 Jones, JeffJeff Jones [26]
1972 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [26]
1973 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [27]
1973 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [27]
1973 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [27]
1973 Hinge, MikeMike Hinge [27]
1973 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [27]
1974 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [28]
1974 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [28]
1974 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [28]
1974 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan [28]
1974 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [28]
1975 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [29]
1975 Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [29]
1975 Kirk, TimTim Kirk [29]
1975 Schoenherr, JohnJohn Schoenherr [29]
1975 Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach [29]
1976 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [30]
1976 Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [30]
1976 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [30]
1976 Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [30]
1976 Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach [30]
1977 Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach* [31]
1977 Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [31]
1977 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [31]
1977 Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [31]
1978 Sternbach, RickRick Sternbach* [32]
1978 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [32]
1978 Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [32]
1978 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [32]
1978 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [32]
1979 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate* [33]
1979 Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [33]
1979 Hardy, David A.David A. Hardy [33]
1979 Vallejo, BorisBoris Vallejo [33]
1979 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [33]
1980 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [34]
1980 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [34]
1980 Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [34]
1980 Lehr, PaulPaul Lehr [34]
1980 Vallejo, BorisBoris Vallejo [34]
1981 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [35]
1981 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [35]
1981 Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [35]
1981 Lehr, PaulPaul Lehr [35]
1981 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [35]
1982 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [36]
1982 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [36]
1982 Lundgren, CarlCarl Lundgren [36]
1982 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [36]
1982 Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [36]
1983 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [37]
1983 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [37]
1983 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [37]
1983 Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [37]
1983 Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [37]
1983 Sweet, Darrell K.Darrell K. Sweet [37]
1984 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [38]
1984 Lindahn, Val LakeyVal Lakey Lindahn [38]
1984 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [38]
1984 Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [38]
1984 Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [38]
1985 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [39]
1985 Di Fate, VincentVincent Di Fate [39]
1985 Kidd, TomTom Kidd [39]
1985 Lindahn, Val LakeyVal Lakey Lindahn [39]
1985 Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [39]
1986 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [40]
1986 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [40]
1986 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [40]
1986 Morrill, RowenaRowena Morrill [40]
1986 Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [40]
1987 Burns, JimJim Burns* [41]
1987 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [41]
1987 Kidd, TomTom Kidd [41]
1987 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [41]
1987 Potter, J. K.J. K. Potter [41]
1987 Shaw, BarclayBarclay Shaw [41]
1988 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [42]
1988 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [42]
1988 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [42]
1988 Kidd, TomTom Kidd [42]
1988 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [42]
1988 Potter, J. K.J. K. Potter [42]
1989 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [43]
1989 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [43]
1989 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [43]
1989 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [43]
1989 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [43]
1989 Hamilton, Todd CameronTodd Cameron Hamilton [43]
1990 Maitz, DonDon Maitz* [44]
1990 Burns, JimJim Burns [44]
1990 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [44]
1990 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [44]
1990 Gurney, JamesJames Gurney [44]
1990 Kidd, TomTom Kidd [44]
1990 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [44]
1991 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [45]
1991 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [45]
1991 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [45]
1991 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [45]
1991 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [45]
1992 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [46]
1992 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [46]
1992 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [46]
1992 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [46]
1992 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [46]
1993 Maitz, DonDon Maitz* [47]
1993 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [47]
1993 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [47]
1993 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [47]
1993 Gurney, JamesJames Gurney [47]
1994 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [48]
1994 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [48]
1994 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [48]
1994 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [48]
1994 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [48]
1995 Burns, JimJim Burns* [49]
1995 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [49]
1995 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [49]
1995 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [49]
1995 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [49]
1996 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [50]
1996 Burns, JimJim Burns [50]
1996 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [50]
1996 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [50]
1996 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [50]
1997 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [51]
1997 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [51]
1997 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [51]
1997 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [51]
1997 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [51]
1998 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [52]
1998 Burns, JimJim Burns [52]
1998 Canty, ThomasThomas Canty [52]
1998 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [52]
1998 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [52]
1998 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [52]
1999 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [53]
1999 Burns, JimJim Burns [53]
1999 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [53]
1999 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [53]
1999 Stathopoulos, NickNick Stathopoulos [53]
1999 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [53]
2000 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [54]
2000 Burns, JimJim Burns [54]
2000 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [54]
2000 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [54]
2000 Maitz, DonDon Maitz [54]
2001 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [55]
2001 Burns, JimJim Burns [55]
2001 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [55]
2001 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [55]
2001 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [55]
2002 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan* [56]
2002 Burns, JimJim Burns [56]
2002 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [56]
2002 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [56]
2002 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [56]
2003 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [57]
2003 Burns, JimJim Burns [57]
2003 Cherry, David A.David A. Cherry [57]
2003 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [57]
2003 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [57]
2004 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton* [58]
2004 Burns, JimJim Burns [58]
2004 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta [58]
2004 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [58]
2004 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [58]
2005 Burns, JimJim Burns* [59]
2005 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [59]
2005 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [59]
2005 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola [59]
2005 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [59]
2006 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola* [60]
2006 Burns, JimJim Burns [60]
2006 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [60]
2006 Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [60]
2006 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [60]
2006 Whelan, MichaelMichael Whelan [60]
2007 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola* [61]
2007 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [61]
2007 Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [61]
2007 Palencar, John JudeJohn Jude Palencar [61]
2007 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [61]
2008 Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière* [62]
2008 Foglio, PhilPhil Foglio [62]
2008 Harris, JohnJohn Harris [62]
2008 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [62]
2008 Tan, ShaunShaun Tan [62]
2009 Giancola, DonatoDonato Giancola* [63]
2009 Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [63]
2009 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [63]
2009 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [63]
2009 Tan, ShaunShaun Tan [63]
2010 Tan, ShaunShaun Tan* [64]
2010 Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [64]
2010 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [64]
2010 Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [64]
2010 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [64]
2011 Tan, ShaunShaun Tan* [65]
2011 Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [65]
2011 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [65]
2011 Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [65]
2011 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [65]
2012 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio* [66]
2012 Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [66]
2012 Eggleton, BobBob Eggleton [66]
2012 Komarck, MichaelMichael Komarck [66]
2012 Martinière, StephanStephan Martinière [66]
2013 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio* [67]
2013 Chong, VincentVincent Chong [67]
2013 Dillon, JulieJulie Dillon [67]
2013 Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [67]
2013 McGrath, ChristianChristian McGrath [67]
2014 Dillon, JulieJulie Dillon* [68]
2014 Dara, GalenGalen Dara [68]
2014 Dos Santos, DanielDaniel Dos Santos [68]
2014 Harris, JohnJohn Harris [68]
2014 Picacio, JohnJohn Picacio [68]
2014 Staples, FionaFiona Staples [68]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[6][Note 1] Retro Hugos have been awarded four times, for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954. The 1939 award was given 75 years later; the other three awards were given 50 years later.[1] The next year that Retro Hugos can be awarded is 2015, for 1940.[6]

Year Year awarded Artist Ref(s)
1939 2014 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay* [69]
1939 2014 Brundage, MargaretMargaret Brundage [69]
1939 2014 Paul, Frank R.Frank R. Paul [69]
1939 2014 Schomburg, AlexAlex Schomburg [69]
1939 2014 Wessolowski, H. W. "Wesso"H. W. "Wesso" Wessolowski [69]
1946 1996 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay* [70]
1946 1996 Bergey, Earle K.Earle K. Bergey [70]
1946 1996 Bok, HannesHannes Bok [70]
1946 1996 Cartier, EddEdd Cartier [70]
1946 1996 Paul, Frank R.Frank R. Paul [70]
1951 2001 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas* [71]
1951 2001 Bok, HannesHannes Bok [71]
1951 2001 Bonestell, ChesleyChesley Bonestell [71]
1951 2001 Cartier, EddEdd Cartier [71]
1951 2001 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [71]
1954 2004 Bonestell, ChesleyChesley Bonestell* [72]
1954 2004 Emshwiller, EdEd Emshwiller [72]
1954 2004 Finlay, VirgilVirgil Finlay [72]
1954 2004 Freas, Frank KellyFrank Kelly Freas [72]
1954 2004 Powers, RichardRichard Powers [72]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although no "Best Professional Artist" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1957 awarded in 2007.[6]

References[edit]

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