Hugo Award for Best Professional Magazine

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Hugo Award for Best Professional Magazine
Awarded for The best professional magazine devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1953
Last awarded 1972
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Professional Magazine was given each year for professionally edited magazines related to science fiction or fantasy, published in English, and which has published four or more issues with at least one issue appearing in the previous calendar year.[4] Awards are also given out for non-professional magazines in the fanzine category, and for semi-professional magazines in the semiprozine category.

The award was first presented in 1953, the first year any Hugo Award was given, and with the exception of 1954 was given annually through 1972 when it was retired in favor of the newly created professional editor category. For the 1957 awards, the category was split into American and British magazine categories, a distinction which was not repeated any other year. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[5] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1946, 1951, and 1954, but only for the professional editor category, not the professional magazine category that would have existed at the time.[6]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon) and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are the five most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated. The 1953 through 1956 and 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up magazines, but since 1959 all five candidates were recorded.[5] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[7] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[1][8]

During the nineteen nomination years, twelve magazines run by fifteen editors were nominated. Of these, only five magazines run by eight editors won. Astounding Science-Fiction/Analog Science Fact & Fiction and The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction each won eight times, out of eighteen and fifteen nominations, respectively. If won three of five nominations, New Worlds won one of its six nominations—though its win was in the 1957 "British Professional Magazine" category—and Galaxy Science Fiction won only one out of its fifteen nominations, for the first award in 1953. Of the magazines which never won, Amazing Stories was nominated the most at eight times, while the only other magazine to be nominated more than twice was Science Fantasy with three nominations. John W. Campbell, Jr. received both the most nominations and awards, as he edited Analog Science Fact & Fiction for all eighteen nominations and eight wins. Edward L. Ferman and Robert P. Mills both won four times, while Frederik Pohl won three. H. L. Gold received the second most number of nominations at twelve, while Cele Goldsmith received the most number of nominations without winning at ten for her work on two separate magazines; she was the only female editor to be nominated.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the work was first published. Each date links to the "year in literature" article corresponding with when the work was eligible. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the work's name have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list. For 1957, when the awards were split into a "Best Professional American Magazine" and "Best Professional British Magazine", the year column is marked as to which category the works were entered in. Note that Astounding Science-Fiction and Analog Science Fact & Fiction are the same magazine; no other nominated magazine underwent a name change during the period the award was active.[9]

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Work Editor(s) Ref
1953 Astounding Science-Fiction* (tie) Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [10]
1953 Galaxy Science Fiction* (tie) Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [10]
1955 Astounding Science-Fiction* Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [11]
1956 Astounding Science-Fiction* Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [12]
1957
(American)
Astounding Science-Fiction* Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [13]
1957
(American)
The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction Ferman, Edward L.Edward L. Ferman [13]
1957
(American)
Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [13]
1957
(American)
Infinity Science Fiction Shaw, Larry T.Larry T. Shaw [13]
1957
(British)
New Worlds* Moorcock, MichaelMichael Moorcock [13]
1957
(British)
Nebula Science Fiction Hamilton, Peter F.Peter F. Hamilton [13]
1958 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Boucher, AnthonyAnthony Boucher and Robert P. Mills [14]
1959 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Boucher, AnthonyAnthony Boucher and Robert P. Mills [15]
1959 Astounding Science-Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [15]
1959 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [15]
1959 Infinity Science Fiction Shaw, Larry T.Larry T. Shaw [15]
1959 New Worlds Moorcock, MichaelMichael Moorcock [15]
1960 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Mills, Robert P.Robert P. Mills [16]
1960 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [16]
1960 Astounding Science-Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [16]
1960 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [16]
1960 Fantastic Universe Santesson, Hans StefanHans Stefan Santesson [16]
1961 Analog Science Fact & Fiction* Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [17]
1961 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [17]
1961 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction Mills, Robert P.Robert P. Mills [17]
1962 Analog Science Fact & Fiction* Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [18]
1962 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [18]
1962 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction Mills, Robert P.Robert P. Mills and Avram Davidson [18]
1962 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [18]
1962 Science Fantasy Carnell, JohnJohn Carnell [18]
1963 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Mills, Robert P.Robert P. Mills and Avram Davidson [19]
1963 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [19]
1963 Fantastic Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [19]
1963 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [19]
1963 Science Fantasy Carnell, JohnJohn Carnell [19]
1964 Analog Science Fact & Fiction* Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [20]
1964 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [20]
1964 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction Mills, Robert P.Robert P. Mills and Avram Davidson [20]
1964 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [20]
1964 Science Fantasy Carnell, JohnJohn Carnell [20]
1965 Analog Science Fact & Fiction* Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [21]
1965 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction Mills, Robert P.Robert P. Mills and Avram Davidson [21]
1965 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [21]
1965 If Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl [21]
1966 If* Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl [22]
1966 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [22]
1966 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [22]
1966 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction Mills, Robert P.Robert P. Mills and Avram Davidson [22]
1966 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [22]
1967 If* Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl [23]
1967 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [23]
1967 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [23]
1967 New Worlds Moorcock, MichaelMichael Moorcock [23]
1968 If* Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl [24]
1968 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [24]
1968 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction Ferman, Edward L.Edward L. Ferman [24]
1968 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [24]
1968 New Worlds Moorcock, MichaelMichael Moorcock [24]
1969 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Ferman, Edward L.Edward L. Ferman [25]
1969 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [25]
1969 Galaxy Science Fiction Gold, H. L.H. L. Gold [25]
1969 If Pohl, FrederikFrederik Pohl [25]
1969 New Worlds Moorcock, MichaelMichael Moorcock [25]
1970 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Ferman, Edward L.Edward L. Ferman [26]
1970 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [26]
1970 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [26]
1970 Galaxy Science Fiction Jakobsson, EjlerEjler Jakobsson [26]
1970 New Worlds Moorcock, MichaelMichael Moorcock [26]
1971 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Ferman, Edward L.Edward L. Ferman [27]
1971 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [27]
1971 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [27]
1971 Galaxy Science Fiction Jakobsson, EjlerEjler Jakobsson [27]
1971 Visions of Tomorrow Graham, RonRon Graham [27]
1972 The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction* Ferman, Edward L.Edward L. Ferman [28]
1972 Amazing Stories Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [28]
1972 Analog Science Fact & Fiction Campbell, Jr., John W.John W. Campbell, Jr. [28]
1972 Fantastic Goldsmith, CeleCele Goldsmith [28]
1972 Galaxy Science Fiction Jakobsson, EjlerEjler Jakobsson [28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  2. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. London, England: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  3. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. London, England: Ocean Media. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  4. ^ "The World Science Fiction Society Rules 1971". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  5. ^ a b "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  6. ^ "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  7. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  8. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  9. ^ Nicholls, Peter, ed. (1981). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Frogmore: Granada Publishing. ISBN 0-586-05380-8. 
  10. ^ a b "1953 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  11. ^ "1955 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  12. ^ "1956 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f "1957 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  14. ^ "1958 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "1959 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "1960 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  17. ^ a b c "1961 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "1962 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  19. ^ a b c d e "1963 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "1964 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  21. ^ a b c d "1965 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "1966 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  23. ^ a b c d "1967 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  24. ^ a b c d e "1968 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "1969 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "1970 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "1971 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  28. ^ a b c d e "1972 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 

External links[edit]