Hugo Koblet

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Hugo Koblet
Hugo Koblet.png
Personal information
Full name Hugo Koblet
Nickname Beautiful Hugo, Le pédaleur de charme
Born (1925-03-21)21 March 1925
Zürich, Switzerland
Died 6 November 1964(1964-11-06) (aged 39)
Egg, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland
Team information
Discipline Road and Track
Role Rider
Professional team(s)
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950–1954
1955
1956
1958
1959
Amberg/Mercier-R. Lapebie
Amberg/Fuchs
Tebag/Fiorelli
Cilo
Cilo/Guerra/La Perle-Hutchinson
Faema/Cilo
Cilo/Saint Raphaël-R. Geminiani-Dunlop
Cilo
Cilo/Ghigi
Major wins

Grand Tours

Tour de France
General Classification (1951)
Giro d'Italia
General Classification (1950)
Mountain Classification (1950)
Infobox last updated on
27 Dec 2009

Hugo Koblet (pronounced [ˈhuːɡo ˈkoːblɛt]; 21 March 1925 – 6 November 1964[1]) was a Swiss champion cyclist. He won the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia as well as competing in six-day and pursuit races on the track. He won 70 races as a professional.[2] He died in a car accident amid speculation that he had committed suicide.

Origins[edit]

Hugo Koblet was the son of Adolf and Héléna Koblet (pronounced Kob-lett[3]), bakers in Zürich. He lived with his mother, a widow, and with an elder brother. His brother baked bread and cakes and Hugo was restricted to sweeping the floor and making deliveries by bicycle.[4] He left the bakery at 17 and worked as a trainee mechanic at the Oerlikon velodrome in the city. His first race was a 10 km hill-climb, which he won. That caught the attention of Léo Amberg, a former Tour de France rider who had come second in the Tour of Switzerland. Amberg insisted he ride the track and Koblet became national amateur pursuit champion in 1945. He turned professional in 1946 and won the New York and Chicago six-day races. It was after the races that he developed a love of the United States, driving to California and Florida. He had learned English by watching American and British films.[5] He won the Swiss pursuit championship every year from 1947 to 1954. In 1947 he finished third and in 1951 and 1954 second in the world championship.

The road to the Oerlikon vélodrome in Zürich is named after Koblet.

Professional success[edit]

Koblet won the 1950 Swiss road championship and then became the first non-Italian to win the Giro d'Italia.[6][7] In 1951 he defeated Fausto Coppi to win the Grand Prix des Nations, an individual time trial with the status of unofficial world championship. The most important victory came that year at the Tour de France. He won overall and took five stages - two time-trials, two conventional stages and another in the mountains.[8] In 1951 he "rode the best off his wheel" between Brive and Agen, said Cycling Plus, "just 20 miles into the stage, then covered 88 miles on his own to win by three minutes. This was despite a frantic chase by such greats as triple Tour winner Louison Bobet, double winner Gino Bartali and Fausto Coppi." The time differences when the Tour ended at the Parc des Princes meant he had beaten Raphaël Géminiani by 12 km, Lucien Lazarides by 18, Bartali by 18 and Coppi by 27.[9]

1951 Tour de France[edit]

The 1951 Tour de France started in Metz, the second time outside Paris. The main riders were Louison Bobet for France, Fausto Coppi and an ageing Gino Bartali for Italy. Coppi was hindered by grief at the death of his brother, Serse.[10] Both Coppi and Bobet were pushed out of the running when Koblet won the time-trial from La Guerche to Angers. Their position was confirmed four days later when Koblet attacked on a gentle descent after two hours of the stage from Brive to Agen, a day expected to be a quiet journey towards the Pyrenees. He won again at Luchon, Montpellier and Geneva.

Decline and death[edit]

Hugo Koblet was a handsome man whose fame brought beautiful women and a lifestyle that affected his career. He was "the most charming of men to talk to," said Jock Wadley.[11] René de Latour wrote in Sporting Cyclist: "Koblet had not an enemy at all. His ready and kindly smile came from deep down inside, and one knows from the start that this was a man without rancour, a rare thing to say of anybody who has raced in top competition on the road where the intense physical struggle often leads to jealousy and dispute." [12]

He never rode again at the same level as the 1951 Tour de France.[13] Jean Bobet said Koblet began to suffer in the mountains at 2,000m, then 1,500, then at 1,000 until "we saw him unable to ride over the smallest hill.".[14] The author Olivier Dazat said photographs showed not the handsome man he had been but a rider suddenly aged, worried and preoccupied.[15] René de Latour wrote: "There is a question mark about Hugo Koblet's life, the mystery of why he was never as good again as in the 1951 Tour. After this year, his pedalling had less power. Soon after that magnificent win, Koblet was invited to Mexico to follow the national amateur tour.[16] When he came back he was still, it seemed, the same incredibly easy pedaller. But the efficiency was partly gone. He visited specialists and took courses of treatment, but without any real success. He went to Mexico in 1951 [and] never came back from the land of guitars and sombreros. And nobody knows why!"[17]

He came second in the Giro d'Italia in 1951 and 1952 and retired in 1958.

Six years after his retirement, Koblet died at 39, four days after a car crash, with speculation that his death may have been suicide. He had been profligate with his money [18] and was in debt. He was being pursued for unpaid tax[19] and his marriage had broken up. A witness, Émile Isler, saw Koblet driving his white Alfa Romeo at 120-140kmh.[20][21] between Zürich and Esslingen. He drove past a pear tree, turned then drove back. He passed it again finally turned a third time and drove into it.[22]

Personal life[edit]

Koblet married a 22-year-old model, Sonja Buhl, in 1953.[23] They spent their honeymoon in Spain and bought a villa at Forch, overlooking the lake at Zürich. Pirelli and Alfa-Romeo employed him in South America but the couple returned, Koblet disappointed and confused.[24] The marriage began to break up. His confusion included forgetting that he had signed a contract for 7 million lire for a comb to be made in his name in Italy.[25] He and Sonja parted and Koblet moved alone into a studio apartment alongside a garage he opened near the Oerlikon velodrome.

He asked Sonja for a reconciliation in 1964 but she refused.[26] It was later that year that he died. Sonja refused her husband's inheritance rather than take on his debts.[27]

Nickname[edit]

Koblet always carried a comb and a bottle of eau de cologne when he raced, sometimes combing his hair before the finish, always cleaning his face before meeting photographers.[28][29] Philippe Brunel wrote in L'Equipe that at the end of his long ride to Agen in 1951, "followers were astonished to see him sit up, blow kisses to girls and take out of his pocket a sponge soaked in water. He was barely across the line when he rinsed his face in Perrier,[30] combed his hair, then started his stopwatch."[31] The music hall artist Jacques Grello nicknamed him the Pédaleur de Charme in Parisien Libéré in 1951.[32][33][34]

Film[edit]

Koblet's life was the subject of a cinema film, Hugo Koblet: Pédaleur de Charme, in 2010. It starred Manuel Löwensberg as Koblet, Sarah Bühlmann as his wife Sonja, Chantal Le Moign and Dominique Müller.[35] It attributed his decline to "doping abuse."[36] It was directed by Daniel von Aarburg, who included archive film and interviews with Koblet's contemporaries.

Anecdote[edit]

In 1951, I was 18. One evening after the race ended, I was hanging about outside a hotel hoping to see the riders when the boss asked me to carry Koblet's suitcases to his room. I was so proud! For me, he was the greatest of them all. Well, when I went back downstairs again, I met him. He thanked me very politely and gave me two Swiss francs, an enormous amount at the time. I kept the coin for a long time, like a good-luck charm, swearing I would never spend it. And I only did, three years later, to buy a copy of Miroir Sprint which had Ferdi Kubler, my other idol, on the cover.
- Willy Schweizer, former president of the Swiss cycling union,52 years later.[37]

Race record[edit]

1947
  Switzerland national pursuit champion
1948
  Switzerland national track pursuit champion
Six days of Chicago (with Walter Diggelmann)
1949
  Switzerland national track pursuit champion
Six days of New York (with Walter Diggelmann)
1950
  Switzerland national track pursuit champion
Giro d'Italia:
Jersey pink.svg Winner overall classification
Jersey green.svg Winner mountains classification
Winner stages 6 and 8
Tour de Suisse
1951
  Switzerland national track pursuit champion
Critérium des As
Tour de France:
Jersey yellow.svg Winner overall classification
Winner stages 7, 11, 14, 16 and 22
Grand Prix des Nations
Giro d'Italia:
Winner stage 19
6th place overall classification
1952
  Switzerland national track pursuit champion
1st Züri-Metzgete
Giro d'Italia:
8th place overall classification
1953
  Switzerland national track pursuit champion
Tour de Suisse
Tour de Romandie
Giro d'Italia:
2nd place overall classification
Winner stage 7B
1954
Züri-Metzgete
Giro d'Italia:
2nd place overall classification
Winner stages 15 and 21
1955
Tour de Suisse
Switzerland 1st Swiss Road Race Championship
Giro d'Italia:
10th place overall classification
Winner stage 21
1956
Vuelta a España:
Winner stage 9

Grand Tour results timeline[edit]

1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956
Giro 1 6 8 2 2 10 DNE
Stages won 2 1 0 1 2 1
Mountains classification 1 NR NR NR NR NR
Points classification N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Tour DNE 1 DNE DNF-10 DNF-13 DNE DNE
Stages won 5 0 0
Mountains classification 3 NR NR
Points classification N/A N/A N/A NR NR
Vuelta DNE N/A N/A N/A N/A DNE DNF
Stages won 1
Mountains classification NR
Points classification N/A N/A N/A
Legend
1 Winner
2–3 Top three-finish
4–10 Top ten-finish
11– Other finish
DNE Did Not Enter
DNF-x Did Not Finish (retired on stage x)
DSQ Disqualified
N/A Race/classification not held
NR Not Ranked in this classification

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.lequipe.fr/Cyclisme/CyclismeFicheCoureur1909.html
  2. ^ http://velopalmares.free.fr/koblet.htm
  3. ^ http://membres.multimania.fr/davidrouzeau/koblet-kubler.html
  4. ^ Sporting Cyclist, UK, 1965
  5. ^ Sporting Cyclist, UK, 1965
  6. ^ Cycling Plus, UK, September 1999
  7. ^ Sporting Cyclist, UK,1965
  8. ^ Le Monde, France, 29 July 1951
  9. ^ Le Monde, France, 29 July 1951
  10. ^ http://jeanpaulbrouchon-cyclisme.typepad.fr/info_courses/2009/07/hugo-koblet-tour-de-france-1951-les-petites-histoires-du-tour.html
  11. ^ Sporting Cyclist, UK, December 1964
  12. ^ Sporting Cyclist, UK, December 1964
  13. ^ Dazat, Olivier (1987), Seigneurs et Forçats du Vélo, Calmann-Lévy, France, ISBN 978-2-7021-1615-9, p84
  14. ^ Cited Dazat, Olivier (1987), Seigneurs et Forçats du Vélo, Calmann-Lévy, France, ISBN 978-2-7021-1615-9, p84
  15. ^ Dazat, Olivier (1987), Seigneurs et Forçats du Vélo, Calmann-Lévy, France, ISBN 978-2-7021-1615-9, p84
  16. ^ Some sources say he raced there
  17. ^ Sporting Cyclist, UK, 1965
  18. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  19. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  20. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  21. ^ Dazat, Olivier (1987), Seigneurs et Forçats du Vélo, Calmann-Lévy, France, ISBN 978-2-7021-1615-9, p84
  22. ^ Ollivier, Jean-Paul, Hugo Koblet, le pédaleur de charme, Éditions Glénat, France
  23. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  24. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  25. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  26. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  27. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  28. ^ Cycling Plus, UK, July 1999
  29. ^ http://legenducyclisme.wordpress.com/2010/11/07/hugo-koblet-le-pedaleur-de-charme-de-jpo/
  30. ^ Perrier employed a man to hand out bottles of its mineral water at the finish of races, so that riders would be pictured drinking from them
  31. ^ L'Équipe, France, 24 June 2003
  32. ^ Sporting Cyclist, UK,1965
  33. ^ Cycling Plus, UK, September 1999
  34. ^ Dazat, Olivier (1987), Seigneurs et Forçats du Vélo, Calmann-Lévy, France, ISBN 978-2-7021-1615-9, p84
  35. ^ http://www.swissfilms.ch/fr/film_search/filmdetails/-/id_film/2146532858
  36. ^ http://www.hugokoblet.ch/synopsis/
  37. ^ http://membres.multimania.fr/davidrouzeau/koblet-kubler.html

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Switzerland Armin Scheurer
Swiss Sportsman of the Year
1951
Succeeded by
Switzerland Josef Stalder