Hugo Salus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hugo Salus

Hugo Salus (3 August 1866 in Česká Lípa; 4 February 1929 in Prague) was a doctor, writer and poet.

Life[edit]

Salus studied medicine in Prague and established a practice in gynaecology there from 1895 onwards. Apart from his professional activities as a doctor, he published numerous volumes of poetry and short stories, and was one of the more important exponents of German literature in the Prague of his day. A prolific author, he soon became 'the acknowledged arbiter of Prague literary taste',[1] and 'the most respected Bohemian poet writing in German' at the time.[2] An early friend and mentor of Rainer Maria Rilke, his verse had some influence on Rilke's early lyric style.[3]

To some of his fellow Jewish intellectuals, he was regarded as an unadulterated "assimilationist,"[2] and "a militant protagonist of German liberalism and Jewish assimilation"[4] whose attachment to Zionism was little more than a matter of embracing a fashionable trend (Mode-Zionismus).[5] Lothar Kahn, on the other hand, says that while Salus was described by Max Brod as an unqualified assimilationist, "this may be an exaggeration, Salus did hope, all else failing, for full Jewish absorption into the host society."[2]

Of both him and his rival Friedrich Adler, Kafka biographer Peter Mailloux says, "their Jewishness existed in name only."[1] The philosopher Emil Utitz put it a bit differently, "Both acknowledged Jews, they nevertheless felt themselves to be the authentic representatives of all Germans in Bohemia, as well as further afield. Those Germans wanted little to do with Prague in any case, and least of all with its Jews. But Salus and Adler were liberals of the old stamp."[6] Kahn notes that "Salus made use of Jewish folkways and observances in his poetry, plays, and occasional fiction." [2]

Apart from his professional activities as a doctor, he published numerous volumes of poetry and short stories, and was one of the more important exponents of German-Jewish literature in the Prague of his day, moving in a circle which included younger figures of the stature of Franz Kafka, Max Brod, Franz Werfel, Egon Erwin Kisch, Oskar Baum, Johannes Urzidil, Paul Kornfeld, Ernst Weiss and Kamil Hoffmann.[7] Several of his works were illustrated by Heinrich Vogeler, while Arnold Schönberg set two of his poems to music.

Works (a selection)[edit]

Poems[edit]

  • Gedichte. 1898
  • Neue Gedichte. 1899
  • Ehefrühling. 1900
  • Reigen. 1900
  • Christa. Ein Evangelium der Schönheit. 1902
  • Ernte. 1903
  • Neue Garben. 1904
  • Die Blumenschale. 1908
  • Glockenklang. 1911
  • Das neue Buch. 1919
  • Klarer Klang. 1922
  • Helle Träume. 1924
  • Die Harfe Gottes. 1928

Prose[edit]

  • Novellen des Lyrikers. 1903
  • Das blaue Fenster. 1906
  • Trostbüchlein für Kinderlose. 1909
  • Andersen-Kalender 1910 (12 Fairy tales)
  • Schwache Helden. 1910
  • Die Hochzeitsnacht. Die schwarzen Fahen. 1913
  • Seelen und Sinne. 1913
  • Nachdenkliche Geschichten. 1914
  • Der Heimatstein und andere Erzählungen. 1915
  • Sommerabend. 1916
  • Die schöne Barbara. 1919
  • Freund Kafkus. 1919
  • Der Beschau. Eine Ghettogeschichte. 1920
  • Der Jungfernpreis. 1921
  • Vergangenheit. 1921

Theatre[edit]

  • Susanna im Bade. 1901
  • Römische Komödie. 1909

Secondary literature[edit]

  • Wertheimer, Paul: Hugo Salus, Prague 1902.
  • Tinkl, Lotte: Neuromantische Elemente bei Hugo Salus und Franz Herold, Diss. Vienna, 1949.
  • Franzel, Emil, 'Hugo Salus. Ein Stück versunkenes Prag,' in Sudetendeutscher Kulturalmanach, 7 (1969).
  • Kletzander, Hermann, Hugo Salus und der Jugendstil, Diss. Salzburg 1977.
  • Abret, Helga, 'Hugo Salus und Jaroslav Vrchlický. Das Verhältnis beider Dichter an Hand einiger unveröffentlichter Salus-Briefe,' in Österreich in Geschichte und Literatur, 24 (1980), pp. 28–34.
  • Theopold, Wilhelm, Doktor und Poet dazu. Dichterärzte aus fünf Jahrhunderten, 2nd impression, Mainz 1987, ISBN 3-87409-032-9.
  • Jeremy Adler & Richard Fardon, 'An Oriental in the West: The Life of Franz Baermann Steiner,’ in Franz Baermann Steiner Selected Writings, vol.1, Taboo, truth, and religion, (eds. Jeremy Adler, Richard Fardon), Berghahn Books, 1999
  • Lothar Kahn, Donald D. Hook, Between two worlds: a cultural history of German-Jewish writers, Iowa State University Press, 1993
  • Natalie Berger, Where cultures meet: the story of the Jews of Czechoslovakia, Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1990
  • Marek Nekula, Walter Koschmal, Juden zwischen Deutschen und Tschechen: sprachliche und kulturelle Identitäten in Böhmen 1800–1945, Volume 104 of Veröffentlichungen des Collegium Carolinum, Collegium Carolinum München, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2006
  • Peter Mailloux, A Hesitation Before Birth:The Life of Franz Kafka, University of Delaware Pres,1989
  • Livia Rothkirchen, The Jews of Bohemia and Moravia: facing the Holocaust, University of Nebraska Press, 2005

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mailloux 1989, p. 121
  2. ^ a b c d Kahn & Hook 1993, p. 182
  3. ^ Adler & Fardon 1999, p. 32
  4. ^ Berger 1990, p. 216
  5. ^ Nekula & Koschmal 2006, p. 176
  6. ^ [1] Prague Territories: National Conflict and Cultural Innovation in Franz Kafka Scott Spector
  7. ^ Rothkirchen 2005, p. 23

References[edit]

External links[edit]