Huguang Province

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Fragment of a 1682 Italian map of China with Huguang (Huquang) in its center

Huguang (simplified Chinese: 湖广; traditional Chinese: 湖廣; pinyin: Húguǎng) was a province of China during the Yuan and Ming Dynasties.[1] It was partitioned in the late Qing dynasty, becoming the provinces of Hubei and Hunan, which are sometimes collectively called Lianghu ("two hu").

After its partition, the Qing imperial court continued to appoint a viceroy of Huguang to oversee the two provinces of Hubei and Hunan.

Notable governors[edit]

Li Hongzhang was viceroy of Huguang from 1867 to 1870[citation needed].

Zhang Zhidong became the viceroy of Huguang in 1896, following the First Sino-Japanese War. He was notable for employing foreigners to train and equip the local military to the standards of a contemporary European army. The most elite of Zhang's forces were known as the "Wuchang Division".[2]


  1. ^ "Modern Day Location of Huguang" (in Chinese). Retrieved December 1, 2010. 
  2. ^ Bonavia, David. China's Warlords. New York: Oxford University Press. 1995. ISBN 0-19-586179-5 p.30-31.