Hui people in Beijing

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Niujie Mosque in Niujie, Beijing

Beijing has a population of Hui people. As of 1982 the Hui are the largest ethnic minority group in Beijing.

Demographics[edit]

The 1982 census stated that 184,693 people in Beijing were Hui, making up around 2% of Beijing's total population and 57% of the population classified as ethnic minority. Village and Family in Contemporary China, a 1980 study by William L. Parish and Martin K. Whyte, stated that there were 16,000 Muslims in Beijing. Dru C. Gladney, author of Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the People's Republic, wrote that based on the 1982 census, the 1980 study had "drastically" underestimated the number of Hui in Beijing.[1]

Geography[edit]

As of 1996 there was no published data based on the 1982 census which maps the distributions of Hui people in the city.[1] The Niujie ("Oxen Street") community, as of 1996, has the city's highest Hui concentration.[2] As of 1996 other communities which have concentrations of Hui include Madian, Chaonei, Chaowai, Huashi, Haidian, and Sanlihe.[1]

By 2002, Niujie had survived the massive development in Beijing since it was located away from the northern end of Beijing.[3] By that year Madian's Hui population eroded due to redevelopment.[4]

Economy[edit]

Dru C. Gladney stated that Islamic restaurants are often are indicators of where Hui in Beijing live.[5] As of 1996 within Beijing the Hui had operated hundreds of Islamic restaurants.[1]

Religion[edit]

As of 1996 there were 46 mosques in Beijing.[1] Gladney wrote that the Niujie Mosque in Niujie serves hundreds of Hui families, and typically the presence of one Hui mosque would indicate that 500 Hui individuals or 100 Hui families live in the vicinity.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Gladney, p. 174.
  2. ^ a b Gladney, p. 175.
  3. ^ Wang, Zhou, and Fan, p. 114.
  4. ^ Wang, Zhou, and Fan, p. 116.
  5. ^ Gladney, p. 174-175.