Huizhou

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For other uses, see Huizhou (disambiguation).
Huizhou
惠州市
Prefecture-level city
Huizhou next to Linghu
Huizhou next to Linghu
Motto: A city to benefit people (惠民之州)
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Huizhou is located in China
Huizhou
Huizhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°4′0″N 114°24′0″E / 23.06667°N 114.40000°E / 23.06667; 114.40000
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
City 1988
Municipal seat Huicheng District
Government
 • CPC Secretary Chen Yiwei (陈奕威)
 • Mayor Mai Jiaomeng (麦教猛)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 10,922 km2 (4,217 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,672 km2 (1,032 sq mi)
 • Coastline 223.6 km2 (86.3 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city 4,597,002
 • Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 516000
Area code(s) 0752
GDP ¥2368.9 billion (2012)
GDP per capita ¥38,650 (2012)
Licence Plate 粤L
Website http://www.huizhou.gov.cn/
Huizhou
Chinese 惠州
Cantonese Jyutping Wai6 zau1
Cantonese Yale Waihjāu
Hanyu Pinyin Hùizhōu
Postal Map Waichow
Literal meaning Benefit prefecture

Huìzhōu (Chinese: 惠州) is a city located in central Guangdong province of the People's Republic of China. Part of the Pearl River Delta, Huizhou borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the west, Shaoguan to the north, Heyuan to the northeast, Shanwei to the east, Shenzhen and Dongguan to the southwest, and looks out to Daya Bay on the South China Sea to the south. Administered as a prefecture-level city, it has 4.6 million residents in its area of jurisdiction.

Overview[edit]

Its southern part made of Huiyang district is now part of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen built up area, the biggest built up area in the world with more than 40 million inhabitants encompassing the whole Shenzhen, Dongguan cities and main part of Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhongshan and small parts of Jiangmen and Huizhou cities. There are two main dialects spoken by local people in Huizhou: Hakka and a Cantonese dialect which is Huizhou hua (惠州话/惠州話). The two dialects are somewhat interrelated and similar so people can easily understand each other. As more newcomers from the other provinces come to work in Huizhou, Mandarin has become the other popular language in Huizhou.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Huizhou administers 5 county-level divisions, including 2 districts and 3 counties.

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Huizhou mcp.png
City Proper
1 Huicheng District 惠城区 Huìchéng Qū 1,579,691 1,410 1,120.34
2 Huiyang District 惠阳区 Huìyáng Qū 764,816 1,262 606.03
Rural
3 Boluo County 博罗县 Bóluó Xiàn 1,038,198 2,795 371.44
4 Huidong County 惠东县 Huìdōng Xiàn 907,229 3,397 267.06
5 Longmen County 龙门县 Lóngmén Xiàn 307,068 2,058 149.20

Economy[edit]

Huizhou gained benefit from the Chinese economic reform of the late 1980s. The blossoming of the real estate market attracted capital investment from Hong Kong and Taiwan.

In the provincial economic development strategy, Huizhou is regarded as a site for a world-class petrochemical industry, as well as a hub for developing information technology, and expanding exports and trade.

TCL Corporation is a multinational electronics company headquartered in the city.

Other foreign investors / manufacturing companies:

Desay; Viasystems; WalMart; AEON

Development Zone[edit]

  • Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone

Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone was approved by the State Council in 1993. It had an initial area of 9.98 km2 (3.85 sq mi), and in 2006, the State Council expanded the zone to 23.6 km2 (9.1 sq mi) in 3 phases. Industries encouraged in the zone include Automobile Production/Assembly, Chemical Production and Processing, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing and more.[1]

  • Huizhou Export Processing Zone

Huizhou Export Processing Zone was approved by Guangdong Provincial Government in June, 2005. Its parent zone is Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone. The planned area is 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). The zone is suitable for companies focused on electronics, auto parts, textile and chemicals.[2]

  • Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone

Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone is connected with Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan by Huizhou-Shenzhen Highway, Guangzhou-Huizhou Highway and Dongguan-Huizhou Highway. Beijing-Kowloon Railway and Huizhou-Aotou Railway also run through the zone, linking it with Beijing, Hong Kong, and other cities along the railway. Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is within one-and-a-half hour's drive from the zone. Huizhou Zhongkai HIDZ has established electronics, information technology and optical-, mechanical- and electronic-integration as its major industries. It also encourages investment in new materials, telecommunications, and other high-tech industries. The zone is one of the National Electronic Information Industry Bases and National Video and Audio Products Parks in China. The zone has attracted many large multinational companies. Major investors include Sony, SPG, Futaba, Coca Cola, LG and Siemens.[3]

Transport[edit]

Huizhou is served by the Jingjiu Railway (also known as the Guangmeishan Railway in Guangdong) with two stations: Huizhou West and Huizhou.

The town is also well served by modern highway system to other major towns within Guangdong province, like Shenzhen and Guangzhou. It is about 2hr-drive by bus from Shenzhen Baoan Int'l Airport.

A mass rapid transit linking Shenzhen is well under construction as of 2011.

Military[edit]

Huizhou is headquarters of the 42nd Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Guangzhou Military Region responsible for the defense of China's southern coast and its border with Vietnam.

Education[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Huizhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.3
(66.7)
22.2
(72)
26.1
(79)
29.3
(84.7)
31.3
(88.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.2
(88.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
26.37
(79.47)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.7
(53.1)
14.9
(58.8)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.0
(75.2)
20.7
(69.3)
15.8
(60.4)
11.6
(52.9)
18.83
(65.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 37.3
(1.469)
62.8
(2.472)
87.0
(3.425)
202.0
(7.953)
226.7
(8.925)
323.6
(12.74)
255.1
(10.043)
276.1
(10.87)
173.0
(6.811)
66.6
(2.622)
28.2
(1.11)
33.4
(1.315)
1,771.8
(69.755)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.3 10.6 12.6 14.5 18.3 18.7 17.2 18.4 13.0 6.6 5.1 4.8 146.1
Source: Weather China

Tourism[edit]

South and West Lake in Linghu area
  • Daya Bay Daya Bay is located to the southeast of Huizhou City, on the South China Sea, with waters covering an area of nearly 500 km2 (190 sq mi). There are nearly 100 islands and reefs in the bay. The climate is described as a typical subtropical oceanic climate, with temperatures averaging 21.8 degrees over the year. Parts of the bay have been described by travelchinaguide.com as "an unpolluted, quiet paradise for those sea-lovers."[4]
  • Beach Spa Huizhou's seashore hot springs are filled with geothermal minerals, and boast a temperature of nearly 70 degrees Celsius. These waters are said to have dozens of benefits to human health, due to the aforementioned minerals. The National Standards board has labelled the water as the best salt water hot spring spas.(citation needed)
  • Sea-level city The Sea city was built in the 18th year of the Ming dynasty, under the Hongwu Emperor (AD 1385), giving it a history of over 600 years. It is found south of the Five Ridges known locally as the "living fossil of culture".(citation needed)
  • Elephant Head Mountain Elephant head mountain scenic area is located in the south of Boluo County,18 kilometres away from the Huizhou city area, and covers an area of 33 km2 (13 sq mi). Elephant head mountain is formed in the Cretaceous period of igneous rock, and sports a main peak reaching an elevation of 1023 meters above sea level. The mountain bedrock forms a unique " stone egg" landscape.(citation needed)

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Huizhou is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]