Hulk (comics) in other media
||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (February 2013)|
|Adaptations of the Hulk in other media|
|Created by||Stan Lee
|Original source||Comics published by Marvel Comics|
|First appearance||The Incredible Hulk #1 (May 1962)|
|Novel(s)||The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars (1978)
The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast (1979)
|Films and television|
|Film(s)||The Incredible Hulk Returns (1988)
The Trial of the Incredible Hulk (1989)
The Death of the Incredible Hulk (1990)
The Incredible Hulk (2008)
|The Marvel Super Heroes (1966)
The Incredible Hulk (1978–82)
The Incredible Hulk (animated; 1982–83)
The Incredible Hulk (animated; 1996–97)
The comic book character called The Hulk has also appeared in many other types of media.
The Hulk debuted in television in 1966 as part of The Marvel Super Heroes animated series. Produced by Grantray-Lawrence Animation, headed by Grant Simmons, Ray Patterson and Robert Lawrence, the series is in stop-motion comic book form, with radio personalities Max Ferguson voicing the Hulk and Paul Soles voicing Bruce Banner. The 39 seven-minute segment episodes were shown, along with those featuring Captain America, Iron Man, Thor, and Sub-Mariner also from that series; they were all based on the early stories from The Incredible Hulk and Tales to Astonish comic book series from Marvel. The series shows Banner's origin of becoming the Hulk and struggling to keep his dual identity a secret from everyone, as well as trying to maintain his romance with Betty Ross, friendship with Rick Jones—the only one knowing that Banner and the Hulk were one and the same, and first battling supervillains such as the Leader.
The Incredible Hulk (1978–82): The most famous TV adaptation is the live-action television series, created by Universal Studios, and its subsequent television films, starring Bill Bixby as Dr. David Banner and Lou Ferrigno as the Hulk. It does not follow the comic-book-fantasy format or its villains or supporting characters, Furthermore, this Hulk does not speak, but only growled and roared. In this series, David becomes the Hulk, is assumed dead, and goes on the run while being pursued by tabloid investigative reporter Jack McGee (Jack Colvin), who is bent on proving that the creature exists. The two-hour pilot movie, which established the Hulk's origins, aired on November 4, 1977. The series was originally broadcast by CBS from March 10, 1978 to June 2, 1982, with eighty-two episodes in five seasons and three spin-off films, The Incredible Hulk Returns, The Trial of the Incredible Hulk, and The Death of the Incredible Hulk.
The Incredible Hulk (1982–83): The Hulk returned with this animated series, which aired in a combined hour with Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends. The series features more characters from the comics, including Betty Ross, Rick Jones and General Ross. The She-Hulk and the Leader make appearances in the show. This series features Stan Lee as a narrator. Bruce Banner is voiced by Michael Bell, while Hulk is voiced by Bob Holt. The Hulk appears in the Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends episode "Spidey Goes Hollywood", voiced by Peter Cullen.
The Marvel Action Hour (1994–96): The Hulk appears in episodes of the Fantastic Four and Iron Man cartoons that made up The Marvel Action Hour, although the character design for both Banner and Hulk were markedly different, with Ron Perlman playing both roles.
X-Men: As a robot in the danger room of the X-Mansion in the animated series episode "The Juggernaut Returns" (1995).
The Incredible Hulk (1996–97): Marvel Studios and Saban Entertainment brought the Hulk back to animated form, with Neal McDonough voicing Dr. Bruce Banner, Lou Ferrigno providing the voice of the Hulk, and Michael Donovan voicing the Grey Hulk. In 1997, the title changed to The Incredible Hulk and She-Hulk, and the show began feature the She-Hulk in episodes with the Gray Hulk. In the episode "Mind Over Anti-Matter", Banner turns into a monstrous Dark Hulk when possessed by an evil entity (both voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson). The show aired briefly on ABC Family following the release of the live-action movie in 2003.
The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes (2010–12): A show titled Hulk: Gamma Corps was being scripted in 2008, however, Marvel Animation chose to fold that show into The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, with Bruce Banner voiced by Gabriel Mann and the Hulk voiced by Fred Tatasciore. He was imprisoned in the Cube in his first appearance Hulk vs the World, but escaped during The Breakout part 1 with Leonard Samson after he was affected by Gamma Radiation. He later joins the Avengers after helping Thor, Iron Man, Wasp and Ant Man fight Gravitron. The next episode Some assembly Required he is taken over by The Enchantress and leaves because he thinks the Avengers believe he's a Monster, but comes back in Gamma World part 2 after helping defeat The Leader. In Nightmare in Red he gets arrested by the Hulk Busters for being framed for attacking the S.H.E.I.L.D. Hellicarrier when actually it was the Red Hulk, "ThunderBolt" Ross in disguise. He was released by Iron Man and Cap, but went on a rampage when Ross implanted a device based on tech Stark "sold to the military years ago". The Avengers were helped by Red Hulk in taking in the Hulk and he asked to join the Avengers, which Captain America was against. When he went to rescue Hulk from The hydro base he found that Wasp had played stow away, so he sent her to investigate the device at the back of Hulk's neck, which they were able to destroy. after The Avengers found out Ross was the Red Hulk and his true intentions he was arrested. Hulk was offered his place in the avengers back, but said he needed to be alone for a while but said the Avengers could call him if he was needed. Hulk later helped save the world from being devoured by Galactus.
Ultimate Spider-Man (2012): Appears in the episodes "Exclusive", "Home Sick Hulk" and "The Incredible Spider-Hulk", once again voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
Avengers Assemble (2013): A main cast member, once again voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. (2013): A main cast member, once again voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
Syndicated comic strip
The Hulk appeared in his own syndicated newspaper strip, which debuted on October 30, 1978 and ran until September 5, 1982. Initially credited to Stan Lee and Larry Lieber, this strip modeled its version of the character after the television series airing at the time; with Banner's first name being given as "David", the McGee character, and a "wandering man" format. Although the depiction of the Hulk matched the comic books in terms of visual design, he did not speak dialog which is akin to the television version of the character.
Episode guide for the syndicated comic strip
|Episode||Fan title||Start date||End date|
|1||To Clone a Hulk||1978-10-30||1978-12-18|
|2||Rage and Revenge||1978-12-19||1979-02-25|
|3||The Mechanical Hulk||1979-02-26||1979-05-13|
|5||The Union Election||1979-06-25||1979-09-30|
|6||The Secret of the Hulk||1979-10-01||1979-12-09|
|7||The Big Top||1979-12-10||1980-02-25|
|12||Controlling the Beast||1981-02-16||1981-05-31|
|16||Mona, Charity & Liz||1982-02-23||1982-05-16|
|17||Eric Kane the Conqueror||1982-05-17||1982-08-22|
|18||Kitty and Pop Huston||1982-08-23||1982-09-05|
|19||The Human Cobra & Mr. Hyde||unpublished||unpublished|
Pocket Books published two mass market paperback solo novels starring the character, The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars in 1978 and The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast in 1979. The Hulk has appeared in the following novels:
|The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars||Len Wein
|Pocket Books||0671820842 / 9780671820848||October 1978||Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #2|
|The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast||Richard S. Meyers||Pocket Books||0671820850 / 9780671820855||March 1979||Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #3|
|The Marvel Superheroes||Len Wein
|Pocket Books||0671820915 / 9780671820916||August 1979||Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #9; short story collection; includes stories featuring the Avengers, Daredevil, the X-Men, and the Hulk|
|The Hulk and Spider-Man: Murdermoon||Paul Kupperberg||Pocket Books||067182094X / 9780671820947||October 1979||Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #11|
|The Incredible Hulk: What Savage Beast||Peter David||Putnam/BPMC (hardback)
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback)
|0756759676 / 9780756759674 (hardback)
1572971355 / 9781572971356 (paperback)
|July 1995 (hardback)
July 1996 (paperback)
|Spider-Man and the Incredible Hulk: Doom's Day Book One: Rampage||Danny Fingeroth
|Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572971649 / 9781572971646||September 1996||First in Doom's Day trilogy; is followed by Spider-Man and Iron Man: Doom's Day Book Two: Sabotage|
|The Incredible Hulk: Abominations||Jason Henderson||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572972734 / 9781572972735||July 1997|
|The Ultimate Hulk||Stan Lee
|Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425165132 / 9780425165133||October 1998||Short story collection|
|Hulk||Peter David||Del Rey Books||0345459679 / 9780345459671||April 2003||Novelization of 2003 Hulk movie|
|The Incredible Hulk||Peter David||Del Rey Books||0345506995 / 978-0345506993||May 2008||Novelization of 2008 The Incredible Hulk movie|
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (February 2013)|
The Incredible Hulk appears in video games for many different systems, including the Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum, Sega Genesis, SNES, Sega Master System, Game Gear, PlayStation, Sega Saturn, PlayStation 2, Xbox, GameCube, Game Boy Advance, and personal computer.
- The first Hulk video game was Questprobe featuring The Hulk, released by Adventure International in 1984 for the PC, Commodore 64, and ZX Spectrum. It was followed by The Incredible Hulk, The Incredible Hulk: The Pantheon Saga, Hulk (which was loosely based on the 2003 film rather than the comic books), and The Incredible Hulk for the Game Boy Advance
- The Hulk appears in The Incredible Hulk: Ultimate Destruction with Neal McDonough reprising the role of Bruce Banner, Richard Moll voicing Devil Hulk, and Michael Donovan reprising Gray Hulk.
- In addition to his own games, the Hulk appears as a playable character in several games by Capcom. The first was a SNES game for the home consoles called Marvel Super Heroes: War of the Gems. After this the Hulk appeared in several arcade fighting games, starting with Marvel Super Heroes in 1995, followed by Marvel Super Heroes vs. Street Fighter, Marvel vs. Capcom: Clash of Super Heroes and concluding with Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes. In all of the Capcom games, Hulk's persona is that of his merger with Bruce Banner.
- The Hulk has a cameo in the Fantastic Four video game for the PS and Sega Saturn as a boss.
- The Hulk is the main character in the Hulk video game with Bruce Banner voiced by Eric Bana and Hulk voiced by Graig Robertson.
- The Hulk is in a cutscene in the Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects game for the PS2, Xbox, and GameCube.
- In the Ultimate Spider-Man video game, Spider-Man makes a reference to the Hulk in his fight with the Green Goblin by saying that Green Goblin is "impressive" but not "Hulk-impressive".
- The Hulk makes an appearance in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance as Bruce Banner (voiced by Robin Atkin Downes in most versions, and Arin Hanson in the Wii version). The Hulk later became available as a downloadable character in the Xbox 360 version voiced by Peter Lurie.
- Hulk is the main character in The Incredible Hulk video game with Bruce Banner voiced by Edward Norton and Hulk voiced by Fred Tatasciore. In the game, there are secret characters/costumes you can unlock such as Joe Fixit, Gray Hulk, Classic Hulk, and much more.
- Hulk appears as a playable character in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2 voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
- Hulk appears as a playable character in the Marvel Super Hero Squad, (which features both red and gray versions) as well as Marvel Super Hero Squad: Comic Combat. In both games he was voiced by Travis Willingham.
- Hulk has a cameo in Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions, where he appears on one of the billboards in 2099.
- Hulk appears as a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad: The Infinity Gauntlet, voiced again by Travis Willingham.
- Hulk appears as a playable fighter in Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds. He is shown in the official teaser trailer, battling Chris Redfield of the Resident Evil series on a rooftop. Fred Tatasciore reprises his voice role. The Hulk would later appear in the updated version of the game, Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3.
- Hulk is a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online, both in his standard torn pants attire, his Planet Hulk gladiator attire, Avengers movie attire, and SHIELD attire.
- Hulk is available as downloadable content for the game LittleBigPlanet, as part of "Marvel Costume Kit 4".
- The Hulk appeared in four virtual pinball games for Pinball FX 2 released by Zen Studios. The four games were a part of the Marvel Pinball: Avengers Chronicles. The games being World War Hulk, The Avengers, Infinity Gauntlet, and (as Nul, Breaker of Worlds) Fear Itself.
- Hulk is a playable character in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance. His alternate costumes include his Planet Hulk and Avengers costumes.
- The Hulk appears as a playable character in the 2012 fighting game Marvel Avengers: Battle for Earth.
- Hulk's costume was available in Club Penguin during the Avengers edition of the game.
Popular culture references
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- Saturday Night Live: a season three sketch has John Belushi playing the Hulk when Superman (Bill Murray) and Lois Lane (Margot Kidder) are married and having a dinner party; a 1992 sketch called "Superman's Funeral", where Hulk (portrayed by Chris Farley) is one of the speakers; and a 1994 sketch called "The Incredible Hulk", where Hulk (portrayed by George Foreman) gets bored at a needlessly repetitive sketch.
- Attack of the Killer Tomatoes episode "Tomato from the Black Lagoon" (1990), Chad Finletter sees a man getting angry and impatient while waiting for a plane, then the man starts to turn into a green muscular monster as he gets angry.
- Dexter's Laboratory: a purple-skinned parody of the Hulk named "The Infraggable Krunk" (voiced by Frank Welker) made a few appearances in season one and shared a segment called "The Justice Friends" (1996) with Major Glory (a parody of Captain America voiced by Rob Paulsen) and Valhallen (a parody of Thor voiced by Tom Kenny).
- Adventures of Ricardo short (1996): originally seen on MTV's Cartoon Sushi and available on The Animation Show DVD, the title character professes his love of the character, renamed "The Incwedibul Hunk" here due to Ricardo's speech impediment.
- 2001 (Dr. Dre album): On the song "Some L.A. Niggas," rapper King T compares the marijuana he smokes to the Hulk, with the line, "Smoke big green, call it Bruce Banner".
- MADtv: a season three skit showed a man (portrayed by Will Sasso) becoming a miniature version of the Hulk (portrayed by Alex Borstein),[episode needed] and a skit in 2004, Bruce Banner (portrayed by Ike Barinholtz) tries to create a serum that will prevent him from becoming the Hulk, unfortunately the serum causes him to turn into a homosexual Hulk (portrayed by Paul Vogt).[episode needed]
- Family Guy: The season one episode "Chitty Chitty Death Bang" (1999), a part in Peter Griffin's obviously made-up story to Lois Griffin has him turning into the Hulk to attack the devilish manager of the place he's supposed to have Stewie's birthday; The end credits for the episode "Wasted Talent" (2000) are run while Joe Harnell's "The Lonely Man" plays in homage to The Incredible Hulk (1978 TV series); it shows Stewie hitchhiking along the side of the freeway á la David Banner; In the episode "A Fish out of Water" (2001), Peter buys a fishing boat and gives it the name of "S.S. More Powerful Than Superman, Batman, Spider-Man, and The Incredible Hulk put it together"; In the episode "Emission Impossible" (2001), Peter asks Lois's sister if he can have her husband's shirts so that he can imitate Hulk ripping his shirt off throughout; And the 2011 episode, "And I'm Joyce Kinney", replaces the regular Family Guy opening with a spoof of the Hulk TV series opening, placing Stewie as David Banner, Peter as the Hulk and Tom Tucker as Jack McGee.
- In the 2002 Scrubs "My Student", after the medical student assigned to J.D. made numerous mistakes, J.D. gets angry and transforms into the Hulk.
- The character appears in the 2005 Robot Chicken episodes "The Deep End" and "Badunkadunk" voiced by Seth Green.
- In the 2006 feature film The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift, Lil' Bow Wow has a Hulk-themed car.
- Hulk appears in the 2007 South Park episode trilogy "Imaginationland".
- The Simpsons 2008 episode "Sex, Pies and Idiot Scrapes", a Hulk-parody character, called the "Mulk", is shown fighting another ingenious Marvel parody, "The Thung". Homer turns into the Hulk in "I Am Furious (Yellow)".
- In the 2008 parody film Disaster Movie, the character is played by Roland Kickinger.
- In the Rat-Man episode "The Incredible Rat-Man", a man transforms into a Hulk-like creature with blue skin and eyes. The transformation is similar to that of David Banner's. A general (resembling General Thunderbolt Ross) tries to stop him. "The Lonely Man" is played during the end credits.
- Iron Man 2 (2010): when Nick Fury debriefs Tony Stark, the screen on the right shows the report of the Hulk's attack on Culver University.
- In the 2010 Castle episode "Tick, Tick, Tick...", Martha Rodgers (played by Susan Sullivan) watches a video of the pilot episode of The Incredible Hulk, where she plays Dr. Marks.
- Thor (2011): Dr. Erik Selvig declares he once knew a pioneer in gamma radiation until S.H.I.E.L.D. showed up, and he had not been heard from since.
- In a Raising Hope (2012) season three episode,[episode needed] Virginia Chance (Martha Plimpton) insists that the "green guy on the can of peas" is the Hulk, and that he gets angry when people do not buy his vegetables.
- Several Twitter accounts exist that parody the Hulk, including Feminist Hulk, Drunk Hulk, and Film Crit Hulk.
Hulk-themed products include action figures, clothes, jewelry, video games, cards, pins, posters, cars, games, lunch boxes, toys, a pinball machine, various collectibles and the Incredible Hulk roller coaster at Universal Studios Islands of Adventure in Orlando, Florida. The Hulk is the first special issue figurine in The Classic Marvel Figurine Collection.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (1995). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present Sixth Edition. Ballantine Books. p. 501. ISBN 9780345397362.
- "Voices of Bruce Banner". Behind The Voice Actors. 2013. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
- "Voices of Hulk". Behind The Voice Actors. 2013. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
- Harvey, James (October 31, 2008). "Hulk: Gamma Corps Status Confirmed, Update On The Avengers: Earth's Greatest Heroes". Marvel Animation Age. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2008.
- Busch, Jenna (February 8, 2010). "Avengers Animated Assembling w/ Phil Lamarr". Newsarama. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
- "Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel Preview". Marvel Comics. July 18, 2012. Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Goldman, Eric (June 28, 2013). "Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel Debut Date Announced". IGN. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013.
- Thomas, Roy (Fall 1999). "A Conversation with Artist-Writer Larry Lieber". Alter Ego (TwoMorrows Publishing) 3 (2): 24 of print version. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved January 31, 2008. "I remember doing The Hulk, with Frank Giacoia inking."
- Best, Daniel (August 6, 2007). "Looking Back With Larry Lieber". 20th Century Danny Boy. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012. "The Hulk was kind of popular on television; and so I drew The Hulk. Stan was writing it."
- Wein, Len; Wolfman, Marv; Silva, Joseph (1978). The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars. Pocket Books. ISBN 9780671820848.
- Meyers, Richard S. (1979). The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast. Pocket Books. ISBN 9780671820855.
- Lovece, Frank (June 7, 2008). "Still Going Strong". Newsday. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds Tech Info". GameSpot. February 15, 2011. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013.
- "Marvel Costume Kit 4". Sony. Archived from the original on December 30, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "World War Hulk Pinball". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- "Marvel's the Avengers Pinball". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- "Infinity Gauntlet". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- "Fear Itself Pinball". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- "Hulk joins Marvel Heroes". Marvel Heroes. June 5, 2012. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- "LEGO Marvel Super Heroes On the Way". Marvel.com. January 8, 2013. Archived from the original on January 8, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- Woodsome, Kate (October 12, 2013). "Feminist Hulk Smash Shutdown, Rescue Women On Food Aid!". NPR.
- "The Internet Pinball Database Presents the Incredible Hulk". The Internet Pinball Database. no date. Retrieved September 13, 2010.