Hull—Aylmer

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For the provincial electoral district, see Hull (provincial electoral district)
Hull—Aylmer
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
HullAylmer.jpg
Hull—Aylmer in relation to districts in the Gatineau/Hull region
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Nycole Turmel
New Democratic
District created 1914
First contested 1917
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 124,117
Electors (2011) 87,036
Area (km²)[2] 125.84
Pop. density (per km²) 986.3
Census divisions Gatineau
Census subdivisions Aylmer, Hull

Hull—Aylmer (formerly known as Hull) is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1917.

It was created as "Hull" in 1914 from parts of Labelle and Wright ridings. It was renamed "Hull—Aylmer" in 1984.

It encompasses the sectors of Hull and Aylmer located in the city of Gatineau, Quebec. The neighbouring ridings are Gatineau, Pontiac, Ottawa West—Nepean, Ottawa Centre, and Ottawa—Vanier.

With its large percentage of civil servants, the riding was a Liberal stronghold for almost a century, and the safest Liberal riding in the province outside Greater Montreal. Even when the rest of the province was turning its back on the Liberals, they survived in Hull—Aylmer in 1984, 2004 and 2006. In 2008, however, it was the only riding in Canada where four candidates received over 15% of the vote, and was the only riding in Quebec outside of the Montreal area the Liberals managed to win. In a major turnaround during the 2011 elections, however, the New Democratic Party won the riding as part of its sweep of the Outaouais. This was the first time the Liberals have lost the riding in an election; the only other time it was out of Liberal hands was from 1990 to 1993, when Gilles Rocheleau crossed the floor to the Bloc Québécois. The winner of that election, Nycole Turmel, was the interim leader of the NDP from July 28, 2011 until March 24, 2012, following the death of NDP leader Jack Layton.

Political geography[edit]

In the 2006 election, only five polls in the Aylmer sector did not vote Liberal. In the Hull sector, the Bloc Québécois performed very well in almost every neighbourhood. The Bloc's support was the most highly concentrated in the Wrightville, Mont-Bleu and Des Hautes Plaines neighbourhoods of Hull, but they also performed well in Le Plateau, Birch Manor, Jardins-Mackenzie-King, Jardins-Alexandre-Taché, Val-Tétreau, Lac-des-Fées and Ironside. Liberal support was constrained mostly to the neighbourhood of Parc-de-la-Montagne and the Île de Hull which was generally evenly split between the two parties. The Conservatives did not win a single poll in the riding, despite finishing ahead of the NDP which won two in Aylmer. The NDP won a poll in Lakeview Terrace as well as a poll in Parc-Glenwood, where it received less than 25% of the vote, despite winning it.

The strength of the Liberal party in this riding over so many years stems from the federal government influence generally seen in the city of Gatineau. This was the legacy of the federal bilingualism policy of the 1970s (which saw the liberal government of Pierre Trudeau in power) which resulted in the requirement for federal jobs to be distributed on both sides of the river. This was the impetus for the construction of the Portage complex in downtown Hull, which today dominates the commercial sector of the city. A significant number of residents in the riding work for the federal public service, with many working in the federal departments and agencies based in the Place du Portage buildings of downtown Hull. This is in addition to the residents who commute across the bridge to federal jobs in Ottawa.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Hull
Riding created from Labelle and Wright
13th  1917 − 1921     Joseph-Éloi Fontaine Liberal
14th  1921 − 1925
15th  1925 − 1926
16th  1926 − 1930
17th  1930 − 1935     Alphonse Fournier Liberal
18th  1935 − 1940
19th  1940 − 1945
20th  1945 − 1949
21st  1949 − 1953
22nd  1953 − 1957     Alexis Caron Liberal
23rd  1957 − 1958
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963
26th  1963 − 1965
27th  1965 − 1966
 1966 − 1968     Pierre Caron Liberal
28th  1968 − 1972     Joseph Isabelle Liberal
29th  1972 − 1974
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980
32nd  1980 − 1984
Riding renamed — Hull—Aylmer
33rd  1984 − 1988     Joseph Isabelle Liberal
34th  1988 − 1990     Gilles Rocheleau Liberal
 1990 − 1990     Independent
 1990 − 1993     Bloc Québécois
35th  1993 − 1997     Marcel Massé Liberal
36th  1997 − 1999
 1999 − 2000     Marcel Proulx Liberal
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006
39th  2006 − 2008
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − Present     Nycole Turmel New Democratic

Election results[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Nycole Turmel 35,194 59.20 +39.37
Liberal Marcel Proulx 12,051 20.27 -17.20
Conservative Nancy Brassard-Fortin 6,058 10.19 -4.94
Bloc Québécois Dino Lemay 5,019 8.44 -13.63
Green Roger Fleury 1,125 1.89 -3.37
Total valid votes/Expense limit 59,447 100.00
Total rejected ballots 355 0.59
Turnout 59,802 65.50
Eligible voters 91,302
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Marcel Proulx 19,747 37.47 +4.78 $79,069
Bloc Québécois Raphaël Déry 11,635 22.07 -7.30 $69,055
New Democratic Pierre Ducasse 10,454 19.83 +4.33 $47,534
Conservative Paul Fréchette 7,976 15.13 -2.07 $56,752
Green Frédéric Pouyot 2,774 5.26 +0.26 $3,327
Marxist–Leninist Gabriel Girard-Bernier 121 0.23 0.00
Total valid votes/Expense limit 52,707 100.00 $89,492
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
     Liberal hold Swing +6.04


Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Marcel Proulx 17,576 32.67 $74,347
     Bloc Québécois Alain Charette 15,788 29.35 $36,796
     Conservative Gilles Poirier 9,284 17.26 $57,405
     New Democratic Party Pierre Laliberté 8,334 15.49 $28,016
Green Christian Doyle 2,687 4.99 $1,907
     Marxist-Leninist Gabriel Girard-Bernier 125 0.23 $19
Total valid votes/Expenditure limit 53,794 100.00 $82,541
Total rejected ballots 323
Turnout 54,117 64.25
Electors on the lists 84,233
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Marcel Proulx 20,135 41.87 -9.53 $61,882
Bloc Québécois Alain Charette 15,626 32.49 +9.41 $22,285
New Democratic Pierre Laliberté 5,709 11.87 +8.38 $23,285
Conservative Pierrette Bellefeuille 3,963 8.24 -9.72 $11,618
Green Gail Walker 2,561 5.33 $2,380
Marxist–Leninist Christian Legeais 98 0.20 -0.04
Total valid votes/Expense limit 48,092 100.00 $81,460

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in the 2000 election.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Marcel Proulx 22,385 51.40 -2.63
Bloc Québécois Caroline Brouard 10,051 23.08 -2.40
Progressive Conservative Guy Dufort 4,181 9.60 +1.39
Alliance Michel Geisterfer 3,639 8.36 +7.36
New Democratic Peter Piening 1,521 3.49 -4.19
Marijuana Aubert Martins 892 2.05
Natural Law Rita Bouchard 426 0.98 +0.39
Independent Ron Gray 184 0.42
Canadian Action Robert Brooks 167 0.38
Marxist–Leninist Alexandre Legeais 106 0.24
Total valid votes 43,552 100.00

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1999 by-election.

Canadian federal by-election, 15 November 1999
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Resignation of Marcel Massé, 10 September 1999
Liberal Marcel Proulx 9,532 54.03 -0.08
Bloc Québécois Robert Bélanger 4,495 25.48 +4.70
Progressive Conservative Richard St-Cyr 1,448 8.21 -9.51
New Democratic Alain Cossette 1,356 7.69 +4.93
Green Gail Walker 307 1.74 +0.51
Christian Heritage Ron Gray 176 1.00 +0.42
Reform Luiz Da Silva 175 0.99 -0.97
Natural Law Jean-Claude Pommet 103 0.58 +0.03
Independent John C. Turmel 51 0.29
Total valid votes 17,643 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Marcel Massé 25,835 54.11 +0.85
Bloc Québécois Ginette Tétreault 9,922 20.78 -6.42
Progressive Conservative Stéphane Rondeau 8,461 17.72 +11.55
New Democratic Peter Piening 1,317 2.76 +0.20
Reform Camille Fortin 935 1.96
Green Gail Walker 586 1.23 +0.34
Christian Heritage Ron Gray 275 0.58
Natural Law Robert Mayer 266 0.56 -0.21
Marxist–Leninist Pierre Soublière 151 0.32 +0.01
Total valid votes 47,748 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Marcel Massé 27,988 53.26 +3.43
Bloc Québécois Gilles Rocheleau 14,293 27.20
Independent Tony Cannavino 4,583 8.72
Progressive Conservative Pierre Chénier 3,244 6.17 -25.70
New Democratic Francine Bourque 1,346 2.56 -12.83
Green George Halpern 468 0.89
Natural Law Robert Mayer 401 0.76
Marxist–Leninist Françoise Roy 162 0.31
Abolitionist Linda Dubois 63 0.12
Total valid votes 52,548 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gilles Rocheleau 23,218 49.83 +9.26
Progressive Conservative Nicole Moreault 14,849 31.87 -5.15
New Democratic Danielle Lapointe-Vienneau 7,170 15.39 -4.23
Rhinoceros Denis Le Citron Patenaude 661 1.42
Independent Glen Kealey 559 1.20
Independent Serge Lafortune 134 0.29
Total valid votes 46,591 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Isabelle 17,058 40.58 -27.55
Progressive Conservative Pierre Ménard 15,563 37.02 +31.74
New Democratic Jacques Audette 8,247 19.62 -4.91
Parti nationaliste Carol Anctil 1,015 2.41
Commonwealth of Canada Émile Chartrand 156 0.37
Total valid votes 42,039 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Isabelle 27,938 68.13 -2.04
New Democratic Michel Légère 10,059 24.53 +7.97
Progressive Conservative Ronald Lefebvre 2,167 5.28 -0.07
Rhinoceros Sylvain Dompierre 598 1.46 -0.47
Independent Marc Bonhomme 174 0.42
Marxist–Leninist Pierre J.G. Soublière 70 0.17 -0.07
Total valid votes 41,006 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Isabelle 30,413 70.18 -1.04
New Democratic Michel Légère 7,175 16.56 +8.36
Social Credit Jean Tessier 2,357 5.44 -3.29
Progressive Conservative Jean-Paul St-Amand 2,320 5.35 -5.26
Rhinoceros Pierre Cantin 835 1.93
Union populaire René Coté 132 0.30
Marxist–Leninist Pierre Soublière 106 0.24
Total valid votes 43,338 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Isabelle 26,872 71.21 +6.27
Progressive Conservative Lucille Hodgins 4,006 10.62 -0.39
Social Credit René Ouellette 3,292 8.72 -4.13
New Democratic Carole Campeau Fortin 3,093 8.20 -1.81
Independent Raoul Gendron 472 1.25 +0.06
Total valid votes 37,735 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Isabelle 24,630 64.94 -3.78
Social Credit Yvon Boisclair 4,874 12.85 -3.03
Progressive Conservative André Lacroix 4,173 11.00 +0.06
New Democratic Carole Fortin 3,796 10.01 6.57
Independent Raoul Gendron 453 1.19 0.19
Total valid votes 37,926 100.00

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Isabelle 22,982 68.72 +16.48
Ralliement créditiste Joseph-René Villeneuve 5,311 15.88 -22.53
Progressive Conservative Jean-Marie Séguin 3,661 10.95 +6.81
New Democratic Richard Thibault 1,151 3.44 -0.56
Independent Liberal Raoul Gendron 337 1.01 -0.20
Total valid votes 33,442 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 29 May 1967
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Caron's death, 31 August 1966
Liberal Pierre Caron 11,854 52.25 -2.44
Ralliement créditiste René Villeneuve 8,715 38.41 +8.36
Progressive Conservative Jean-Claude Émond 939 4.14 -1.61
New Democratic Richard Thibault 907 4.00 -2.94
Independent Liberal Raoul Gendron 274 1.21
Total valid votes 22,689 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alexis Caron 17,832 54.68 +1.71
Ralliement créditiste Marcel Clément 9,798 30.05 -6.59
New Democratic René Desjardins 2,261 6.93 +4.53
Progressive Conservative Gérard Girouard 1,873 5.74 -2.24
Independent Liberal Gertrude Laflèche 692 2.12
Independent Liberal Robert Lawlis 154 0.47
Total valid votes 32,610 100.00

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alexis Caron 19,667 52.97 +4.81
Social Credit Marcel Clément 13,603 36.64 +5.37
Progressive Conservative Jules Barrière 2,965 7.99 -9.77
New Democratic Claude Morissette 891 2.40 -0.40
Total valid votes 37,126 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alexis Caron 17,932 48.17 -8.02
Social Credit Marcel Clément 11,642 31.27 +24.34
Progressive Conservative Armand Turpin 6,612 17.76 -18.15
New Democratic Hubert Boyer 1,043 2.80
Total valid votes 37,229 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alexis Caron 20,132 56.18 +11.52
Progressive Conservative Lionel Mougeot 12,869 35.91 +21.78
Social Credit Marcellin Clément 2,484 6.93 +0.15
Independent Liberal Raoul Gendron 348 0.97
Total valid votes 35,833 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alexis Caron 15,551 44.66 -30.46
Independent Liberal Raymond Brunet 11,981 34.41
Progressive Conservative Avila Labelle 4,922 14.14 -7.38
Social Credit Marcellin Clément 2,363 6.79
Total valid votes 34,817 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alexis Caron 21,785 75.13 +9.60
Progressive Conservative Daniel Lafortune 6,239 21.52 -3.57
Co-operative Commonwealth Laurent Larose 707 2.44 -0.30
Labor–Progressive Ernest Gervais 266 0.92
Total valid votes 28,997 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alphonse Fournier 18,446 65.53 +6.30
Progressive Conservative Jacques Boucher 7,060 25.08 -11.45
Union des électeurs Cécile Brunet 1,871 6.65 +4.30
Co-operative Commonwealth Laurent-Joseph Larose 771 2.74 +0.85
Total valid votes 28,148 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alphonse Fournier 15,012 59.23 +8.66
Progressive Conservative Armand Turpin 9,258 36.53
Union des électeurs Alcide Whitmore 596 2.35 -29.48
Co-operative Commonwealth François-Joseph Gavard 478 1.89
Total valid votes 25,344 100.00

Note: Union des électeurs vote is compared to New Democracy vote in 1940 election. Social Credit vote is compared to New Democracy vote in 1940 election. Labour-Progressive vote is compared to Communist vote in 1940 election.

Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alphonse Fournier 11,253 50.57 +5.73
New Democracy Armand Turpin 7,083 31.83
Labour Théodore Lambert 3,916 17.60
Total valid votes 22,252 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alphonse Fournier 9,370 44.84 -23.13
Reconstruction Aimé Guertin 5,244 25.09
Independent Liberal Joseph Édouard Laflamme 3,390 16.22
Conservative Rodolphe Moreau 2,894 13.85 -18.18
Total valid votes 20,898 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Alphonse Fournier 12,543 67.97 -15.33
Conservative Jean-Noël Beauchamp 5,911 32.03 +15.33
Total valid votes 18,454 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph-Éloi Fontaine 10,899 83.30 +14.10
Conservative François-Albert Dumas 2,185 16.70 -14.10
Total valid votes 13,084 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph-Éloi Fontaine 10,248 69.20 -13.50
Conservative Louis Cousineau 4,561 30.80
Total valid votes 14,809 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Joseph-Éloi Fontaine 11,998 82.70
Progressive Sylvio Lafortune 2,510 17.30
Total valid votes 14,508 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Joseph-Éloi Fontaine acclaimed

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]