Hullshire, or the County of Hull, was a county of England from 1440 to 1889. Hullshire may refer to the area outside the town of Kingston upon Hull within the county, whilst the entire entity was sometimes referred to as the "Town and County of Hull".
Hull was made a county town in 1440 in the reign of Henry VI. A number of small towns nearby were separated from Yorkshire and added to it. The region was self-governing (a County corporate) in respect of it having its own courts, with powers of oyer and terminer, to hold assizes on civil and criminal cases. At creation the county had included into it the town and parishes of Hessle (Hassel), North Ferriby, Swanland, West-Ella, Kirk-Ella, Tranby. Willardby (Willerby), Anlaby and the priory of Haltemprise. The rights previously given to the town of Hull were extended to the county, with the Mayor acting as the King's Escheator, and with the town Bailiffs replaced by Sheriff and twelve Aldermen, acting as Justices of the Peace within the county, with the Burgesses to answer before the Mayor and Sheriff first, not the King. The Justices of the Peace of the East Riding had no legal authority in the county. At the same time Hull Castle became the responsibility of the town.
In 1515 a skirmish or battle was fought between the Sheriff of Hull and the Prior of Haltemprice Priory over the authority over Willerby (Willarby) and Wolfreton (Woolfreton) – the Prior claimed that though the priory was within the Shire of Hull it was not part of it, and was within the Lordship of Cottingham, and had taken the issue to the Star Chamber; the case was referred to the Abbott of Meaux; Bryan Palmes; and Sir William Constable who had decided in the Prior's favour. Despite this decision on 6 October the Sheriff of Hull together with 200 people of the town began to approach Wolfreton; the Prior, who had been informed of the Sheriff's intentions roused his tenants, and armed the monks of the Priory, who then blocked the roads, and hurled abuse on the Sheriff and his people. The Sheriff's party returned the insults in turn using foul language. Subsequently the altercation came to blows and a quarrel with arrows ensued. The battle continued until the monks, many being old or fat, gave way, and fled to their priory, followed by the Sheriff's group. The situation was prevented from becoming more inflamed by the arrival of the Lord Mayor of Hull, who having learned of what was happening hastened to the scene with 60 horsemen. Subsequently the Prior sort redress in the Star Chamber, with the Sheriff accuseed of riot and other crimes – the legal proceedings continued for three years at much expense, leading to the settlement that the Prior was given Willerby and Newton within his authority, whilst Hull obtained free right to the fresh water springs of Anlaby.
Sculcoates, Drypool, the southern part of Sutton (Sutton-on-Hull), Garrison Side as well as the liberties of Myton and Trippett were added to the parliamentary borough in 1832, and in 1836 the new municipal borough was made to be of the same extent. (see also Municipal Corporations Act 1835). Newington (parishes of Kirk Ella and North Ferriby); Stoneferry; Marfleet and Newland were added in the second half of the 19th century.
- Tickell 1798, pp. 661–2.
- Gent 1869, Chap.VII pp.99–100 (p).
- Tickell 1798, p. 685.
- Tickell 1798, p. 93-95.
- Tickell 1798, pp. 92–3, 96–8.
- Gent 1869, Chap.VII p.118 (ccc).
- Tickell 1798, pp. 141–3.
- Allison, K.J., ed. (1969), The City of Kingston upon Hull : Boundaries, "The city of Kingston upon Hull", A History of the County of York East Riding (Victoria County Histories) 1: 1–10
- Kingston upon Hull County of Itself (Vision of Britain) Relationships and changes
- Gent, Thomas (1869) , Annales Regioduni Hullini : Or, The History of the Royal and Beautiful Town of Kingston-upon-Hull..
- Tickell, John (1798), The History of the Town and County of Kingston Upon Hull ..
- University of Portsmouth, "Kingston upon Hull County of Itself", www.visionofbritain.org.uk
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