Hulluch

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Hulluch
Hulluch is located in France
Hulluch
Hulluch
Coordinates: 50°29′12″N 2°49′03″E / 50.4867°N 2.8175°E / 50.4867; 2.8175Coordinates: 50°29′12″N 2°49′03″E / 50.4867°N 2.8175°E / 50.4867; 2.8175
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Lens
Canton Wingles
Intercommunality Communaupole de Lens-Liévin
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) André Kuchcinski
Area
 • Land1 5.74 km2 (2.22 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 3,165
 • Population2 density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62464 / 62410
Elevation 21–51 m (69–167 ft)
(avg. 76 m or 249 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Hulluch is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Geography[edit]

An ex-coalmining town, now a farming commune, situated some 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Lens, at the junction of the D947 and the D39 roads.

History[edit]

The chapter of Lens mentions Huluce in 1070 in a charter of Eustache de Boulogne. St Vaast called it Huluz in 1098, by 1136 it was written Hulut and Hullut 1180. in 1202 Huluch and Huluc. In 1303, Hulus on a seal affixed to a document and finally Hulluch from 1388, (confirmed again in 1429 by archives of Artois. It is pronounced Ooloo, as the final ch is not pronounced.
The town already existed in the Gallo-Roman era. Some pottery from this period has been found while digging the basement of a house near the old Roman road.
Originally inhabited by the Morins, the enemy of Julius Caesar, it was occupied by the Franks well before the 10th century. The village was chosen as a Christian mission during the 4th and 5th centuries.
An early seigneur built a simple castle with a donjon and outbuildings surrounded by fences and ditches. Around the year 1300, it is surrounded by stone walls, battlements, towers and a drawbridge. This medieval castle was burned, along with the village, by the Flemish in 1303, then bombarded by the Spanish. The succession of battles and invasions led to its demise, unable to withstand the tests of time andwars. Rebuilt as a chateau by Baron de Bertoult, during the reign of Louis XIV, the chateau was richly decorated and surrounded by a beautiful park. Unfortunately, the chateau was blown up by the Germans at the outset of World War I, but afterwards replaced by a residential district, called "Clos du Chateau" to perpetuate the memory of the chateau.

Hulluch was on a part of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais coal seam and coalmining began here in 1902 and stopped in 1978. The slag heaps from mining are now used to produce building materials.

The trenches and no-man's land between Loos and Hulluch, photographed on the 22 July 1917. The German trenches are on the right and bottom of the picture. The British trenches are in the top left. The vertical line passing through the photo is what remains of a road

Hulluch has suffered two world wars and has few ancient monuments. One can find some old buildings representing the style of the region, with bricks and clay tiles and sloping roofs. There are some farms that escaped the destruction. Some bunkers remain in peoples’ gardens, remnants of World War I. The German gas attack at Hulluch was among the most concentrated gas attacks of the war.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Hulluch
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 3837 3995 3828 3160 3005 2971 3165
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]