Humboldt, Iowa

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Humboldt, Iowa
City
Streetside in Humboldt
Streetside in Humboldt
Location of Humboldt, Iowa
Location of Humboldt, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°43′25″N 94°13′17″W / 42.72361°N 94.22139°W / 42.72361; -94.22139Coordinates: 42°43′25″N 94°13′17″W / 42.72361°N 94.22139°W / 42.72361; -94.22139
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Humboldt
Established 1863
Government
 • Mayor Walter Jensen
Area[1]
 • Total 4.80 sq mi (12.43 km2)
 • Land 4.64 sq mi (12.02 km2)
 • Water 0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)
Elevation 1,083 ft (330 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,690
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,654
 • Density 1,010.8/sq mi (390.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50548
Area code(s) 515
FIPS code 19-37560
GNIS feature ID 0457717
Website http://www.ci.humboldt.ia.us/

Humboldt is a city in Humboldt County, Iowa, United States. The population was 4,690 at the 2010 census, gaining 238 people since the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Frank A. Gotch Park (just south of present-day Humboldt and Dakota City) was a location of prehistoric and some Dakota Indian villages near where the two forks of the Des Moines River meet. During westward expansion in the 1800s, this area is thought to be the location of a fort/trading post called Fort Confederation. According to Federal records in 1825, permission was granted to build the fort to trade with the Ihanktonwan Dakota (Yankton Sioux) Indians. Information about the exact details of the fort are unclear, such as if American or French Canadian or Metis traders built it, bringing up many questions about this fort.[4][5]

The marshland that inspired Taft still exists today. It was the former river bed for the Des Moines River.

The founder of modern Humboldt, Stephen Harris Taft, laid out the plans for Springvale, the original name of the town, in 1863. It was named Springvale because of the several natural springs found near the Des Moines River. Taft had very big plans for the community, and expected many intellectuals from the East to move to his new community.

Taft had five goals for his idyllic community.[6]

  • The town shall be surrounded and full of trees and forests.
  • The town shall be free of the sale of intoxicants.
  • The town shall be founded upon a saw mill and grist mill on the Des Moines River
  • The town shall have the moral fortitude of a solid church and good schools, and that it shall become a town of thinkers and beauty.
  • The town shall grow with a college of university importance, and have a church that will not dissent into factions.

Taft undertook the great task of turning empty, blooming prairie into the community of his dreams. He brought out a group of settlers (including a doctor) in 1863, and they lived together in the few houses that had been built. The grist mill was built, known now as the Corydon Brown House.[7] The first few years were spent laying out the town. Taft wanted very wide boulevards throughout the town, and the community is still known for its streets.[8] Taft also edited the Humboldt County True Democrat through the offices of the Fort Dodge Sentinel in Fort Dodge.[6]

Springvale was renamed Humboldt (after the German explorer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt)[9] in hope of a merger between Springvale and Dakota City (the county seat of Humboldt County), but no merger took place.[10] This is the first of two major shortcomings that would stunt Humboldt's growth and keep it from reaching Taft's goals.

A meeting in 1866 occurred that formed the Springvale Collegiate Association, led by Taft. After the flood in 1867 that destroyed the town's dam, the issue became popular again in 1869. The association was renamed to Humboldt Collegiate Association in accordance with the town's name change. It was reported that "great enthusiasm" was the feeling in the room, however when the question was posed to the county's voters on October 12, 1869, the measure to appropriate swampland for a Northern Iowa College was defeated.[6] Taft was not defeated, however, and looked East for funding. After almost missing a payment deadline that would've sunk the college for good, Taft broke ground on June 17, 1870. He ended his address by saying "Hundreds are here present today. Tens of thousands shall gather here a hundred years hence to commemorate the birth of the institution and rejoice in the blessings it shall have conferred."[6]

Humboldt College opened its doors on September 13, 1872. The first three years were designed as preparatory work intended to supplement the pupils' public education that ended around eighth grade. The subsequent four years were college work. June 1879 brought the first graduation class of three families. They would be the only students to ever receive a degree from the institution.[6] At this time, Taft and the college were in financial trouble. An endowment fund capable of supporting Taft's vision seemed impossible to create, and following turbulent financial times in the East, the college closed in 1916. The building was razed in 1926, following unsuccessful attempts to rent the structure. Without the college, Taft's dreams of Humboldt becoming an intellectual center of knowledge in the West could not be realized.

In July 1955, when contacts between Americans and Soviets were rare, Humboldt hosted a delegation of Soviet officials (and national and international reporters) for an overnight glimpse of rural American life.[11]

On March 27, 1972, ABC-TV broadcast a half-hour documentary on Humboldt entitled "A Small Town in Iowa." The program was written and produced by Andy Rooney and narrated by Harry Reasoner, a Humboldt native.[12] The show portrayed Humboldt as a kind of paradise that struggled to keep its most talented youth from leaving for larger cities, and asked, "what is it about paradise that's turning the bright kids off?"[13] The answer, according to Reasoner and Rooney, was that "what seems to be missing is more a shortcoming of ours, than of the small town. It is that those of us with ego and ambition are not usually happy performing in front of an audience the size a small town provides."[12]

The First National Bank of Humboldt and its shareholders were the primary victims of what the Des Moines Register described as “one of the most spectacular white-collar crimes in state history.”[14] In 1982 Humboldt native Gary Vance Lewellyn, then a Des Moines stockbroker, attempted to pump up the value of the stock of a high-tech company by singlehandedly creating phony market demand for it.[15] To carry out the scheme, he illegally obtained access to bonds of the First National Bank of Humboldt valued at $16.7 million, and secretly pledged the Bank’s bonds as security for his personal orders of the company’s stock through Wall Street investment firms.[16] When Lewellyn missed margin calls on his stock purchases, the firms obtained the bonds.[17] Suspicious federal regulators closed the Humboldt Bank when it could not account for its missing bonds (and considered, but rejected, the idea of liquidating it).[15] Its accountholders were protected by federal insurance but the shares in the bank became worthless. For his crime, Lewellyn was sentenced to twenty years in prison,[18] but served only five years.[14] Lewellyn died in 2012.[19] 1234567890

Geography[edit]

Humboldt is located at 42°43′25″N 94°13′17″W / 42.72361°N 94.22139°W / 42.72361; -94.22139 (42.723631, -94.221520).[20]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.80 square miles (12.43 km2), of which, 4.64 square miles (12.02 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Humboldt, Iowa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 63
(17)
67
(19)
87
(31)
95
(35)
98
(37)
104
(40)
102
(39)
100
(38)
98
(37)
95
(35)
79
(26)
65
(18)
87
(31)
Average high °F (°C) 25
(−4)
31
(−1)
44
(7)
59
(15)
72
(22)
81
(27)
84
(29)
81
(27)
74
(23)
62
(17)
43
(6)
29
(−2)
57.1
(13.8)
Average low °F (°C) 7
(−14)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
37
(3)
49
(9)
58
(14)
62
(17)
60
(16)
50
(10)
38
(3)
25
(−4)
12
(−11)
36.4
(2.4)
Record low °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−31
(−35)
−22
(−30)
6
(−14)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
41
(5)
37
(3)
25
(−4)
14
(−10)
−14
(−26)
−26
(−32)
−28
(−33)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.88
(22.4)
0.80
(20.3)
2.16
(54.9)
3.28
(83.3)
3.89
(98.8)
4.79
(121.7)
4.29
(109)
4.12
(104.6)
2.95
(74.9)
2.28
(57.9)
1.74
(44.2)
1.07
(27.2)
32.25
(819.2)
Source: Weatherbase[21]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1870 335 —    
1880 606 +80.9%
1890 1,075 +77.4%
1900 1,474 +37.1%
1910 1,809 +22.7%
1920 2,232 +23.4%
1930 2,251 +0.9%
1940 2,819 +25.2%
1950 3,219 +14.2%
1960 4,031 +25.2%
1970 4,665 +15.7%
1980 4,794 +2.8%
1990 4,438 −7.4%
2000 4,452 +0.3%
2010 4,690 +5.3%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,690 people, 2,091 households, and 1,250 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,010.8 inhabitants per square mile (390.3 /km2). There were 2,246 housing units at an average density of 484.1 per square mile (186.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 3.0% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.0% of the population.

There were 2,091 households of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.2% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 45.3 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.9% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 24.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 4,452 people, 1,965 households, and 1,202 families residing in the city. The population density was 957.7 people per square mile (369.7/km²). There were 2,090 housing units at an average density of 449.6 per square mile (173.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.41% White, 0.20% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.65% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population.

There were 1,965 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.84.

Age spread: 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 26.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,338, and the median income for a family was $49,526. Males had a median income of $32,438 versus $22,586 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,656. About 4.4% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ Frontier Forts of Iowa: Indians, Traders, and Soldiers, 1682-1862 (book) by William E. Whittaker
  5. ^ Artifacts from fort elude diggers
  6. ^ a b c d e "Humboldt, Iowa History." Humboldt County Historical Association. Online History. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  7. ^ "Dr. Daniel P. Russell and his Family." Humboldt County Historical Association. Dr. Russell. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  8. ^ "Humboldt History." City of Humboldt.City of Humboldt Iowa. August 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  9. ^ Helferich, Gerard (2004). Humboldt's Cosmos. Penguin Group, 345-46. ISBN 1-59240-106-6.
  10. ^ "Humboldt History." City of Humboldt.City of Humboldt Iowa. August 2007. Accessed 2007-08-24.
  11. ^ "Good for the Corn," TIME, 1955-8-01, and "Russians Learning Wonders of America," Long Beach Press-Telegram, 1955-7-26, p. A-4 (retrieved from Newspaperarchive.com).
  12. ^ a b Linda Johnson, "Why are people leaving Utopia? Utopia is Humboldt, Ia., the residents of which were filmed for an ABC documentary last January, March 26, 1972," Des Moines Register, 1972-03-26, at 3-TV.
  13. ^ Editorial, "Paradise is Humboldt, Ia.," Des Moines Register, 1972-03-29, at 6.
  14. ^ a b Mariam Rosen, “Hot Product: World-class Embezzler Gary Lewellyn Rebounds With a Fast-Selling Treatment for A.D.D.,” Dallas Observer, 1996-6-27.
  15. ^ a b "Catch Me If You Can: A Stockbroker’s Get-Rich-Quick Scheme Goes Sour," TIME, 1982-4-26.
  16. ^ Federal Deposit Ins. Corp. v. First Interstate Bank of Des Moines, N.A., 885 F.2d 423, 428-29 (8th Cir. 1989); Federal Deposit Ins. Corp. v. National Ass'n of Securities Dealers, Inc., 582 F.Supp. 72, 73 (S.D. Ia. 1984).
  17. ^ In re Lewellyn & Co., Inc., 929 F.2d 424, 426 (8th Cir. 1991).
  18. ^ ”Lewellyn Gets 20-Year Term,” New York Times, 1982-11-18.
  19. ^ "1980s Iowa bank embezzler Gary Lewellyn dead at 63", Des Moines Register, 2012-07-05.
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  21. ^ "Humboldt, Iowa". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  23. ^ "George Bauman, 91, Newspaper Publisher". The New York Times. April 16, 2003. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  24. ^ Justice Jerry Larson surpassed Justice Garfield's 28-year tenure in 2006
  25. ^ "Sees Fighting Chance for Smith in Iowa and the Defeat of Gov. Hammill," The Davenport Democrat and Leader, 1928-11-1, and Iowa State Register 1933-34.

External links[edit]