|City of Humboldt|
|Nickname(s): 'Boldt, The 'Boldt, Crumboldt|
|Incorporated (town)||April 1, 1907|
|Incorporated (city)||November 7, 2000|
|• Mayor||Malcolm Eaton, (2009)|
|• Humboldt City Council||Aaron Behiel, Leon Fleischhacker, Gord Lees, Rob Muench, Phillip Smith, Leon Winkel|
|• MLA, Humboldt||Donna Harpauer (SKP), (2011)|
|• MP, Saskatoon—Humboldt||Brad Trost (CPC), (2011)|
|• Total||11.66 km2 (4.50 sq mi)|
|Elevation||548.60 m (1,799.87 ft)|
|• Density||421.9/km2 (1,093/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Highways||Hwy 5 / Hwy 20|
Humboldt is a Canadian city located in the province of Saskatchewan, 113 km east of Saskatoon at the junction of Highway 5 and Highway 20. The city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Humboldt No. 370.
Named after German explorer Alexander von Humboldt, Humboldt began as a telegraph station located on the Carlton Trail, a wagon route used in the early days of Western Canada as a route from Fort Garry (Winnipeg) to Fort Edmonton. The name "Humboldt" was approved in 1875 for a site in the North West Territories along the Canadian Pacific Telegraph Line at which a repair station was built (8 km south-west of the present city site). Built in 1878, the Humboldt Telegraph Station played an integral part in communications for the developing West.
With the Métis uprising led by Louis Riel taking place at Batoche just 100 km northwest, Humboldt became the communication link between Prime Minister John A. Macdonald and his forces in the West, thus a site of strategic significance. General Frederick Middleton arrived in April 1885 with 950 soldiers, established a garrison at the station, and used it as his base for scouting operations. At that time, the Humboldt station was crucial, since the telegraph line further west was periodically cut – so Humboldt was the last secure link to the East.
On May 1, 1885, Humboldt became the site of a large supply depot under Maj. Lt.-Colonel G. T. Denison of the Governor Generals' Body Guard. A combined force of approximately 460 men built an elaborate series of entrenchments, converting the station into a fortified military encampment to protect the supplies. The troops left Humboldt in July 1885. The area was also the site of the first stagecoach robbery in Western Canada. Parts of the Carlton Trail in the form of wagon tracks/ruts still exist in the Humboldt area.
Humboldt in its beginnings was primarily German Catholic. It became the largest settlement in the Territorial Abbey of Saint Peter-Muenster also called St. Peter's Colony established by Benedictine monks from St John's Abbey in Collegeville, Minnesota. Immigration to the area from both the Northern Plains states of the USA and Germany was promoted by the German American Land Company. Many immigrants from Germany settled in areas in and around Humboldt such as Muenster, Fulda, Pilger, St Gregor and Englefeld. Immigrants from the Russian Empire who were ethnic Germans settled in the area west of Humboldt and south of the hamlet of Carmel.
After being established as a community, Humboldt became an important location in Saskatchewan known as the "Heart of the Sure Crop District" for its reliable growing weather, which led the town to become a centre for farming equipment and supply businesses.
Humboldt experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). It is a great distance from any large bodies of water, and thus lacks any moderating influences on its climate. The latitudinal difference of Saskatchewan can typically explain a 6–8°C difference mean in annual temperatures across the province.
|Climate data for Humboldt|
|Record high °C (°F)||6.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−12.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−17.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−22.5
|Record low °C (°F)||−42.5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||14.9
|Source: Environment Canada|
According to the 2006 census, Humboldt has a population of 4,998 people which is a decrease of 3.2% from the previous census in 2001. Around 16% of the population consists of youths under the age of 15. The 2006 Census states that the median age of the Humboldt population is 45.
The above land area figure was provided by the City of Humboldt in 2006.
According to the 2006 Census, Humboldt consists of mostly Caucasian and Aboriginal people. 97.8% of the population is of Caucasian ethnicity as well as a small portion of visible minorities. The other 2.2% are Aboriginal persons.
About 95% of all goods produced in the province directly depend on its basic resources (grains, livestock, oil and gas, potash, uranium and timber) and their refined products.
Wheat, canola, flax, peas, rye, lentils, canary seed and barley are mainly grown in the area. Beef cattle production, pork production – as well as other livestock – are significant for the community. With many farmers in the area, agricultural-related businesses were formed. Some of the services offered are in trucking and financial management, finance, business services, wholesale trade, transportation, etc. These jobs became significant for the farming community as well as the manufacturing community.
Arts and culture
- The Humboldt Polkafest is held every year from May to June. The weekend consists of polka music, dancing, and German food.
- The Summer Sizzler and Rodeo is held around Canada Day. The event features professional rodeo and the Jaycee Demonstration Derby. There is a parade through downtown and activities at Centennial Park.
- Oktoberfest is a celebration of Humboldt's German Heritage featuring beer and sausage, held in the fall at the Uniplex.
Humboldt has a number of heritage buildings listed on the Canadian Register of Historic Places.
- Canadian National Railways (Canadian Northern Railway) Station was built in 1905.
- Post Office was built in 1911-1912.
- Humboldt Post Office National Historic Site of Canada was built in 1911-1912. It houses the Humboldt and District Museum and Gallery.
- Humboldt Water Tower was built in 1914.
- Humboldt Provincial Court House was built in 1914-1920.
Marysburg Assumption Church located 16 km (10 miles) north of Humboldt was built in 1920-1921. Mount Carmel Shrine is located 23 km (14 miles) west and St. Peter's Abbey is 10 km (6 miles) east of the city.
Parks & Facilities
The Uniplex is Humboldt's recreational facility with a curling rink, a skating and hockey rink, an indoor aquatic centre and a community centre. On the Uniplex grounds is Centennial Park with 6 ball diamonds, a skateboard park and the Rodeo and Exhibition Grounds. An 18 hole golf course is located next to Water Ridge Park and the Humboldt Historical Park and Campground. Other smaller parks in the city include Civic Park, Glen Hall Park, Carl Schenn Recreation Park and Bill Brecht Memorial Park.
Situated 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Humboldt along Highway 5 and two miles (3 km) south is the Kloppenburg Wildlife Refuge. It consists of 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land which have never been cultivated.
Humboldt has ten churches: Humboldt Alliance Church, St. John's Lutheran, St. Andrew's Anglican Church, St. Augustine Catholic Church, Living Word Ministries, All Saints Ukrainian Catholic Church, Humboldt Bible Church, Westminster United Church of Canada, First Baptist Church and Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses.
Education & sports
Humboldt has three elementary schools, two Catholic (St. Augustine and St. Dominic) and one public (Humboldt Public School). It has one public high school the Humboldt Collegiate Institute. The Humboldt Collegiate Institute has Senior & Junior Volleyball teams (boys & girls), Senior & Junior Basketball Teams (boys & girls), Soccer (boys & girls), Badminton, Golf, Cross-Country, Track & Field and a 9-man Football program known as HCI Mohawks. The Mohawks won provincial championships in 1975, 1996, 1997, and 2008.
Carlton Trail Regional College is headquartered in Humboldt.
Notable people who were born, grew up in or established their fame in Humboldt:
- Kelly Bates, Edmonton Eskimos guard
- Al Duerr, former mayor of Calgary, Alberta
- Glenn Hall, professional ice hockey goaltender
- Ross Lonsberry, professional ice hockey player, 2-time Stanley Cup Champion with the Philadelphia Flyers
- Otto Lang, Rhodes Scholar, Law School Dean, Federal Cabinet Minister, and Executive
- Brad Lauer, former professional ice hockey player
- Kyle McLaren, San Jose Sharks defenceman
- Brendan Witt, New York Islanders defenceman
- Nathan Paetsch, Florida Panthers defenceman
- William Dutton, speed skater
- Jeremy Wotherspoon, speed skater and 67-time world cup champion
- Lyndon Rush, 2010 Olympian, Canadian bobsledder
- Brianne Theisen, Heptathlete and Canadian record-holder in the women's pentathlon
- Rusty Malinoski, professional wakeboarder
- David Schmidtz, political philosopher
- "City of Humboldt". City of Humboldt. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System (City of Humboldt)". Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- A Line Through the Wilderness
- "Humboldt History". City of Humboldt. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "District of Saskatchewan Map 1885". Retrieved 2013-12-01.
- "The Legacy of St. Peter's Colony(P.12)". Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "St. Peter's Colony Map". Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Territorial Abbey of Saint Peter-Muenster". Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan (GERMAN SETTLEMENTS)". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina. 2006. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 27 July 2012
- "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
- "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
- "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
- "Canadian National Railways (Canadian Northern Railway) Station". Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "Post Office". Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "Humboldt Post Office National Historic Site of Canada". Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "Water Tower". Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "Provincial Court House". Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "Marysburg Assumption Church". Retrieved 2013-09-18.
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