Humboldt County, Nevada

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Humboldt County, Nevada
Humboldt County Courthouse.jpg
Humboldt County Courthouse in Winnemucca
Map of Nevada highlighting Humboldt County
Location in the state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
Founded 1856
Seat Winnemucca
Area
 • Total 9,658 sq mi (25,014 km2)
 • Land 9,648 sq mi (24,988 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (26 km2), 0.10%
Population
 • (2010) 16,528
 • Density 2/sq mi (0.66/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.hcnv.us

Humboldt County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,528.[1] Its county seat is Winnemucca.[2]

History[edit]

Humboldt County is the oldest county in Nevada, created by the Utah Territorial Legislature in 1856. It was also one of Nevada's original nine counties created in 1861. The county is named after the Humboldt River, which was named by John C. Fremont, after Baron Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt, a German naturalist, traveler and statesman.[3] Humboldt never saw the places that bear his name. Unionville was the first county seat in 1861 until the mining boom died there and it was moved to Winnemucca on the transcontinental railroad line in 1873.

The county was the site of an arrest in 2000 that led to the U.S. Supreme Court decision Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada in 2004.

Geography[edit]

The Winnemucca Sand Dunes, north of Winnemucca

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,658 square miles (25,014 km2), of which 9,648 square miles (24,988 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

The Santa Rosa Range runs through eastern Humboldt County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 40
1870 1,916 4,690.0%
1880 3,480 81.6%
1890 3,434 −1.3%
1900 4,463 30.0%
1910 6,825 52.9%
1920 3,743 −45.2%
1930 3,795 1.4%
1940 4,743 25.0%
1950 4,838 2.0%
1960 5,708 18.0%
1970 6,375 11.7%
1980 9,434 48.0%
1990 12,844 36.1%
2000 16,106 25.4%
2010 16,528 2.6%
Est. 2013 17,363 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 16,106 people in the county, organized into 5733 households, and 4133 families. The population density is 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There are 6,954 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 83.21% White, 4.02% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.54% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 18.87% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,733 households out of which 40.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% are married couples living together, 7.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% are non-families. 22.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.77 and the average family size is 3.28.

In the county the population is spread out with 31.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 110.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 110.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $47,147, and the median income for a family is $52,156. Males have a median income of $44,694 versus $25,917 for females. The per capita income for the county is $19,539. 9.70% of the population and 7.70% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.40% of those under the age of 18 and 10.80% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Winnemucca State Bank and Trust building is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Communities[edit]

Winnemucca is the sole incorporated city in the county.

Unincorporated areas include:

Education[edit]

Wildflowers in Paradise Valley, 2008

Humboldt County School District serves Humboldt County.

Law Enforcement[edit]

There have been at least two allegations of abuse of civil forfeiture by Humboldt County Sheriff's deputy Lee Dove. Both cases were successfully won by the civilians in question, albeit at great personal expense.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 163. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ O’Harrow Jr., Robert; Sallah, Michael (8 September 2014). "They fought the law. Who won?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 

Coordinates: 41°25′N 118°07′W / 41.41°N 118.12°W / 41.41; -118.12