Humboldt Military District

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During the American Civil War, Army reorganization created the Department of the Pacific on January 15, 1861. On December 12, 1861, the District of Humboldt was created, consisting of the counties of Sonoma, Napa, Mendocino, Trinity, Humboldt, Klamath, and Del Norte in Northern California. The district was headquartered at Fort Humboldt,[1] located on a bluff above the central portion of Humboldt Bay south of Eureka, California, which is now a California State Historic Park located within the City of Eureka. The District's efforts were directed at prosecuting the ongoing Bald Hills War against the Indians in the northern, coastal area of the large district. A peace was achieved in August 1864.

Commanders[edit]

  • Colonel Francis J. Lippitt, January 9, 1862 - July 13, 1863.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Stephen G. Whipple, July 13, 1863 - February, 1864
  • Colonel Henry M. Black February 8, 1864 - June 1864
  • Lieutenant Colonel Stephen G. Whipple, June 1864 - July 27, 1865.

On July 27, 1865, the Military Division of the Pacific was created, consisting of the Department of California and Department of the Columbia. Humboldt District was absorbed by the Department of California.[2]

Posts of the Humboldt Military District[edit]

Name Date Notes & Citations
Fort Humboldt 1853–1867 [3]
Fort Bragg 1857-1864 [4]
Fort Ter-Waw 1857-1862 [5]
Camp on Janes Farm 1858-1862 later Camp Curtis[6]
Camp Curtis 1862-1865 formerly Camp on Janes Farm [6]
Camp at Pardee's Ranch 1858-1865 [7]
Fort Gaston 1859–1892 [8]
Fort Seward 1861–1862 [9]
Fort Wright 1862–1875 [10]
Camp Anderson 1862, 1864 [11]
Fort Baker 1862-1863 Located 23 miles (37 km) east of Hydesville on the Van Duzen River at the confluence with the Eel River. Replaced by Fort Iaqua.[12]
Camp Liscom Hill 1862 [13][14]
Daley's Ferry Post 1862 [15]
Elk Camp 1862 [16]
Camp Lincoln 1862–1869 [citation needed]
Camp Lippett 1862 [citation needed]
Fort Lyon 1862 [citation needed]
Camp Redwood 1862 [citation needed]
Reed's Ranch Post 1862, 1864 [14][17]


Camp Olney 1862 [18][6]


Camp Grant 1863–1865 [citation needed]


Fort Iaqua 1863–1866 [19]


Gold Bluffs Post 1863-1864 near Orick.[20]


Trinidad Camp 1863 [citation needed]


Camp Gilmore 1863-1864 Located four miles north of Trinidad to protect the mail route.[21]
Camp at the Forks of the Salmon 1864 [22]


Camp at Martin's Ferry 1864 [23]
Camp Boynton Prairie 1864 [24]


Camp Burnt Ranch 1864 [25]


Camp Mattole 1864 [26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eicher, John H., David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN, retrieved February 22, 2013.
  2. ^ Military Division of the United States After The Civil War, General Orders No. 118., Washington, June 27, 1865, retrieved February 22, 2013.
  3. ^ Strobridge, William F. (1994). Regulars in the Redwoods: The U.S. Army in Northern California, 1852-1861. Arthur H. Clarke Company. pp. 255–257. ISBN 0-87062-214-5.
  4. ^ "Fort Bragg". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-09. 
  5. ^ "Del Norte". California Historical Landmarks. Office of Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2005-08-29. 
  6. ^ a b c Scott, Robert N., H. M. Lazelle, George B. Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies, Misc. doc. (United States. Congress. House); United States congressional serial set. Series I, Volume L. Part I, p. 77-78, 82-83, 84, 256, 270-271, 1008, 1054, 1108, Govt. Print. Office, Washington, D.C. , 1880-1901. ISBN 9780918678072, retrieved February 22, 2013.
  7. ^ Bledsoe, Anthony Jennings, Indian wars of the Northwest: A California sketch, Bacon and Co., San Francisco, 1885, pp. 233-237
  8. ^ Hart, Herbert M., Historic California Posts: Fort Gaston(Camp Gaston) (Humboldt County), in Pioneer Forts of the Far West, 1965, The California State Military Museum
  9. ^ Historic California Posts:Fort Seward (Camp on the Eel River), The California State Military Museum.
  10. ^ Scott, Robert N., H. M. Lazelle, George B. Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. Misc. doc. (United States. Congress. House); United States congressional serial set. pp. 161-164, 168-170, 175-176, 184-185, 202-203, 205, 218-219, 221-222, 229-231, 237-238, 248, 250-251, 261-264, 282-283, 300-301, 304-305, 408, 473-474, 481-482, 562-563, 633-636, 661, 662, 717-718, 950-951, 963, 984-985, 1161]
  11. ^ Hart, Herbert M., Historic California Posts: Fort Anderson (Camp Anderson), The California State Military Museum, accessed February 12, 2012]
  12. ^ Historic California Posts: Fort Baker
  13. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp Liscom Hill (Fort Liscom)
  14. ^ a b Scott, Robert N., H. M. Lazelle, George B. Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. Misc. doc. (United States. Congress. House); United States congressional serial set. Series I, Volume L. Part I, p. 972
  15. ^ Scott, Robert N., H. M. Lazelle, George B. Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. Misc. doc. (United States. Congress. House); United States congressional serial set. Series I, Volume L. Part I, p. 68
  16. ^ Historic California Posts: Elk Camp, The California State Military Museum,
  17. ^ Historic California Posts: Reed's Ranch Post, The California State Military Museum
  18. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp Olney, The California State Military Museum
  19. ^ Hart, Herbert M., Historic California Posts: Fort Iaqua (Camp Jaqua, Camp Iaqua), from Pioneer Forts of the Far West, 1965, The California State Military Museum
  20. ^ Historic California Posts: Gold Bluffs Post, The California State Military Museum
  21. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp Gilmore, The California State Military Museum
  22. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp at the Forks of the Salmon, The California State Military Museum
  23. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp at Martin's Ferry, The California State Military Museum
  24. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp Boynton Prairie, The California State Military Museum
  25. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp Burnt Ranch, The California State Military Museum
  26. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp Mattole, The California State Military Museum

External links[edit]