Humen (town)

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Humen
虎门镇
Town
Skyline of Humen
Humen is located in China
Humen
Humen
Coordinates: 22°49′N 113°40′E / 22.817°N 113.667°E / 22.817; 113.667
Country China
Province Guangdong
Prefecture Dongguan
Population (2000) 577,548
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Humen (former official name: Fumun;[1] Chinese: 虎门镇; pinyin: Hǔmén zhèn), is a town within the borders of Dongguan city, on the eastern side of the Bocca Tigris on the east bank of the Pearl River Delta, in Guangdong province, southern China. The former town of Taiping has been incorporated into Humen. The population was 577,548 as at the 2000 Census, making it the second most populous town (zhèn) in China (after Chang'an, also in Dongguan).[2]

History[edit]

The Weiyuan Fort and the Humen Bridge

The history of Humen is linked to the First Opium War (1839–1842). It was at Humen that Lin Zexu supervised the destruction of large quantities of seized opium in 1839. Some major battles in the First Opium War were fought here and on the waters of the Bocca Tigris.

Economy[edit]

Humen is a thriving city crowded with consumer goods factories. These factories also fueled population expansion from emigrating workers around the country seeking factory jobs. Furthermore, Humen is geographically advantageous for the factories due to its proximity to two large metropolitan cities and export harbors of Hong Kong and mainland China's Shenzhen. Humen has long been an important gateway to south China. Going upstream, ships plying the Pearl River can reach the eastern, northern and western regions of Guangdong and even parts of Guangxi province. The main port, Humen Port, is a first-class port open to foreign vessels.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Sea Battle Museum Park entrance
Sea Battle Museum
  • The "Sea Battle Museum", which has dioramas and displays featuring the First Opium War and the Second Opium War, may be reached by taking number 8A or 8B bus to its westernmost stop.
  • The Opium War Museum also known as the Lin Zexu Memorial Museum
  • Former Residence of Jiang Guangnai
  • Keyuan Garden (lit. "a garden not too bad for visiting"), built in 1850 during the Qing Dynasty

Several Qing Dynasty forts, including:

Travel and transport[edit]

Humen May 5, 2007

Humen is located at the eastern end of the Humen Pearl River Bridge.

Humen is served by regular direct buses traveling south from Guangzhou. Routes continue south by bus to Shenzhen's Window of the World theme park, from which it is possible to continue on to the Hong Kong border by bus or the Shenzhen Metro.

A ferry service connects Humen to Hong Kong International Airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chinese Postal Map Romanisation spelling
  2. ^ National Bureau of Statistics of China; Guangdong (Chinese) Population of administrative units at the 2000 Population Census. Retrieved on 2010-04-25.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°49′N 113°40′E / 22.817°N 113.667°E / 22.817; 113.667