Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arms of Bohun: Azure, a bend argent cotised or between six lions rampant or

Humphrey (IV) de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 – 24 September 1275) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

Career[edit]

He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England. He served as High Sheriff of Kent for 1239–1240.

In 1258, after returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Humphrey fell away, like his father, from the royal to the baronial cause. He served as a nominee of the opposition on the committee of twenty-four which was appointed, in the Oxford parliament of that year, to create the Provisions of Oxford to reform the administration. It was only the alliance of Montfort with Llewelyn of North Wales that brought the earl of Hereford back to his allegiance. Humphrey V headed the first secession of the Welsh Marchers from the party of the opposition (1263), and was amongst the captives whom the Montfortians took at the Battle of Lewes.[1]

The earl's son and namesake was on the victorious side, and shared in the defeat of Evesham, which he did not long survive. Humphrey V was, therefore, naturally selected as one of the twelve arbitrators to draw up the Dictum of Kenilworth (1266), by which the disinherited rebels were allowed to make their peace. Dying in 1275, he was succeeded by his grandson Humphrey VII.[1]

Marriage and children[edit]

He married c. 1236 Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 – 14 August 1241, buried at Llanthony, Gloucester), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan, Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue. Their children were:

  1. Humphrey (V) de Bohun (predeceased his father in 1265, earldom passing through him to his son Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford)
  2. Henry de Bohun
  3. Geoffrey de Bohun
  4. Ralph de Bohun, Clerk
  5. Maud de Bohun, married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke; (2) Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester
  6. Alice de Bohun, married Roger V de Toeni
  7. Eleanor de Bohun, married Sir John de Verdun, Baron of Westmeath

He married secondly, Maud de Avenbury (d. 10/8/1273), with whom he had two sons:

  1. John de Bohun
  2. Sir Miles de Bohun

Death & burial[edit]

He died in Warwickshire and was buried at Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Public Domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bohun". Encyclopædia Britannica 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 137. 
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry de Bohun
Earl of Hereford
1220–1275
Succeeded by
Humphrey de Bohun
Preceded by
William de Mandeville
Earl of Essex
1239–1275