Hunan University (simplified Chinese: 湖南大学; traditional Chinese: 湖南大學; pinyin: Húnán Dàxué), located in Changsha, Hunan province, is one of the oldest and most important national universities in China.
A panorama of Hunan University campus from the top of College of Architecture building.
Chuixiang Pavillion is part of the famous Yuelu Academy, which is the predecessor of Hunan University.
Hunan University traces its history back to the Yuelu Shuyuan (Yuelu Academy) founded in the Song Dynasty, originally in 976, over 1000 years ago (千年學府). Shuyuan (academy) were once two main forms of higher learning school in China, and another form was government-sponsored schools including imperial central school Taixue or Guozijian and regional schools. Yuelu Academy had no degree-granting mechanism, and no some other features of a Western university. The Yuelu Academy was a venue for Chinese scholars and their students to meet and study deep issues in broad areas of Confucian Studies. In 1903 it was changed to be a modern school with the incorporation of the school which was founded in 1897, initially called Shiwu Xuetang and once in 1902 called Hunan Daxuetang (湖南大學堂) . The school name Hunan University (湖南大學) was proposed in 1912, and in 1926 Hunan University was formed with the merger of three specialized public schools of Hunan. The Hunan University was later changed for several times. The name Hunan University was again adopted in 1959.
The Chinese calligraph of "Yuelu Academy" was written by Emperor Zhenzong of Song in 1015, and the Chinese calligraph of "Hunan University" was written by Mao Zedong in 1950 as soon as the People's Republic of China was founded.
For more than one thousand years, academic and educational activities have continued uninterrupted here. In the course of its development from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University, this time-honored institution has committed itself to fostering people of great talent for society and has produced large numbers of figures of outstanding scholarship. Among its prominent students are Wang Fuzhi, a celebrated philosopher in Chinese history; Wei Yuan, a reformist who first advocated the idea of learning from the West; Zeng Guofan, the first Chinese to initiate the Modernization Movement (at the time called Yangwu Yundong, movement of emulate of oversea scitech and industry) and to make arrangements for a modern factory in China; Zuo Zongtang, a national hero who arranged to build China’s first navy and took great pains to defend and develop Xinjiang; Guo Songtao, China’s first ambassador to a foreign country; Cai E, a major leader in defending the Republic of China; the first Chinese to set foot on the continent of Antarctica; and Ci Yungui, the chief designer of China's first super computer.
Hunan University is among China's top universities in both education and research. Its Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Industrial Design and International Trade programs are some of its strongest.
The 2008 Times Higher Education Supplement [THES] World University Rankings ranked Hunan University as follows:
- 15th in the People's Republic of China
In December 29, 2011, Hunan University's north campus stadium was used as a venue for the public announcement of death sentences for 15 prisoners, including Liu Ao Xian, accused of attacking local administration of taxation in Changsha.
Central Teaching Building, located at the south rim of the Central Quad, is the one of the major liberal arts teaching buildings on campus.
 Colleges and Departments
- College of Civil Engineering
- College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
- College of Electrical and Information Engineering
- College of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering
- College of Computer and Communications
- Software College
- College of Business Administration
- College of Mathematics and Econometrics
- College of Material Science and Engineering
- School of Design
- College of Architecture
- College of Mechanics and Aerospace
- College of Environmental Science and Engineering
- College of Physics and Microelectronics
- College of Foreign Languages
- College of Finance
- College of Accounting
- College of Statistics
- College of Law
- College of Economics and Trade
- College of Journalism and Communications
- College of Broadcasting, Film and Television Arts
- College of Chinese Language and Literature
- College of International Studies
- Yuelu Academy
- Institute of Educational Science
- Institute of Life Science and Technology
- College of Political Science and Public Administration
- College of Marxist Studies
- College of Physical Education
 External links
Coordinates: 28°10′49″N 112°57′10″E / 28.18028°N 112.95278°E