Hung Hom Station
|Hong Kong MTR rapid transit station|
Location of Hung Hom Station in Hong Kong
|Station location and services|
|Lines||█ East Rail Line
█ West Rail Line
|District||Yau Tsim Mong|
|Type of platforms||Island (1–6)/
|Opened||30 November 1975|
|Hung Hom Station|
Hung Hom Station (Chinese: 紅磡站), formerly known as Kowloon Station (九龍車站) is a station on the East Rail Line and West Rail Line in Hong Kong. It is Hong Kong's Main Station for all cross-border trains to China. Cross-border services to Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou (Zhaoqing, Foshan and Dongguan in Province Guangdong) call at Hung Hom station only when travelling in Hong Kong.
The station is located in Yau Tsim Mong District, Kowloon, next to the Cross-Harbour Tunnel's northern entrance. Hung Hom is one of the three Hong Kong ports of entry on the MTR network; the others are Lo Wu and Lok Ma Chau.
An interchange station for buses (lower level), minibuses and taxis (upper level) is located outside the station building. The lower-level bus station is situated in front of the Kowloon-side entrance of the Cross Harbour Tunnel. Elevated walkways connect the station to the Hong Kong Coliseum, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, residential area of Hung Hom, and tourist attractions in eastern Tsim Sha Tsui, such as the Museum of Science and Technology and the Promenade along Victoria Harbour.
The old Kowloon Station in Tsim Sha Tsui began operation in 1910. After decades of economic growth in Hong Kong, the station, situated at the seafront of Victoria Harbour, became too small and had no room for expansion. A new Kowloon station, situated to the east, opened on 30 November 1975 as the new terminus of the Kowloon–Canton Railway. The demolition of the old station had commenced on 7 June 1978, a new complex of concert hall and museums were built on Kowloon Station's original site, but the clock tower has been preserved as a Declared Monument.
The new station was renamed Hung Hom Station around February or March 1996. The Kowloon-Canton Railway was renamed KCR East Rail in 1996, and subsequently the East Rail Line upon the merger of MTRC (metro services) and KCRC (suburban train services) in December 2007.
After decades of being the terminus station of the East Rail Line, Hung Hom temporarily became an intermediate station when the suburban railway line was extended to East Tsim Sha Tsui Station. This symbolic return to Tsim Sha Tsui of then-Kowloon-Canton Railway was followed by the inarguation of a westward Kowloon Southern Link to complete the West Rail Line. On 16 August 2009, East Tsim Sha Tsui was transferred to the West Rail Line. Hung Hom regained the status as the terminus station of both suburban railways.
The old Hung Hom Station
An old Hung Hom station existed on Chatham Road South before the relocation of Kowloon in 1975. It was situated next to the former coastline of Hung Hom Bay, at the southeastern corner of the Gun Club Hill Barracks (between the current-day Chung Sze Yuen Building A of Hong Kong Polytechnic University and the Hong Kong History Museum).
In 2001, Hung Hom station underwent an extension project. Enlargement of the passenger terminal now hosts ticket offices, waiting areas, shops and restaurants.
Currently an interchange station between the West Rail Line and East Rail Line, Hung Hom station would be an intermediate stop on the Sha Tin to Central Link, a sururban railway line connecting the town of Sha Tin to Hong Kong Island.
In the latest recommendations by the Hong Kong Legislative Council, the East Rail Line would be extended to Hong Kong Island to form a North-South transport corridor, whereas the West Rail Line, the Ma On Shan Line, and the planned East Kowloon Link would be connected to an East-west Line at Hung Hom station.
Exit C Concourse
|Exit C, a transport interchange|
|ticketing office, Customer Service Centre, toilets, Hong Kong Immigration Department
and Customs and Excise Department checkpoints (for intercity train passengers)
|MTRShops, vending machines|
|Exit A & B
|Exit A, B, footbridge, public transport interchange|
|Exit D Concourse||Exit D, footbridge, Customer Service|
|Footbridges||to Cross Harbour Tunnel, Hong Kong Polytechnic University,
Tsim Sha Tsui East, Hong Kong Museum of History,
Hong Kong Science Museum, Hung Hom
|Platform 1||→ █ East Rail Line towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau (Mong Kok East) →|
|Platform 2||← █ West Rail Line towards Tuen Mun (East Tsim Sha Tsui)|
|Platform 3||← █ West Rail Line towards Tuen Mun (East Tsim Sha Tsui)|
|Platform 4||→ █ East Rail Line towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau (Mong Kok East) →|
|Platform 5||→ Intercity Through Train towards Zhaoqing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, or Beijing →|
|Platform 6||→ Intercity Through Train towards Zhaoqing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, or Beijing →|
|Platform 7||→ Disused freight platform|
|Side platform, restricted access|
The following train services call at this station (incomplete):
- Suburban Train (MTR East Rail Line): Hung Hom - Mong Kok (East) - Kowloon Tong - Sha Tin - University - Tai Po - Sheung Shui - Lo Wu (Hong Kong)
- Suburban Train (MTR East Rail Line): Hung Hom - Mong Kok (East) - Kowloon Tong - Sha Tin - University - Tai Po - Sheung Shui - Lok Ma Chau
- Suburban Train (MTR West Rail Line): Hung Hom - Tsim Sha Tsui (East) - Nam Cheong - Mei Foo - Tsuen Wan (West) - Yuen Long - Tuen Mun
(Y for Province Guangdong/Canton, XI for Province Hunan, Z for Province Zhejiang, E for Province Hubei, YU for Province Henan)
- Intercity Train (MTR-CR Through Train): Hong Kong (Hung Hom) - Dongguan-Changping (Y) - Guangzhou/Canton (East) (Y) - (Foshan) (Y) - (Zhaoqing) (Y)
- Night Train (MTR-CR Through Train): Hong Kong (Hung Hom) - Guangzhou/Canton (East) (Y) - Zhuzhou/Jianning (XI) - Jinhua (West) (Z) - Shanghai
- Night Train (MTR-CR Through Train): Hong Kong (Hung Hom) - Guangzhou/Canton (East) (Y) - Changsha (XI) - Wuchang (E) - Zhengzhou (YU) - Beijing/Peking (West)
- see the Hong Kong Kung Sheung Daily of 8 June 1978
- from KCRC documents, the exact date to be further researched
- see Kowloon Canton Railway Annual Report for 1910
- The HK Daily Press of 16 Sep 1921 shows the KCR timetable (taking effect on 16 Sep 1921) (Gazette no. s 260) without Hung Hom Station for the first time, whereas the timetable (Gazette no. s 205) the day before also on the HK Daily Press still showed the Station.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hung Hom Station.|