Hungarian Democratic Forum
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||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Hungarian Wikipedia. (September 2012)|
|Hungarian Democratic Forum
Magyar Demokrata Fórum
|Last leader||Zsolt Makay|
|Founded||27 September 1987|
|Dissolved||8 April 2011|
|Succeeded by||Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom (JESZ)|
|Headquarters||1025 Budapest, II. Szilágyi Erzsébet fasor 73.|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European affiliation||Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists|
|European Parliament group||European Conservatives and Reformists|
|Politics of Hungary
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Hungarian Democratic Forum (Hungarian: Magyar Demokrata Fórum, MDF) was a centre-right political party in Hungary. It had a Hungarian nationalist, liberal conservative, Christian democratic and national populist ideology. The party was represented continuously in the National Assembly from the restoration of democracy in 1990 until 2010.
The MDF was the largest party on Hungary's emergence as a democratic country under the leadership of József Antall, Prime Minister between 1990 and 1993. Since then, its representation has receded, with the party playing the role of junior coalition partner to Fidesz from 1998 to 2002, and in opposition otherwise.
It was a member of the Centrist Democrat International, and was a member of the European People's Party until 2009, when it joined the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists. The MDF's one MEP, Lajos Bokros, sits with the European Conservatives and Reformists in the European Parliament.
|This section requires expansion with: history between 1988–2002 and from 2009. (June 2011)|
In the 2004 European Parliamentary Elections it gained 5.3% (164,025 votes) of the vote and one of its members was elected as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP), sitting with the EPP-ED Group. MDF was a member of the European People's Party (EPP), but its MEP joined on 22 June 2009 the ECR group in the European Parliament instead of the EPP Group. This led to the party's suspension from the EPP.
It received 5.04% (272,831 votes) of the votes in the 2006 parliamentary elections, thus securing its place in the next Parliament.
MDF has essentially split, with the majority of its parliamentary representatives ousted from the party. Ibolya Dávid regularly accuses Fidesz, the largest conservative force in Hungary of trying to annex her party. The two parties had a bitter quarrel following the first round of the 2006 parliamentary elections on the possible withdrawal of MDF candidates to support the Fidesz: the presidency of the party decided not to do this. However, a number of MDF candidates decided to withdraw at their own discretion.
On 8 October 2009, Ibolya Dávid was a guest speaker at the annual conference of the British Conservative Party, to confirm a long term strategic alliance between the two parties in Europe.
|Year||Vote percentage||Seats||Popular votes||Ruling parties|
|2002||(together with FIDESZ) 41.07%||188 (24)||2,306,763||MSZP-SZDSZ|
Note: In 2002 the party had a joint list with Fidesz. The number of seats won by MDF is shown in parentheses.
MDF European Parliamentary Group
- Nordsieck, Wolfram, "Hungary", Parties and Elections In Europe, retrieved 7 November 2012
- Calvocoressi, Peter (2001), World Politics, 1945-2000 (Eighth ed.), Pearson Education, p. 323
- Szarvas, Lászlo (1995), "Parties and Party Factions in the Hungarian Parliament", Hungary (Frank Cass & Co.): 121–122
- Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989 (Cambridge University Press): 80
- Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010), Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared, Ashgate, p. 115
- Hanley, Seán (2006), "Getting the Right Right: Redefining the Centre-Right in Post-Communist Europe", Centre-Right Parties in Post-Communist East-Central Europe (Routledge): 21
- Renwick, Alan (2002), "The Role of Non-Elite Forces in Hungary's Negotiated Revolution", The Roundtable Talks of 1989: The Genesis of Hungarian Democracy (Central European University Press): 195
- Jeffries, Ian (2002), Eastern Europe at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century: A guide to the economies in transition, Routledge, p. 212
- Janusz Bugajski (1995). Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 462–. ISBN 978-0-7656-1911-2.
- (Hungarian)Index: Öt képviselőt kizártak az MDF-frakcióból