Hungarian Liberal Party

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Hungarian Liberal Party
Leader Gábor Fodor
Founded 27 April 2013
Ideology Liberalism[1]
Political position Centre-left
Colours Deep sky blue
National Assembly
1 / 199
European Parliament
0 / 22
Politics of Hungary
Political parties

Hungarian Liberal Party (Hungarian: Magyar Liberális Párt, shortened form Liberals (Liberálisok)) is a liberal[1] political party in Hungary, formed on 27 April 2013, and led by Gábor Fodor, a former MP and president of the Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ).[2]


Gábor Fodor announced in January 2013 that he intends to establish a new liberal party in Hungary.[3] He presented his party in April 2013, promising "more liberal, person-centered and patriotic politics". He criticized the state's tutelary policy and emphasized, Hungary was then in forefront of the region, when liberalism and the SZDSZ were strong. Fodor also introduced the party's programme with the title of "Sympathetic liberalism", breaking away from the "intellectual arrogance" of his previous party.[2]

In September 2013, the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) declined to sign an election deal with the Democratic Coalition (DK) and Fodor’s liberal party because both parties presented excessive expectations compared to their social support.[4] According to Fodor, the Liberals were ready to enter into a far-reaching compromise with left-leaning opposition parties in order to defeat Viktor Orbán. But after the Socialists and Together 2014 – the grouping led by former PM Gordon Bajnai – opted to stand apart, the Liberals had no other choice but to set off for the 2014 national election on their own.[5] Fodor attended as a public speaker at the opposition demonstration on the 1956 Revolution National Day, where he urged the establishment of a common democratic opposition list for the 2014 parliamentary election, criticizing agreement between the MSZP and Together 2014 and the exclusion of other opposition parties from the cooperation.[6]

During the interim mayoral election in Fót, held on November 24, Liberals' candidate Nóra Mária Vargha received the 13 percent of the votes and came to the fifth place. According to Fodor, this result showed that liberal voters require an own party, and lack of cooperation of opposition parties is favorable to the ruling party Fidesz.[7] Later a Budapest court decided election in Fót must be held again because of a violation of campaign silence rules.[8] On 20 December 2013, Századvég's poll for the first time registers support for the Hungarian Liberal Party, which receives 1% of the vote.[9]

On 14 January 2014, left-wing opposition parties agreed to submit a joint list for the spring general election, party leaders announced. The list will be headed by Socialist leader Attila Mesterházy, who is the left alliance’s candidate for prime minister. Mesterházy is followed by Gordon Bajnai and DK leader Ferenc Gyurcsány as third on the list. Liberals leader Gábor Fodor will be entered at fourth place and co-leader of the E14-PM alliance and the Dialogue for Hungary (PM) Tímea Szabó at fifth place on the joint list of the MSZP, E2014-PM, DK and Liberals. The Hungarian Liberal Party also received two additional places (56th and 58th) on the list.[10] Antal Rogán, leader of the Fidesz parliamentary group, said the result of the agreement is that the Hungarian left has been unable to nominate "a real prime minister candidate" or "present any new face," according to MTI.[11]

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