Hungarian Working People's Party
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|Hungarian Working People's Party
Magyar Dolgozók Pártja
|Founded||14 June, 1948|
|Merger of||Hungarian Communist Party and Social Democratic Party|
|Succeeded by||Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party|
|Politics of Hungary
The Hungarian Working People's Party (Hungarian: Magyar Dolgozók Pártja, MDP) was the ruling communist party of Hungary from 1948 to 1956. It was formed by a merger of the Hungarian Communist Party (MKP) and the Hungarian Social Democratic Party. However, the few independent-minded Social Democrats who had not been sidelined by Communist salami tactics were pushed out in short order after the merger, and the party was essentially the MKP under a new name.
Its leader was Mátyás Rákosi until 1956, then Ernő Gerő in the same year for three months, and eventually János Kádár until the party's dissolution. Other minor legal Hungarian political parties were allowed to continue as independent coalition parties until late 1949, but were completely subservient to the MDP.
During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, the party was reorganised into the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (MSZMP) by a circle of communists around Imre Nagy. However, after 4 November 1956, the MSZMP was controlled by János Kádár and fully supported the Soviet Union.
Chief functionaries of the Hungarian Working People's Party
First Secretary: (titled as general secretary 1948-1953):
Chairman (merely formal post, abolished in 1950): Árpád Szakasits 1948 - 1950
- Neubauer, John, and Borbála Zsuzsanna Török. The Exile and Return of Writers from East-Central Europe: A Compendium. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009. p. 140