Hungarian parliamentary election, 1920

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Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 25 and 26 January 1920.[1] However, they were only held in 164 districts.[1] After the Treaty of Trianon was signed, the 44 districts previously occupied by Romania voted between 13 June and 5 July, whilst the 11 districts occupied by Serbia did not vote until 30 and 31 October 1921.[2] The election was held with compulsory voting. In protest at this and other changes to the franchise that left 60% of the voting age population unable to vote, the Hungarian Social Democratic Party boycotted the elections,[3] and called for its supporters to cast invalid votes, resulting in an unusually high number of blank or invalid votes - 11.8% in the January elections and over 20% in Budapest and other major cities.[1]

The National Smallholders and Agricultural Labourers Party and the Christian National Union Party between them won 194 of the 219 seats, and formed a coalition government on 15 March.[4] However, it lasted only until 4 June when the Treaty of Trianon was signed.[4]

Results[edit]

Party January 1920 June/July 1920 October 1921 Total
seats
Votes[a] % Seats Votes[b] % Seats Votes[c] % Seats
National Smallholders and Agricultural Labourers Party[d] 491,114 42.3 78 113,696 73.3 29 32,358 43.3 5 112
Christian National Union Party 481,008 41.5 73 15,824 10.2 8 17,174 23.0 1 82
National Democratic Party 68,009 5.9 6 6
Christian Socialist Party 25,575 2.2 3 3
National Centre Party 16,200 1.4 0 0
Independence and '48 Party 14,928 1.3 0 0
Hungarian Public Interest Party 7,142 0.6 0 0
Christian Social and Economic Party 6,040 0.5 1 1
Christian National Party 4,756 0.4 0 1,098 0.7 2 507 0.7 0 2
Hungarian Workers' Party 2,119 0.2 0 1,652 1.1 1 1
Christian National '48 Party 1,087 0.1 0 0
National Defence Party 3,270 4.4 0 0
Christian Democratic Civic Party 2,522 3.4 0 0
Independents 42,119 3.6 3 22,931 14.8 4 18,829 25.2 5 12
Invalid/blank votes 155,580 4,881 1,716
Total 1,315,677 100 164 160,082 100 44 76,376 100 11 219
Registered voters/turnout 1,487,542 88.4 182,223 87.8 82,117 93.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a The number of votes for January 1920 elections is taken only from 83 of the 164 seats. In 37 of the remaining 81 seats there was only one candidate who was elected unopposed.[5]

b The number of votes is taken from only 13 of the 44 seats. In three of the remaining 31 seats there was only one candidate who was elected unopposed.[5]

c The number of votes is taken from only seven of the eleven seats. In one of the remaining four seats a candidate was elected unopposed.[5]

d The majority of candidates representing what would become the National Smallholders and Agricultural Labourers Party contested the election as Christian Smallholders or Christian National Smallholders, as the united party was not formed until January 1922.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p900
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p875
  4. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p876
  5. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p915
  6. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p916